1040s
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1040s

The 1040s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1040, and ended on December 31, 1049.

Events

1040


By place

Europe
Britain
Islamic world

By topic

Religion

1041

By place

Byzantine Empire
Europe
England
  • Edward the Confessor returns to England from exile in Normandy, to become the heir of his half-brother Harthacnut, as king of England. He reduces the navy from 60 to 32 ships, due to the tax burden.
  • The city of Worcester rebels against the taxes of Harthacnut. Edward enlists the help of Earl Godwin of Wessex (to support him in the right to claim the English throne) and marries his daughter Edith.
Africa
Asia
  • The number of enlisted soldiers in the Song Dynasty Chinese military reaches well over 1,250,000 troops, an increase since 1022, when there were a million soldiers (approximate date).

1042

By place

Byzantine Empire
  • April 19 – Emperor Michael V Kalaphates banishes his adoptive mother and co-ruler Zoë, for plotting to poison him, to the island of Principo. His announcement as sole emperor leads to a popular revolt.
  • April 20 – Zoë is proclaimed as empress at an assembly in Hagia Sophia along with her sister Theodora as co-ruler. Michael V flees to the monastery of Stoudios but is arrested, blinded and castrated.
  • Zoë recalls Synodianos, governor of the Catepanate of Italy, and replaces him with George Maniakes (the disgraced head of the Sicilian campaign). All of Apulia is in the hands of the Lombard rebels.
  • June 11 – Zoë marries (her third husband), a Byzantine bureaucrat who ascends as co-emperor Constantine IX at Constantinople. Theodora agrees to surrender her co-emperorship.
  • Summer – George Maniakes goes on a march through Apulia, plundering the towns that have declared for the Lombard rebels. Constantine IX recalls Maniakes to Constantinople.
  • George Maniakes revolts against Constantine IX and is declared emperor by his troops. He captures Pardos who has landed with an army at Otranto to take over his command.
  • Byzantine-Arab War: The Byzantines reconquer the fortress city of Edessa (modern Turkey). Returning it to Christian hands, after 400 years of Islamic rule (approximate date).
  • Duklja secures its independence from the Byzantine Empire.
Europe
England
Islamic world

1043

By place

Byzantine Empire
Europe
England
Arabian Empire
Africa
Asia

1044

By place

Europe
Asia

By topic

Religion

1045

1046

By place

Europe
Britain
Asia
  • Bao Zheng (Lord Bao), a Chinese government officer during the reign of Emperor Ren Zong of the Song Dynasty, writes a memorial to the throne. He warns about governmental corruption - and a foreseeable bankruptcy of the Chinese iron industry - if increasingly poorer families continued to be listed on the register for iron-smelting households (while rich households avoid being listed for fear of financial calamity). Apparently the government heeds the warning, and produces more iron products by the year 1078 than China ever had before.
  • Munjong is crowned the 11th king of Goryeo (Korea).

By topic

Exploration
Religion

1047

By place

Byzantine Empire
Europe

By topic

Religion

1048

By place

Byzantine Empire
  • September 18Battle of Kapetron: A combined Byzantine-Georgian army under Byzantine generals Aaronios and Katakalon Kekaumenos (supported by the Georgian duke Liparit IV), confronts the invading Seljuk Turks, led by Ibrahim Inal (a half-brother of Sultan Tughril), at Kapetron (near modern-day Pasinler). The Byzantines defeat their opposing Turkish forces in the flanks, but in the centre Ibrahim Inal captures Liparit, and is able to safely withdraw from Byzantine territory, laden with spoils and captives, including Liparit.[35]
  • Winter – Emperor Constantine IX sends an embassy with gifts and a ransom, for the release of Liparit IV to Tughril. However, the sultan sets Liparit free, on condition that he will never again fight the Seljuks.
Europe
England

By topic

Religion

1049

By place

Byzantine Empire
Europe
British Isles
Africa
Asia

By topic

Religion

Significant people

Births

1040

1041

1042

1043

1044

1045

1046

1047

1048

1049

Deaths

1040

1041

1042

1043

1044

1045

1046

1047

1048

1049


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1040s
 



 



 
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