Svobody Square with town hall and Holy Trinity Column
|Region||Ústí nad Labem|
|o Mayor||Zde?ka Hamousová|
|o Total||42.68 km2 (16.48 sq mi)|
|Elevation||233 m (764 ft)|
|o Density||440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
?atec (Czech pronunciation: ['?a.t?t?s]; German: Saaz) is a town in Louny District in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 19,000 inhabitants. It lies on the Oh?e river. The town centre is well preserved and is protected by law as an urban monument reservation and partly as an urban monument zone.
?atec is famous for an over-700-year-long tradition of growing Saaz noble hops used by several breweries.
Villages of Bezd?kov, Mil?eves, Radí?eves, Trnovany, Velichov and Záho?í are administrative parts of ?atec.
The first written mention of ?atec is in the Latin chronicle of Thietmar of Merseburg of 1004. In 1248, ?atec is firstly titled as a town. In 1265, it received the privileges of a royal town from King Ottokar II of Bohemia.
From the outbreak of the Hussite Wars in 1419 to the Thirty Years' War, the town was Hussite or Protestant, but after the Battle of White Mountain (1620) the greater part of the Czech inhabitants left the town. It remained German and Roman Catholic until 1945, when the German speaking inhabitants were expelled to Germany. On June 3, 1945 about 5,000 German inhabitants were gathered on the Market place and marched to Postoloprty, where at least 763 were murdered in the Postoloprty massacre, estimates range up to 2,000 victims killed by Czechoslovak military in ?atec and on the March.
?atec hosts Do?esná, its hops-related harvest festival every September on the town square.
Since 1961, the historic core of ?atec has been protected as an urban monument reservation. It is a collection of important buildings and architectural styles from the Romanesque period to the Art Nouveau.
Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary is one of the most significant monuments. it was originally built in Romanesque style and some of its Romanesque parts are still preserved. In 1724-1728, the Chapel of Saint John of Nepomuk was added. Around 1740, the west façade was reconstructed into the Baroque style.
The hop-growing and brewing tradition is widely presented by the town. There are Hop Museum and Brewing Museum. The Temple of Hops and Beer is a tourist complex with several attractions, including a lookout tower and a small astronomical clock.
?atec was used as a filming location for many historical films and TV series, including Yentl (1983), The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles (1992), Les Misérables (1998), The Scarlet Pimpernel (1999), Oliver Twist (1999), Burning Bush (2013), The Zookeeper's Wife (2016), and Oscar-winning Jojo Rabbit (2018).