All 519 seats in the Bundestag
260 seats needed for a majority
Results by constituency for the first votes. Grey denotes seats won by the CDU/CSU; red denotes seats won by the SPD.
Federal elections were held in West Germany on 5 October 1980 to elect the members of the ninth Bundestag. Although the CDU/CSU remained the largest faction in parliament, Helmut Schmidt of the Social Democratic Party remained Chancellor.
Chancellor Helmut Schmidt of the SPD-FDP coalition wanted to be re-elected. The CDU/CSU tried to make their candidate the elected Chancellor, CSU leader Franz Josef Strauß. It was the first time that their candidate was from the CSU. Strauß, immensely popular in Bavaria, found it difficult to appeal to people in other parts of Germany. One important reason for Strauss's unpopularity compared to Federal Chancellor Helmut Schmidt, was his tendency to talk sharply and militantly about his political opponents. Schmidt, by contrast, was still seen by many West German voters as a moderate and practical manager and doer, who focused on getting concrete political and economic results more than on political rhetoric (see, for example, Erling Bjöl, Grimberg's History of the Nations, volume 22: From Peace to the Cold War, Helsinki: WSOY, 1984, pages 495, 497-499; Bjöl, Grimberg's History of the Nations, volume 23: The Rich West, Helsinki: WSOY, 1985, pages 353-356; Dennis L. Bark and David R. Gress, A History of West Germany: Volume 2: Democracy and Its Discontents, 1963-1988, "The Era of Macher [Doer]," London, UK: Basil Blackwell, 1989).
|Parties||Constituency||Party list||Total seats|
|Social Democratic Party (SPD)||16,808,861||44.5||+0.8||127||+13||16,260,677||42.9||+0.3||91||-9||228||+4||43.9|
|Christian Democratic Union (CDU)||13,467,207||35.6||-2.7||81||-13||12,989,200||34.2||-3.8||93||-3||185||-16||35.6|
|Free Democratic Party (FDP)||2,720,480||7.2||+0.8||0||±0||4,030,999||10.6||+2.7||53||+14||54||+14||10.4|
|Christian Social Union (CSU)||3,941,365||10.4||-0.2||40||±0||3,908,459||10.3||-0.3||12||-1||52||-1||10.0|
|German Communist Party (DKP)||107,158||0.3||-0.2||0||±0||71,600||0.2||-0.1||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|National Democratic Party (NPD)||-||-||-||-||-||68,096||0.2||-0.1||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|People's Front Against Reaction, Fascism and War (V)||7,160||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||9,319||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|Communist League of West Germany (KBW)||12,008||0.0||-0.1||0||±0||8,174||0.0||-0.1||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|European Workers' Party (EAP)||4,992||0.0||±0||0||±0||7,666||0.0||±0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|Christian Bavarian People's Party (CBV)||-||-||-||-||-||3,946||0.0||±0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|Independent Workers' Party (UAP)||159||0.0||±0||0||±0||-||-||-||-||-||0||±0||0|
|Electoral groups and independents||3,498||0.0||±0||0||±0||-||-||-||-||-||0||±0||0|
|Source: Federal Returning Officer|
The coalition between the SPD and the FDP returned to government, with Helmut Schmidt as Chancellor. In 1982, the FDP quit the government, which led to the government's collapse and replacement with a new CDU/CSU - FDP coalition under Helmut Kohl.