2002 German Federal Election
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2002 German Federal Election

2002 German federal election

← 1998 22 September 2002 (2002-09-22) 2005 →

All 603 seats in the Bundestag
302 seats needed for a majority
Registered61,432,868 Increase 1.1%
Turnout48,582,761 (79.1%) Decrease 3.1 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Gerhardschroeder01.jpg Edmund Stoiber 2.jpg Fischer und Paul Wolfowitz (Headshot).jpg
Leader Gerhard Schröder Edmund Stoiber Joschka Fischer
Party SPD CDU/CSU Green
Leader since 12 March 1999 11 January 2002[a]
Leader's seat Lower Saxony Bavaria[b] Hesse
Last election 40.9%, 298 seats 35.1%, 245 seats 6.7%, 47 seats
Seats won 251 248 55
Seat change Decrease 47 Increase 3 Increase 8
Popular vote 18,488,668 18,482,641 4,110,355
Percentage 38.5% 38.5% 8.6%
Swing Decrease 2.4 pp Increase 3.3 pp Increase 1.9 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Guido Westerwelle 2007 (cropped).jpg Foto von Gabi Zimmer.jpg
Leader Guido Westerwelle Gabi Zimmer[c]
Party FDP PDS
Leader since 4 May 2001 14 October 2000
Leader's seat North Rhine-Westphalia
Last election 6.2%, 43 seats 5.1%, 36 seats
Seats won 47 2
Seat change Increase 4 Decrease 34
Popular vote 3,538,815 1,916,702
Percentage 7.4% 4.0%
Swing Increase 1.2 pp Decrease 1.1 pp

2002 German federal election - Results by constituency.svg
The left side shows constituency winners of the election by their party colours. The right side shows Party list winners of the election for the additional members by their party colours.

Government before election

First Schröder cabinet
SPD-Green

Government after election

Second Schröder cabinet
SPD-Green

The 2002 German federal election was held on 22 September 2002 to elect the members of the 15th Bundestag. Incumbent Chancellor Gerhard Schröder's centre-left "red-green" governing coalition retained a narrow majority, and the SPD retained their status as the largest party in the Bundestag by three seats.

Issues and campaign

Several issues dominated the campaign, with the opposition CDU/CSU attacking the government's performance on the economy which fell back into recession due to the Telecoms crash and the introduction of the euro, as well as campaigning on family values and against taxes (particularly on fuel). The SPD and Greens, on the other hand, were helped by broad support for its opposition to an invasion of Iraq, continued media attention on the CDU funding scandal and by Gerhard Schröder's personal popularity relative to the opposition's candidate for Chancellor, CSU leader Edmund Stoiber. The SPD was boosted by Schröder's swift response to the August floods in eastern Germany, as compared to Stoiber, whose response was panned.[1][2]

With Guido Westerwelle, leader of the Free Democrats, the FDP presented a Chancellor candidate for the first time, usually a title reserved for the main election leaders of the SPD and CDU/CSU. This was met with general derision.

Opinion polling

Polling firm Fieldwork date Sample
size
SPD Union Grüne FDP PDS Others Lead
2002 federal election 22 September 2002 48,582,761 38.52 38.51 8.56 7.37 3.99 3.05 0.01
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 9-12 September 2002 1,326 40.0 37.0 7.0 7.5 4.5 4.0 3.0
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 2-5 September 2002 1,476 38 38 7 8 4 5 Tie
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 26-29 August 2002 1,254 38 39 7 8 4 4 1
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 19-22 August 2002 1,292 38 39 7 9 4 3 1
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 12-15 August 2002 1,068 36 41 7 9 4 3 5
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 5-8 August 2002 1,106 36 41 6 9 5 3 5
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 22-25 July 2002 1,262 36 41 6 9 5 3 5
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 8-11 July 2002 1,031 37 40 6 8 5 4 3
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 24-27 June 2002 1,281 36 39 7 9 5 4 3
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 10-13 June 2002 1,018 35 39 7 10 5 4 4
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 24-29 May 2002 1,312 35 40 6 9 5 5 5
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 6-9 May 2002 1,014 36 41 6 8 5 4 5
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 22-25 April 2002 1,287 36 41 6 8 5 4 5
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 8-11 April 2002 1,000 36 41 6 8 5 4 5
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 18-21 March 2002 1,274 36 40 6 8 6 4 4
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 4-7 March 2002 1,050 37 41 5 8 5 4 4
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 18-21 February 2002 1,191 38 40 5 8 5 4 2
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 4-7 February 2002 1,027 39 40 4 8 6 3 1
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 14-17 January 2002 1,306 38 40 5 7 6 4 2
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 8-10 January 2002 1,038 39 39 5 7 6 4 Tie
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 10-13 December 2001 1,254 41 37 5 7 6 4 4
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 12-14 November 2001 1,098 41 38 5 7 6 3 3
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 8-11 October 2001 1,250 41 38 5 7 5 4 3
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 12-13 September 2001 1,031 40 38 5 7 5 5 2
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 20-23 August 2001 1,245 39 37 6 8 5 5 2
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 16-19 July 2001 1,224 41 35 5 9 5 5 6
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 18-21 June 2001 1,237 41 36 5 8 5 5 5
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 14-17 May 2001 1,266 41 36 5 8 5 5 5
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 2-5 April 2001 1,264 41 38 6 6 5 4 3
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 12-15 March 2001 1,264 42 37 6 6 5 4 5
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 12-15 February 2001 1,207 43 36 5 7 5 4 7
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 15-18 January 2001 1,276 41 38 6 6 5 4 3
Allensbach 20 December 2000 - 38.1 35.2 7.4 9.6 6.0 3.7 2.9
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 11-14 December 2000 1,271 41 38 6 6 5 4 3
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 13-16 November 2000 1,259 41 38 6 6 5 4 3
Allensbach 15 November 2000 - 37.8 33.8 7.4 9.6 6.1 5.3 4.0
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 16-19 October 2000 1,294 41 37 6 6 5 5 4
Allensbach 18 October 2000 - 38.0 34.0 6.9 9.5 6.0 5.6 4.0
Allensbach 27 September 2000 - 39.0 33.1 7.4 9.8 6.2 4.5 5.9
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 18-21 September 2000 1,174 40 38 6 6 5 5 2
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 21-24 August 2000 1,219 42 36 6 7 5 4 6
Allensbach 16 August 2000 - 39.0 32.4 6.9 10.1 6.3 5.3 6.6
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 24-27 July 2000 1,255 40 38 5 7 5 5 2
Allensbach 19 July 2000 - 37.1 32.3 7.1 11.5 6.8 5.2 4.8
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 23 June 2000 - 38 39 6 7 5 5 1
Allensbach 14 June 2000 - 35.9 33.0 7.9 11.1 6.5 5.6 2.9
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 19 May 2000 - 40 37 6 7 5 5 3
Allensbach 19 April 2000 - 38.6 32.0 8.4 8.4 7.1 5.5 6.6
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 14 April 2000 - 42 36 6 6 5 5 6
Allensbach 22 March 2000 - 39.8 31.3 8.5 7.9 7.1 5.4 8.5
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 17 March 2000 - 43 35 6 6 5 5 8
Allensbach 23 February 2000 - 40.3 31.3 8.0 7.7 6.7 6.0 9.0
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 18 February 2000 - 42 35 7 6 6 4 7
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 21 January 2000 - 39 40 6 5 6 4 1
Allensbach 19 January 2000 - 36.9 37.8 7.5 6.3 6.5 5.0 0.9
Infratest dimap 24 December 1999 - 35 43 6 5 7 4 8
Infratest dimap 18 December 1999 - 35 45 6 5 6 3 10
Emnid 17 December 1999 - 37 39 7 5 6 6 2
Forsa 16 December 1999 - 37 42 6 5 6 4 5
Allensbach 15 December 1999 - 32.3 41.6 7.5 6.4 7.1 5.1 9.3
Infratest dimap 11 December 1999 - 34 45 7 5 5 4 11
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 10 December 1999 - 36 45 5 4 6 4 9
Emnid 10 December 1999 - 36 40 6 5 7 7 4
Forsa 9 December 1999 - 34 45 6 5 6 4 11
Infratest dimap 4 December 1999 - 32 47 5 5 6 5 15
Emnid 3 December 1999 - 33 44 5 5 7 6 11
Forsa 2 December 1999 - 34 45 5 4 7 5 11
Infratest dimap 27 November 1999 - 31 48 5 4 7 5 17
Emnid 26 November 1999 - 32 46 5 4 7 6 14
Forsa 25 November 1999 - 33 47 5 4 7 4 14
Infratest dimap 20 November 1999 - 31 48 6 5 6 4 17
Emnid 19 November 1999 - 32 45 6 4 7 6 13
Forsa 18 November 1999 - 33 46 6 4 6 5 13
Allensbach 17 November 1999 - 30.4 44.7 6.9 6.9 6.8 4.3 14.3
Infratest dimap 13 November 1999 - 30 49 6 5 6 4 19
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 12 November 1999 - 33 48 5 4 6 4 15
Emnid 12 November 1999 - 32 45 6 4 7 6 13
Forsa 11 November 1999 - 32 45 5 5 7 6 13
Infratest dimap 6 November 1999 - 30 49 6 5 6 5 19
Emnid 5 November 1999 - 33 45 5 4 7 6 12
Forsa 4 November 1999 - 31 47 5 4 7 6 16
Infratest dimap 30 October 1999 - 30 49 5 5 8 3 19
Emnid 29 October 1999 - 33 45 5 4 7 6 12
Forsa 28 October 1999 - 34 44 5 4 8 5 10
Infratest dimap 23 October 1999 - 30 48 6 5 8 3 18
Emnid 22 October 1999 - 33 47 6 4 7 3 14
Forsa 21 October 1999 - 33 44 5 4 8 6 11
Infratest dimap 16 October 1999 - 31 48 6 5 7 3 17
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 15 October 1999 - 33 47 6 4 6 4 14
Emnid 15 October 1999 - 32 46 5 5 6 6 14
Forsa 14 October 1999 - 33 43 6 4 8 6 10
Allensbach 13 October 1999 - 30.8 44.5 6.8 5.9 7.2 4.8 13.7
Infratest dimap 9 October 1999 - 31 48 6 5 7 3 17
Emnid 8 October 1999 - 35 44 6 4 6 5 9
Forsa 7 October 1999 - 34 43 6 4 7 6 9
Infratest dimap 2 October 1999 - 31 48 6 4 7 4 17
Emnid 1 October 1999 - 34 44 5 5 7 5 10
Forsa 30 September 1999 - 33 45 6 5 6 5 12
Infratest dimap 25 September 1999 - 31 48 6 5 7 3 17
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 24 September 1999 - 34 47 5 5 5 4 13
Emnid 24 September 1999 - 33 45 5 5 6 6 12
Forsa 23 September 1999 - 32 46 6 5 6 5 14
Infratest dimap 18 September 1999 - 32 47 6 5 6 4 15
Emnid 17 September 1999 - 35 44 6 4 6 5 9
Forsa 16 September 1999 - 31 47 6 5 7 4 16
Allensbach 15 September 1999 - 32.9 42.0 7.2 6.6 7.0 4.3 9.1
Infratest dimap 11 September 1999 - 33 46 6 5 5 5 13
Emnid 10 September 1999 - 35 43 6 5 6 5 8
Forsa 9 September 1999 - 31 48 5 5 7 4 17
Infratest dimap 4 September 1999 - 32 46 7 6 5 4 14
Emnid 3 September 1999 - 35 43 5 6 6 5 8
Forsa 2 September 1999 - 33 45 7 5 6 4 12
Infratest dimap 28 August 1999 - 32 47 6 5 6 4 15
Emnid 27 August 1999 - 35 42 6 6 6 5 7
Forsa 26 August 1999 - 32 47 6 5 6 4 15
Infratest dimap 21 August 1999 - 32 47 6 5 6 4 15
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 20 August 1999 - 36 45 5 5 5 4 9
Emnid 20 August 1999 - 35 43 6 5 6 5 8
Forsa 19 August 1999 - 34 45 5 5 7 4 11
Allensbach 18 August 1999 - 32.6 42.2 7.4 6.6 6.0 5.2 9.6
Infratest dimap 14 August 1999 - 33 46 6 5 6 4 13
Emnid 13 August 1999 - 35 43 6 5 6 5 8
Forsa 12 August 1999 - 33 46 5 5 6 5 13
Infratest dimap 7 August 1999 - 33 46 6 5 6 4 13
Emnid 6 August 1999 - 35 43 6 5 5 6 8
Forsa 5 August 1999 - 34 44 6 6 6 4 10
Infratest dimap 31 July 1999 - 33 45 7 5 6 4 12
Emnid 30 July 1999 - 36 43 6 6 5 4 7
Forsa 29 July 1999 - 33 46 5 6 6 5 13
Infratest dimap 24 July 1999 - 33 45 7 5 6 4 12
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 23 July 1999 - 38 44 5 5 5 3 6
Emnid 23 July 1999 - 36 42 6 4 6 6 6
Forsa 22 July 1999 - 32 46 5 6 6 5 14
Allensbach 21 July 1999 - 32.6 43.3 6.7 7.0 5.9 4.5 10.7
Infratest dimap 17 July 1999 - 34 44 6 5 6 5 10
Emnid 16 July 1999 - 37 43 5 5 6 4 6
Forsa 15 July 1999 - 32 45 5 7 6 5 13
Infratest dimap 10 July 1999 - 35 44 6 5 5 5 9
Emnid 9 July 1999 - 36 42 5 4 6 6 6
Forsa 8 July 1999 - 33 45 6 5 6 5 12
Infratest dimap 3 July 1999 - 33 45 6 5 6 5 12
Emnid 2 July 1999 - 36 43 5 5 5 6 7
Forsa 1 July 1999 - 33 46 6 5 5 5 13
Infratest dimap 26 June 1999 - 33 45 6 5 6 5 12
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 25 June 1999 - 38 44 5 5 4 4 6
Emnid 25 June 1999 - 37 42 5 5 5 6 5
Forsa 24 June 1999 - 32 45 6 5 6 6 13
Infratest dimap 19 June 1999 - 33 46 7 5 5 4 13
Emnid 18 June 1999 - 37 41 5 6 5 6 4
Forsa 17 June 1999 - 34 45 6 4 6 5 11
Allensbach 16 June 1999 - 35.6 39.7 6.6 7.7 5.8 4.6 4.1
1999 European election 13 June 1999 27,468,932 30.7 48.7 6.4 3.0 5.8 5.4 18.0
Infratest dimap 12 June 1999 - 37 43 6 5 5 4 6
Emnid 11 June 1999 - 39 41 6 6 5 3 2
Forsa 10 June 1999 - 34 44 6 5 5 6 10
Infratest dimap 5 June 1999 - 34 45 6 5 6 4 11
Emnid 4 June 1999 - 37 41 6 6 5 5 4
Forsa 3 June 1999 - 34 44 5 6 6 5 10
Infratest dimap 29 May 1999 - 36 43 6 5 6 3 7
Emnid 28 May 1999 - 38 40 6 5 6 5 2
Forsa 27 May 1999 - 35 43 5 6 6 5 8
Infratest dimap 22 May 1999 - 35 44 7 5 6 3 9
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 21 May 1999 - 40 42 5 5 4 4 2
Emnid 21 May 1999 - 39 40 6 5 6 5 1
Forsa 20 May 1999 - 33 43 6 6 6 6 10
Allensbach 19 May 1999 - 37.3 36.8 7.8 7.0 5.9 5.2 0.5
Infratest dimap 15 May 1999 - 36 44 6 5 5 4 9
Emnid 14 May 1999 - 38 40 6 6 5 5 2
Forsa 12 May 1999 - 34 43 6 6 6 5 9
Infratest dimap 8 May 1999 - 37 42 6 5 6 4 5
Emnid 7 May 1999 - 39 40 6 5 6 5 1
Forsa 6 May 1999 - 35 42 6 6 6 5 7
Infratest dimap 1 May 1999 - 37 42 5 5 6 5 5
Emnid 30 April 1999 - 39 39 6 5 5 6 Tie
Forsa 29 April 1999 - 37 42 6 6 5 4 5
Infratest dimap 24 April 1999 - 35 43 6 5 6 5 8
Emnid 23 April 1999 - 40 39 6 5 5 5 1
Forsa 22 April 1999 - 38 41 5 6 6 4 3
Infratest dimap 17 April 1999 - 36 43 6 5 6 4 7
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 16 April 1999 - 41 41 5 5 4 4 Tie
Emnid 16 April 1999 - 39 40 6 5 5 5 1
Forsa 15 April 1999 - 37 42 6 5 6 4 5
Allensbach 14 April 1999 - 37.6 37.9 6.5 7.5 5.5 5.0 0.3
Infratest dimap 10 April 1999 - 35 43 6 5 6 5 8
Emnid 9 April 1999 - 38 40 6 5 6 5 2
Forsa 8 April 1999 - 37 43 6 4 5 5 6
Infratest dimap 3 April 1999 - 36 43 6 5 6 4 7
Forsa 1 April 1999 - 34 44 6 5 6 5 10
Infratest dimap 27 March 1999 - 36 43 7 5 6 3 7
Emnid 26 March 1999 - 38 40 6 6 5 5 2
Forsa 25 March 1999 - 34 44 7 5 6 4 10
Infratest dimap 20 March 1999 - 38 43 6 5 5 3 5
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 19 March 1999 - 41 41 5 5 4 4 Tie
Emnid 19 March 1999 - 39 41 6 5 5 6 2
Forsa 18 March 1999 - 35 43 7 5 5 5 8
Allensbach 17 March 1999 - 37.0 38.7 6.8 7.4 5.7 4.4 1.7
Infratest dimap 13 March 1999 - 38 42 6 5 5 4 4
Emnid 12 March 1999 - 39 40 6 6 5 4 1
Forsa 11 March 1999 - 37 42 7 5 5 4 5
Infratest dimap 6 March 1999 - 38 41 6 5 5 5 3
Emnid 5 March 1999 - 39 40 6 5 5 5 1
Forsa 4 March 1999 - 38 41 6 5 5 5 3
Infratest dimap 27 February 1999 - 40 41 6 5 4 4 1
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 26 February 1999 - 42 39 6 4 4 5 3
Emnid 26 February 1999 - 39 40 6 6 5 4 1
Forsa 25 February 1999 - 37 42 6 6 4 5 5
Infratest dimap 20 February 1999 - 39 41 6 5 5 4 2
Emnid 19 February 1999 - 40 40 6 5 5 4 Tie
Forsa 18 February 1999 - 38 41 6 5 5 5 3
Infratest dimap 13 February 1999 - 38 41 6 5 5 5 3
Emnid 12 February 1999 - 40 38 6 5 5 6 2
Forsa 11 February 1999 - 38 40 6 6 5 5 2
Infratest dimap 6 February 1999 - 40 39 7 5 5 4 1
Emnid 5 February 1999 - 41 37 7 5 5 5 4
Forsa 4 February 1999 - 39 39 6 6 5 5 Tie
Infratest dimap 30 January 1999 - 41 39 6 5 4 5 2
Emnid 29 January 1999 - 39 38 7 6 5 5 1
Forsa 28 January 1999 - 39 39 7 5 5 5 Tie
Infratest dimap 23 January 1999 - 40 40 6 5 5 4 Tie
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 22 January 1999 - 44 37 6 4 4 5 7
Emnid 22 January 1999 - 40 38 6 5 5 6 2
Forsa 21 January 1999 - 39 38 7 5 5 6 1
Infratest dimap 16 January 1999 - 41 39 7 6 4 3 2
Emnid 15 January 1999 - 41 36 7 6 6 4 5
Forsa 14 January 1999 - 39 37 7 5 6 6 2
Infratest dimap 9 January 1999 - 41 39 7 5 4 4 2
Emnid 8 January 1999 - 40 37 6 6 5 6 3
Forsa 7 January 1999 - 39 37 7 5 5 7 2
Emnid 2 January 1999 - 41 37 6 6 5 5 4
Infratest dimap 19 December 1998 - 40 38 8 5 5 4 2
Emnid 18 December 1998 - 40 37 6 5 5 7 3
Forsa 17 December 1998 - 40 37 6 5 5 7 3
Allensbach 16 December 1998 - 39.4 36.3 7.2 6.0 - - 3.1
Infratest dimap 12 December 1998 - 39 38 8 6 5 4 1
Emnid 11 December 1998 - 40 37 6 5 5 7 3
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 11 December 1998 - 44 36 7 4 4 5 8
Forsa 10 December 1998 - 38 39 6 5 6 6 1
Infratest dimap 5 December 1998 - 39 39 7 5 5 5 Tie
Emnid 4 December 1998 - 40 37 6 6 5 6 3
Forsa 3 December 1998 - 38 39 7 5 5 6 1
Infratest dimap 28 November 1998 - 42 37 7 5 5 4 5
Emnid 27 November 1998 - 39 36 7 6 5 6 3
Forsa 26 November 1998 - 38 38 7 5 5 7 Tie
Infratest dimap 21 November 1998 - 42 37 7 5 5 4 5
Emnid 20 November 1998 - 40 37 6 5 5 7 3
Forsa 19 November 1998 - 39 37 7 6 6 5 2
Infratest dimap 14 November 1998 - 41 37 7 6 5 4 4
Emnid 13 November 1998 - 42 35 6 6 5 6 7
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 13 November 1998 - 44 35 7 4 4 6 9
Forsa 12 November 1998 - 39 38 6 6 6 5 1
Infratest dimap 7 November 1998 - 42 37 7 5 5 4 5
Emnid 6 November 1998 - 41 36 6 5 5 7 5
Forsa 5 November 1998 - 39 38 7 6 5 5 1
Infratest dimap 31 October 1998 - 41 36 7 6 5 5 5
Emnid 30 October 1998 - 39 37 7 6 5 6 2
Forsa 29 October 1998 - 39 39 6 6 5 5 Tie
Infratest dimap 24 October 1998 - 40 36 8 7 5 4 4
Emnid 23 October 1998 - 42 35 6 6 5 6 7
Infratest dimap 17 October 1998 - 40 36 8 7 5 4 4
Emnid 16 October 1998 - 41 35 6 6 5 7 6
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen 16 October 1998 - 44 35 6 5 4 6 9
Infratest dimap 10 October 1998 - 42 36 7 6 5 4 6
Emnid 9 October 1998 - 42 35 6 6 5 6 7
Infratest dimap 2 October 1998 - 41 36 7 6 5 5 5
1998 federal election 27 September 1998 49,947,087 40.93 35.14 6.70 6.25 5.10 5.88 5.79

Results

Although most opposition parties gained seats, and the result was in doubt for most of the election night, the governing coalition retained a narrow majority. In particular, the SPD was able to partially offset declines in their vote share in the West with an increase in the East, with the PDS falling below both the 5% threshold and the 3-seat threshold, either of which is required to qualify a party for top-up seats. Consequently, the PDS held only two directly-elected seats.

Summary of the 22 September 2002 German Bundestag election results
Germany Bundestag 2002.svg
Parties Constituency Party list Total seats
Votes % +/- Seats +/- Votes % +/- Seats +/- Seats +/- %
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 20,059,967 41.9 -1.9 171 -41 18,488,668 38.5 -2.4 80 -6 251 -47 41.6
Christian Democratic Union (CDU)[d] 15,336,512 32.1 -0.1 82 +8 14,167,561 29.5 +1.1 108 -16 190 -8 31.5
Christian Social Union (CSU)[d] 4,311,178 9.0 +1.7 43 +5 4,315,080 9.0 +2.2 15 +6 58 +11 9.6
Alliance 90/The Greens (GRÜNE) 2,693,794 5.6 +0.6 1 +1 4,110,355 8.6 +1.9 54 +7 55 +8 9.1
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 2,752,796 5.8 +2.8 0 ±0 3,538,815 7.4 +1.2 47 +4 47 +4 7.8
Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS) 2,079,203 4.3 -0.6 2 -2 1,916,702 4.0 -1.1 0 -32 2 -34 0.3
Party for a Rule of Law Offensive (Schill party) 120,330 0.3 +0.3 0 ±0 400,476 0.8 +0.8 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
The Republicans (REP) 55,947 0.1 -0.5 0 ±0 280,671 0.6 -1.2 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
National Democratic Party (NPD) 103,209 0.2 +0.1 0 ±0 215,232 0.4 +0.1 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Human Environment Animal Protection 8,858 0.0 ±0.0 0 ±0 159,655 0.3 ±0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
The Grays - Gray Panthers (GRAUE) 75,490 0.2 -0.1 0 ±0 114,224 0.2 -0.1 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Party of Bible-abiding Christians (PBC) 71,106 0.1 ±0.0 0 ±0 101,645 0.2 +0.1 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Ecological Democratic Party (ÖDP) 56,593 0.1 -0.2 0 ±0 56,898 0.1 -0.1 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Feminist Party (DIE FRAUEN) 2,264 0.0 ±0.0 0 ±0 36,832 0.1 ±0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Family Party (FAMILIE) 15,138 0.0 ±0.0 0 ±0 30,045 0.1 ±0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Civil Rights Movement Solidarity (BüSo) 22,531 0.0 ±0.0 0 ±0 16,958 0.0 ±0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Christian Centre (CM) 2,413 0.0 ±0.0 0 ±0 15,440 0.0 ±0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Bavaria Party (BP) 6,757 0.0 ±0.0 0 ±0 9,379 0.0 ±0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Party for Pension Justice and Family (PRG) 4,363 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 7,499 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Departure for Civil Rights, Freedom and Health (AUFBRUCH) 2,895 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 4,697 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Centre Party (ZENTRUM) 1,823 0.0 ±0.0 0 ±0 3,127 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Humanist Party (HP) 1,385 0.0 ±0.0 0 ±0 2,485 0.0 ±0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
The Violets (DIE VIOLETTEN) 840 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 2,412 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
Communist Party of Germany (KPD) 686 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 1,624 0.0 +0.0 0 ±0 0 ±0 0
German Social Union (DSU) 6,003 0.0 ±0.0 0 ±0 - - - - - 0 ±0 0
German Communist Party (DKP) 3,953 0.0 ±0.0 0 ±0 - - - - - 0 ±0 0
Freedom Party (FP Deutschlands) 2,003 0.0 ±0.0 0 ±0 - - - - - 0 ±0 0
Alliance for Germany (Deutschland) 571 0.0 ±0.0 0 ±0 - - - - - 0 ±0 0
Electoral groups and independents 43,116 0.1 ±0.0 0 ±0 - - - - - 0 ±0 0
Valid votes 47,841,724 98.5 +0.1 - - 47,996,480 98.8 +0.1 - - - - -
Invalid/blank votes 741,037 1.5 -0.1 - - 586,281 1.2 -0.1 - - - - -
Total votes 48,582,761 100.0 ±0.0 299 -29 48,582,761 100.0 ±0.0 304 -37 603 -66 100.0
Registered voters/turnout 61,432,868 79.1 -3.1 - - 61,432,868 79.1 -3.1 - - - - -
Source: Bundeswahlleiter
?
251 55 248 47
SPD Grüne CDU/CSU FDP
Popular Vote
SPD
38.52%
CDU/CSU
38.51%
B'90/GRÜNE
8.56%
FDP
7.37%
PDS
3.99%
Other
3.05%
Bundestag seats
SPD
41.63%
CDU/CSU
41.13%
B'90/GRÜNE
9.12%
FDP
7.79%
PDS
0.33%
Seat results - SPD in red, Greens in green, PDS in purple, FDP in yellow, CDU/CSU in black

Post-election

The coalition between the SPD and the Greens continued in government with Gerhard Schröder as chancellor. However, due to the slim majority in the Bundestag, the governing coalition was not stable.

References

  1. ^ "Flooding makes a delight out of crisis for Schroder". The Irish Times. 24 August 2002. Retrieved 2021.
  2. ^ "Looking Back at the 2002 Election". dw.com. Retrieved 2021.

Further reading

Notes

  1. ^ Stoiber was endorsed as the CDU/CSU's Chancellor candidate on 11 January 2002, while Angela Merkel remained as CDU leader. Stoiber had served as leader of the CSU since 9 October 1999.
  2. ^ Stoiber was elected on the CSU's Bavaria list, but did not accept his mandate after the election.
  3. ^ Zimmer was federal chairwoman of the PDS. She was one of four lead candidates appointed by the party congress. The others were Roland Claus, Dietmar Bartsch, and Petra Pau.
  4. ^ a b The Christian Democratic Union and the Christian Social Union of Bavaria call themselves sister parties. They do not compete against each other in the same geographical regions and they form one group within the Bundestag.

Sources


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