%C5%9Awi%C4%99tos%C5%82awa of Poland
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?wi?tos?awa of Poland
?wi?tos?awa.jpeg
?wi?tos?awa depicted by Jan Matejko, 1886.
Queen consort of Bohemia
Reign1062-1092
Bornc. 1046-1048
Died1 September 1126 (aged c. 78-80)
Bohemia
SpouseVratislaus II of Bohemia
Issue
more
HousePiast
FatherCasimir I of Poland
MotherMaria Dobroniega of Kiev

?wi?tos?awa of Poland (Czech: Svatava Polská (c. 1046-1048 - 1 September 1126)) was the third wife of Duke (later King) Vratislaus II of Bohemia and the first Queen of Bohemia as of 1085.

Origin

?wi?tos?awa was the daughter of Duke Casimir I of Poland and his wife Maria Dobroniega of Kiev.[1] She was related to the House of P?emysl, the family of her future husband, through her great-grandmother Doubravka of Bohemia. Her brothers Boleslaus II the Bold and Ladislaus I Herman were rulers of Poland.

Marriage to Vratislaus

Vratislaus married ?wi?tos?awa in 1062, one year after the death of the previous duchess, Vratislaus' second wife Adelaide of Hungary.[2] His first wife Maria had died after the birth of their stillborn child. According to German historians, ?wi?tos?awa was 15 years' old at the time of their marriage, while according to Oswald Balzer, she was aged 19 to 22.

With this marriage, the neutrality of Bohemia was ensured in the Polish-German conflict. In addition, Vratislaus demonstrated friendly relationships with Boleslaus II the Bold, but at a later date they disputed the Czech-Polish borders.

The first Queen of Bohemia

The new duchess gave birth to four children; Vratislaus had four other ones already. The youngest son, Sob?slav, was probably born in 1075.[1] Her sons Vladislaus and Sob?slav became dukes in the unquiet years after the death of their father, while her daughter Judith was married to Wiprecht, his ally and friend.

There is little information about this duchess, although she was crowned together with her husband as King and Queen in 1085 by archbishop Egilbert. They reigned for the next seven years.

Widow

In 1092 ?wi?tos?awa was left a widow and saw a struggle for the throne of Bohemia among the P?emyslids. In 1111, she assisted in negotiations between Vladislaus I and Boles?aw III Wrymouth. After Vratislaus' death, she tried to soften clashes between their youngest sons Vladislaus and Sob?slav.

In 1125, the dying Vladislaus I confirmed his relative Otto II the Black as his successor, which was also the wish of Vladislaus' wife, Richeza of Berg. Only the intervention of his mother changed his opinion, and Vladislaus reconciled with his brother Sob?slav.[2]

?wi?tos?awa, who was a widow for thirty years, lived to see the victory of her son Sob?slav in the Battle of Chlumec and died in September 1126.

Children

Literature

  • VANÍ?EK, V. Vratislav II. (I.) První ?eský král. Prague : Vy?ehrad, 2004.
  • KARE?OVÁ, Z.; PRA?ÁK, J. Královny a knny ?eské. Prague : X-Egem, 1996.

References

  1. ^ a b Knoll & Schaer 2003, p. 82.
  2. ^ a b KARE?OVÁ, Z.; PRA?ÁK, J. Královny a knny ?eské. Prague : X-Egem, 1996.

References

  • Knoll, Paul W.; Schaer, Frank, eds. (2003). Gesta principum Polonorum: The Deeds of the Princes of the Poles. Central European University Press.
?wi?tos?awa of Poland
Born: c. 1046-1048 Died: 1 September 1126
Royal titles
Preceded by
Adelaide of Hungary
Duchess consort of Bohemia
1062–1085
Vacant
Title next held by
Wirpirk of Tengling
New title Queen consort of Bohemia
1085–1092
Vacant
Title next held by
Judith of Thuringia

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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