|The Cyrillic script|
El (? ?; italics: ? ?) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
In some typefaces the Cyrillic letter El has a grapheme which may be confused with the Cyrillic letter Pe (). Note that Pe has a straight left leg, without the hook. An alternative form of El (? ?) is more common in Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, and Serbian.
The Cyrillic letter El was derived from the Greek letter lambda (? ?).
In the Early Cyrillic alphabet its name was (ljudije), meaning "people".
In the Cyrillic numeral system, ? had a value of 30.
As used in the alphabets of various languages, El represents the following sounds:
The /l/ phoneme in Slavic languages has two realizations: hard ([l], , or [l?], exact pronunciation varies) and soft (pronounced as [l?]) - see palatalization for details. Serbian and Macedonian orthographies use a separate letter ? for the soft /l/ - it looks as a ligature of El with the soft sign (?). In these languages, ⟨?⟩ denotes only hard /l/. Pronunciation of hard /l/ is sometimes given as [l], but it is always more velar than [l] in French or German.
Slavic languages except Serbian and Macedonian use another orthographic convention to distinguish between hard and soft /l/, so ⟨?⟩ can denote either variant depending on the subsequent letter.
The pronunciations shown in the table are the primary ones for each language.
|Unicode name||CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EL||CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EL|
|UTF-8||208 155||D0 9B||208 187||D0 BB|
|Numeric character reference||Л
|Named character reference||Л||л|
|KOI8-R and KOI8-U||236||EC||204||CC|
|Code page 855||209||D1||208||D0|
|Code page 866||139||8B||171||AB|