Downtown Zvornik and Drina River
Location of Zvornik within Bosnia and Hercegovina
|City status||December 2015|
|o Mayor||Zoran Stevanovi? (SNSD)|
|o City||376.14 km2 (145.23 sq mi)|
|Elevation||146 m (479 ft)|
|o City density||160/km2 (410/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Zvornik (Serbian Cyrillic: ?, pronounced [zrni:k]) is a city in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is located in entity of Republika Srpska, on the left bank of the Drina river. As of 2013, it has a population of 58,856 inhabitants.
The town of Mali Zvornik ("Little Zvornik") lies directly across the river in Serbia. Kula Grad, a village that is part of Zvornik municipality, is home to a Middle Age fort, Zvornik fortress, built in the 12th century.
Zvornik is first mentioned in 1410, although it was known as Zvonik ("bell tower") at that time. The town's geographic location has made it an important trade link between Bosnia and the east. For instance, the main road connecting Sarajevo and Belgrade runs through the city. The medieval fort known as Kula grad was built in the early 7th century and still stands on the Mla?evac mountainous range overlooking the Drina Valley.
During the Ottoman period, Zvornik was the capital of the Sanjak of Zvornik (an administrative region) within the Eyalet of Bosnia. This was primarily the case because of the city's crucial role in the economy and the strategic importance of the city's location. The Sanjak of Zvornik was one of six Ottoman sanjaks with most developed shipbuilding (besides the sanjaks of Vidin, Nicopolis, Po?ega, Smederevo and Moha?). In 1806, Zvornik was home to Mehmed-beg Kulenovi?.
Ustasha troops of the fascist Independent State of Croatia occupied Zvornik, along with most of Bosnia, in April 1941. The town was liberated in July 1943 by the 1st Proletarian Brigade during the Battle of Zvornik.
During the Bosnian War (1992-1995) Zvornik's Bosniak population was expelled. The military attack of paramilitary groups that came from Serbia on Zvornik Bosniaks commenced on 8 April 1992. During April 1992, many European news stations daily reported Serb armed attacks and mass killings of the Bosniak population of Zvornik and the surrounding villages.
On 19 May 1992, combined JNA, Serb paramilitary and Arkan's Tigers took control of Zvornik and Mali Zvornik. The suburbs of Karakaj and ?elopek were places of prisons where hundreds of local Bosniaks were killed. The remaining Bosniaks and non-Serbs were relegated to concentration camps and detention facilities throughout the area. During the war Serb forces destroyed mosques in and around the city.
Photograph of Ste?ci in Zvornik
Aside from the city proper area of Zvornik, the municipality comprises the following settlements:
|Populatio of settlements - Zvornik municipality|
|Ethnic composition - Zvornik city|
|Total||12,674 (100,0%)||14,584 (100,0%)||12,147 (100,0%)||8,538 (100,0%)|
|Bosniaks||8,854 (60,71%)||6,686 (55,04%)||5,736 (67,18%)|
|Serbs||4,235 (29,04%)||3,491 (28,74%)||2,424 (28,39%)|
|Yugoslavs||944 (6,473%)||1,597 (13,15%)||24 (0,281%)|
|Others||475 (3,257%)||72 (0,593%)||141 (1,651%)|
|Croats||76 (0,521%)||66 (0,543%)||83 (0,972%)|
|Roma||135 (1,111%)||49 (0,574%)|
|Albanians||48 (0,395%)||26 (0,305%)|
|Montenegrins||35 (0,288%)||27 (0,316%)|
|Slovenes||7 (0,058%)||16 (0,187%)|
|Macedonians||6 (0,049%)||3 (0,035%)|
|Hungarians||4 (0,033%)||9 (0,105%)|
|Ethnic composition - Zvornik municipality|
|Total||58,856 (100,0%)||81,295 (100,0%)||73,845 (100,0%)||60,910 (100,0%)|
|Serbs||38,579 (65,55%)||30,863 (37,96%)||30,064 (40,71%)||27,769 (45,59%)|
|Bosniaks||19,855 (33,73%)||48,102 (59,17%)||40,801 (55,25%)||32,504 (53,36%)|
|Others||316 (0,537%)||960 (1,181%)||295 (0,399%)||316 (0,519%)|
|Croats||106 (0,180%)||122 (0,150%)||104 (0,141%)||107 (0,176%)|
|Yugoslavs||1,248 (1,535%)||2,110 (2,857%)||49 (0,080%)|
|Roma||335 (0,454%)||49 (0,080%)|
|Albanians||58 (0,079%)||31 (0,051%)|
|Montenegrins||47 (0,064%)||44 (0,072%)|
|Macedonians||12 (0,016%)||10 (0,016%)|
|Slovenes||12 (0,016%)||18 (0,030%)|
|Hungarians||7 (0,009%)||13 (0,021%)|
The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):
|Agriculture, forestry and fishing||80|
|Mining and quarrying||19|
|Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply||186|
|Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities||173|
|Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles||1,444|
|Transportation and storage||603|
|Accommodation and food services||415|
|Information and communication||105|
|Financial and insurance activities||103|
|Real estate activities||12|
|Professional, scientific and technical activities||114|
|Administrative and support service activities||28|
|Public administration and defense; compulsory social security||688|
|Human health and social work activities||665|
|Arts, entertainment and recreation||76|
|Other service activities||126|
The Cultural Summer of Zvornik (Zvorni?ko kulturno ljeto) is an annual event held in the first week of August and usually lasts for six days. Its main objective is to become a traditional cultural event which will open the doors of Zvornik for recognized cultural values.
The festival was first held in August 2001 as a local event and until now (2015) it grew up to one of to biggest festivals on the Balkans.
In 2007, famous singers such as Neda Ukraden and Sandi Cenov participated, but in 2008 this festival managed to feature some of the most notable stars from former Yugoslavia, like ?eljko Joksimovi?, Hari Mata Hari, Van Gogh, Marinko Rokvi? and others.
Zvornik is twinned with:
Other friendships and cooperations, protocols, memorandums:
The local football clubs, FK Drina Zvornik and ?FK Drina Zvornik, play in the First League of the Republika Srpska. Members of the First league of Republika Srpska also are volleyball and handball clubs Zvornik.
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