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?ory
Market place (rynek)
Market place (rynek)
Flag of ?ory
Flag
Coat of arms of ?ory
Coat of arms
?ory is located in Poland
?ory
?ory
?ory is located in Silesian Voivodeship
?ory
?ory
Coordinates: 50°3?N 18°42?E / 50.050°N 18.700°E / 50.050; 18.700Coordinates: 50°3?N 18°42?E / 50.050°N 18.700°E / 50.050; 18.700
Country Poland
VoivodeshipSilesian
Countycity county
First mentioned1258
Town rights1272
Government
 o MayorWaldemar Socha
Area
 o City64.64 km2 (24.96 sq mi)
Population
(2019-06-30[1])
 o City62,462
 o Density970/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
 o Metro
659,000
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
44-240
Area code(s)+48 32
Car platesSZO
Websitewww.zory.pl

?ory (['r?]; German: Sohrau, Silesian: ?ory) is a town and city county in Silesian Voivodeship, Poland with 62,462 inhabitants (2019). Previously it was in Katowice Voivodeship (1975-1998). It is located in the historic Upper Silesia region about 30 kilometres (19 mi) southwest of Katowice.

History

Saints Philip and Jacob parish church.

The settlement on the road from Cieszyn to Kraków was first mentioned in a 1258 deed, when it was part of fragmented Piast-ruled Poland. ?ory is one of the oldest towns in Silesia, it was granted city rights according to Magdeburg Law on 24 February 1272 by Duke W?adys?aw of Opole. It remained part of the Upper Silesian Duchy of Opole, since 1327 a Bohemian fief, until in 1532 it was incorporated into the Lands of the Bohemian Crown. In 1645 along with the Duchy of Opole and Racibórz it returned to Poland under the House of Vasa, and in 1666 it fell back to Bohemia. In the 18th century, it was centre of cloth manufacturing, later of metal and machining industry.

After the First Silesian War it was annexed by Prussia in 1742, and from 1871 it was part of Germany. After World War I, in 1918, Poland regained independence, and upon the 1921 Upper Silesia plebiscite, ?ory passed to the Second Polish Republic, and was administratively part of the Silesian Voivodeship, though 69.4% of the citizens had voted for Germany.

?ory was the site of a battle between Poles and the invading Germans on the first day of World War II, September 1, 1939. Afterwards it was occupied by Nazi Germany. From 1942 to 1945, the Germans operated a Polenlager forced labour camp for Poles in the city.[2][3] Among its prisoners were children whose parents were either arrested or deported to Germany.[2] Poles expelled in 1942 from several villages and the town of Szczyrk were also temporarily held in the camp before deportation to forced labour to Germany.[4] In the final stages of the war, in January 1945, the Germans murdered 40 prisoners of the Auschwitz concentration camp in the city during a death march.[5] The city was conquered by Soviet and Czechoslovak troops in March 1945, the German population was expelled,[] and the city was restored to Poland.

Museum of Fire in ?ory

Districts

The town is subdivided into 15 districts.[6]

Education

Music school in ?ory

Sport

Notable people

Twin towns - sister cities

?ory is twinned with:[7]

References

  1. ^ "Population. Size and structure and vital statistics in Poland by territorial division in 2019. As of 30th June". stat.gov.pl. Statistics Poland. 2019-10-15. Retrieved .
  2. ^ a b Maria Wardzy?ska, Wysiedlenia ludno?ci polskiej z okupowanych ziem polskich wczonych do III Rzeszy w latach 1939-1945, IPN, Warszawa, 2017, p. 448 (in Polish)
  3. ^ "Polenlager Sohrau". Bundesarchiv.de (in German). Retrieved 2020.
  4. ^ Wardzy?ska, p. 452-453
  5. ^ "Szlakiem Marszów ?mierci". Miejsce Pami?ci i Muzeum Auschwitz-Birkenau (in Polish). Retrieved 2020.
  6. ^ "Dzielnice ?or" (in Polish). Retrieved .
  7. ^ "Miasta partnerskie". zory.pl (in Polish). ?ory. Retrieved .

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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