2004 European Parliament Election
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2004 European Parliament Election

2004 European Parliament election

← 1999 10-13 June 2004 2009 →

All 732 seats to the European Parliament
367 seats needed for a majority
Turnout45.6% Decrease 4.2 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Pöttering, Hans-Gert-9757.jpg Schulz, Martin-2047.jpg GrahamWatsonMEPHead and Shoulders.jpg
Leader Hans-Gert Pöttering Martin Schulz Graham Watson
Party EPP PES ELDR
Alliance EPP-ED PES ALDE
Leader's seat Germany Germany South West England
Last election 233, 37.2% 180, 28.8% 50, 8.0%
Seats won
Seat change Increase40 Increase7 Increase43
Popular vote 52,567,771 43,327,099
Percentage 36.6% 25.3% 12.0%
Swing Decrease1.6% Decrease3.5% Increase4.0%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Europe Ecologie closing rally regional elections 2010-03-10 n14.jpg Francis Wurtz Front de Gauche 2009-03-08.jpg Nigel Farage MEP 1, Strasbourg - Diliff.jpg
Leader Daniel Cohn-Bendit
(pictured)
Monica Frassoni
Francis Wurtz Nigel Farage (pictured)
Jens-Peter Bonde
Party Green Left AEN
Alliance Greens/EFA GUE/NGL ID
Leader's seat Germany
North-West Italy
Île-de-France South East England
Denmark
Last election 48, 7.7% 42, 6.7% 16, 2.6%
Seats won
Seat change Increase5 Increase3 Increase18
Percentage 5.7% 5.6% 5.1%
Swing Decrease2.0% Decrease1.1% Increase3.5%

2004 EP election result by Member State.svg
The largest European Parliament group as elected by each Member State:


President of the European Parliament before election

Pat Cox
ELDR

President of the
European Parliament after election

Josep Borrell
PES

Elections to the European Parliament were held between 10 and 13 June 2004 in the 25 member states of the European Union, using varying election days according to local custom. The European Parliamental parties could not be voted for, but elected national parties aggregated in European Parliamental parties after the elections.

Votes were counted as the polls closed, but results were not announced until 13 and 14 June so results from one country would not influence voters in another where polls were still open; however, the Netherlands, voting on Thursday 10, announced nearly complete provisional results as soon as they were counted, on the evening of its election day, a move heavily criticized by the European Commission.

342 million people were eligible to vote, the second-largest democratic electorate in the world after India. It was the biggest transnational direct election in history, and the 10 new member states elected MEPs for the first time. The new (6th) Parliament consisted of 732 Members of the European Parliament (MEPs).

Results showed a general defeat of governing parties and an increase in representatives from eurosceptic parties. No majority was achieved. The balance of power in the Parliament remained the same (largest party EPP-ED, second largest PES) despite the 10 new member states.

Final results

Seats summary
EPP-ED
36.61%
PES
27.32%
ALDE
12.02%
G-EFA
5.74%
GUE/NGL
5.60%
ID
5.05%
UEN
3.69%
NI
3.96%

Statistics

European Parliament election, 2004 - Statistics
Area European Union (EU-25) Sources
Dates
  • Thursday 10 June: Netherlands, United Kingdom,
  • Friday 11 June: Czech Republic, Ireland
  • Saturday 12 June: Czech Republic, Italy, Latvia, Malta
  • Sunday 13 June: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden
[6]
Seats 732 [7][8]
Candidates over 14,600 [9]
Electorate 342 million [10] Archived 12 December 2007 at archive.today[11][12]
Turnout 45.6% [13]
Previous 1999 European Parliament election n/a
Next 2009 European Parliament election n/a
Election methods All proportional representation. [14]
Preference voting allowed?
  • Yes, via open list: Austria, Belgium, Lithuania, Luxembourg (with panachage), Netherlands, Slovenia, Slovakia, Sweden.
  • Yes, via STV: Ireland, Malta, United Kingdom (NI only)
  • No: the rest
[15][16][17]
Cutoff?
  • 5%: Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia
  • 4%: Austria, Sweden
  • 3%: Greece
  • none: the rest
[18][19][20]
Seat allocation [21][22][23][24][25]
Constituency boundaries
  • Member state subdivided into multiple constituencies: Belgium (3), France (8), Ireland (4), Italy (5), Poland (13), United Kingdom (12)
  • Mixture: Germany (candidate lists at Länder or national level)
  • Member state as single constituency: the rest
[26][27][28]
Minimum voting age 18 [29]
Presidential election [30]
European Parliament election, 2004 - Timeline
Fifth Parliament 2004 Election Regrouping Sixth Parliament
Groups Pre-enlargement
April 30
Pre-elections
May 5
Change Results
June 30
Change Results
July 20
New
Groups
First session
July 20
  EPP-ED 232 295 -16 279 -11 268   EPP-ED 268
  PES 175 232 -33 199 +1 200   PES 200
  ELDR 52 67 0 67 +21 88   ALDE 88
  G/EFA 45 47 -7 40 +2 42   G/EFA 42
  EUL-NGL 49 55 -16 39 +2 41   EUL-NGL 41
  EDD 18 18 -3 15 +22 37   ID 37
  NI 32 44 22 66 -37 29   NI 29
  UEN 23 30 -3 27 0 27   UEN 27
Total 626 788 -56 732 0 732 Total 732
Sources: [31][32][33][34][35][36][37][38][39]
European Parliament election, 2004 - Delegation at 20 July 2004
Group Description Details % MEPs
  EPP-ED Conservatives and Christian democrats Germany 49, Belgium 6, Denmark 1, France 17, Ireland 5, Italy 24, Luxembourg 3, Netherlands 7, UK 28, Greece 11, Spain 24, Portugal 9, Austria 6, Finland 4, Sweden 5, Cyprus 3, Estonia 1, Hungary 13, Latvia 3, Lithuania 2, Malta 2, Poland 19, Czech Republic 14, Slovakia 8, Slovenia 4 37% 268
  PES Social democrats Germany 23, Belgium 7, Denmark 5, France 31, Ireland 1, Italy 16, Luxembourg 1, Netherlands 7, UK 19, Greece 8, Spain 24, Portugal 12, Austria 7, Finland 3, Sweden 5, Estonia 3, Hungary 9, Lithuania 2, Malta 3, Poland 8, Czech Republic 2, Slovakia 3, Slovenia 1 27% 200
  ALDE Liberals and liberal democrats Germany 7, Belgium 6, Denmark 4, France 11, Ireland 1, Italy 12, Luxembourg 1, Netherlands 5, UK 12, Spain 2, Finland 5, Sweden 3, Cyprus 1, Estonia 2, Hungary 2, Latvia 1, Lithuania 7, Poland 4, Slovenia 2 12% 88
  G/EFA Greens and regionalists Germany 13, Belgium 2, Denmark 1, France 6, Italy 2, Luxembourg 1, Netherlands 4, UK 5, Spain 3, Austria 2, Finland 1, Sweden 1, Latvia 1 6% 42
  EUL/NGL Left-wing group Germany 7, Denmark 1, France 3, Ireland 1, Italy 7, Netherlands 2, UK 1, Greece 4, Spain 1, Portugal 3, Finland 1, Sweden 2, Cyprus 2, Czech Republic 6 6% 41
  IND/DEM Eurosceptics Denmark 1, France 3, Ireland 1, Italy 4, Netherlands 2, UK 11, Greece 1, Sweden 3, Poland 10, Czech Republic 1 5% 37
  NI Independents Belgium 3, France 7, Italy 4, UK 2, Austria 3, Poland 6, Czech Republic 1, Slovakia 3 4% 29
  UEN National conservatives Denmark 1, Ireland 4, Italy 9, Latvia 4, Lithuania 2, Poland 7 4% 27
Sources: [40] [41] [42] [43] 100% 732

Results by country

The national results as at 21 July 2004 are as follows:

Party group
Country
EPP-ED PES ELDR Greens-EFA EUL-NGL ID UEN others MEPs % Turnout
Austria 6 (ÖVP) 7 (SPÖ) 2 (GRÜNE) 2 (Martin)
1 (FPÖ)
18 2.5% 42.43%
Belgium 4 (CD&V/N-VA)
1 (CDH)
1 (CSP)
4 (PS)
3 (SP.A)
3 (VLD)
3 (MR)
1 (Groen!)
1 (Ecolo)
3 (VB) 24 3.3% 90.81%
Cyprus 2 (DISY)
1 (GTE)
1 (DIKO) 2 (AKEL) 6 0.8% 71.19%
Czech Republic 9 (ODS)
2 (SNK)[a]
2 (KDU-?SL)
1 (ED)[a]
2 (?SSD) 6 (KS?M) 1 (Ind.) 1 (Ind.) 24 3.3% 28.32%
Denmark 1 (C) 5 (S) 3 (V)
1 (B)
1 (SF) 1 (N) 1 (J) 1 (DF) 14 1.9% 47.9%
Estonia 1 (IL) 3 (SDE) 1 (K)
1 (ER)
6 0.8% 26.83%
Finland 4 (Kok.) 3 (SDP) 4 (Kesk.)
1 (SFP)
1 (Vihr.) 1 (VAS) 14 1.9% 41.1%
France 17 (UMP) 31 (PS) 11 (UDF) 6 (Verts) 3 (PCF) 3 (MPF) 7 (FN) 78 10.7% 42.76%
Germany 40 (CDU)
9 (CSU)
23 (SPD) 7 (FDP) 13 (GRÜNE) 7 (PDS) 99 13.5% 43.0%
Greece 11 (ND) 8 (PASOK) 3 (KKE)
1 (Synaspismós)
1 (LAOS) 24 3.3% 63.4%
Hungary 12 (FIDESZ)
1 (MDF)
9 (MSZP) 2 (SZDSZ) 24 3.3% 38.5%
Ireland 5 (FG) 1 (LAB) 1 (Ind.) 1 (SF) 1 (Ind.) 4 (FF) 13 1.8% 59.7%
Italy 16 (FI)
5 (UDC)
1 (SVP)
1 (UDEUR)
1 (PP)
12 (DS)[b]
2 (SDI)[b]
2 (Ind.)[b]
7 (DL)[b]
2 (LB)
2 (IdV)
1 (MRE)[b]
2 (FdV) 5 (PRC)
2 (PdCI)
4 (LN) 9 (AN) 2 (SU)
1 (AS)
1 (FT)
78 10.7% 73.1%
Latvia 2 (JL)
1 (TP)
1 (LC) 1 (PCTVL) 4 (TB/LNNK) 9 1.2% 41.34%
Lithuania 2 (TS) 2 (LSDP) 5 (DP)
2 (LiCS)
1 (VNDPS)
1 (LDP)
13 1.8% 48.38%
Luxembourg 3 (CSV) 1 (LSAP) 1 (DP) 1 (Gréng) 6 0.8% 90.0%
Malta 2 (PN) 3 (PL) 5 0.7% 82.37%
Netherlands 7 (CDA) 7 (PvdA) 4 (VVD)
1 (D66)
2 (GL)
2 (ET)
2 (SP) 2 (CU-SGP) 27 3.7% 39.3%
Poland 15 (PO)
4 (PSL)
5 (SLD)
3 (SDPL)
4 (UW) 10 (LPR) 7 (PiS) 6 (SRP) 54 7.4% 20.87%
Portugal 7 (PSD)
2 (CDS-PP)
12 (PS) 2 (PCP)[c]
1 (BE)
24 3.3% 38.6%
Slovakia 3 (SDKÚ)
3 (KDH)
2 (MKP)
3 (SMER) 3 (?S-HZDS) 14 1.9% 16.96%
Slovenia 2 (NSi)
2 (SDS)
1 (ZLSD) 2 (LDS) 7 1.0% 28.3%
Spain 24 (PP) 24 (PSOE) 1 (CDC)[d]
1 (EAJ)[d]
1 (Verdes)[e]
1 (ICV)[f]
1 (ERC)[g]
1 (IU)[f] 54 7.4% 45.1%
Sweden 4 (M)
1 (KD)
5 (SAP) 2 (FP)
1 (C)
1 (MP) 2 (V) 3 (JL) 19 2.6% 37.8%
United Kingdom[h] 27 (CON)
1 (UUP)
19 (LAB) 12 (LD) 2 (GPEW)
2 (SNP)
1 (PC)
1 (SF) 11 (UKIP) 1 (UKIP)
1 (DUP)
78 10.7% 38.9%
Total 268 200 88 42 41 37 27 29 732 100.0% 45.6%
  1. ^ a b Within the SNK-ED coalition
  2. ^ a b c d e Within the Olive Tree coalition
  3. ^ Within the CDU coalition
  4. ^ a b Within the Galeusca coalition
  5. ^ Included in the PSOE list following an agreement between both parties
  6. ^ a b Within the IU-ICV-EUiA coalition
  7. ^ Within the EdP coalition
  8. ^ Including Gibraltar (details)
graph showing vertically the proportion of members by country, and horizontally the proportion of Members by parliamentary group for each country. 2004-2009 term.

Results by EU party (2004 estimated result)

The estimated votes by EU party are as follows:

European Parliament Election 2004
estimated votes byEU party
Group Votes % Votes Seats +/- Party/Subgroup Votes % Votes Seats +/-
  EPP-ED 52,534,612 34.0% 277     EPP 44,670,810 28.9% 227  
  ED 5,189,196 3.4% 37  
  Independents 2,674,606 1.7% 13  
  PES 37,271,453 24.1% 198     PES 36,716,593 23.8% 193  
  Independents 554,860 0.4% 5  
  ELDR 13,732,594 8.9% 66     ELDR 10,835,213 7.0% 59  
  Independents 2,897,381 1.9% 7  
  EUL/NGL 9,999,413 6.5% 41     PEL 5,512,904 3.6% 17  
  NGLA1 623,401 0.4% 4  
  EACL² 529,782 0.3% 0  
  Independents 3,333,327 2.2% 20  
  G/EFA 9,742,287 6.3% 40     EGP 8,290,609 5.4% 33  
  EFA 946,834 0.6% 4  
  Independents 504,844 0.3% 3  
  NI 13,745,847 8.9% 68     Independents 13,745,847 8.9% 68  
  UEN 6,141,614 4.0% 27     UEN 6,141,614 4.0% 27  
  EDD 3,611,803 2.3% 15     ECPM³ 341,895 0.2% 1  
  Independents 3,269,908 2.1% 14  
Not elected 7,094,142 4.6% 0   Not elected 7,094,142 4.6% 0  
Total 154,317,718 100% 732   Total 154,317,718 100% 732  

Registered voters: 353,460,958 (est.)
Votes cast: 154,317,718 (43.66%) (est.)
Total seats: 732

Notes

1. The figures for the Nordic Green Left Alliance and the European Anticapitalist Left include only those members that are not full members of the Party of the European Left.
2. See above.

3. The figures for the European Christian Political Movement exclude a number of members who hold concurrent membership of the European Peoples Party.
Notes on accuracy:
  • These estimated voting figures, using the believed configurations of EU groupings at the time of the 2004 elections, have been compiled by totalling national party figures, using official results where they are available.
  • Where national lists are alliances between more than one political party, attempts have been made to divide that list proportionally, using preferential voting totals where available and, in other circumstances, dividing vote totals equally between candidates (if party membership available) or the MEPs elected (if not).

Results by EU party (2007 national result)

The notional results by EU party as at 8 January 2007 are as follows:

European Parliament Election 2004: Estimated notional results, January 2007
Group Votes % Votes Seats +/- Party/Subgroup Votes % Votes Seats +/-
  EPP-ED 52,567,771 34.1% 277 0   EPP 46,183,932 27.5% 232 +5
  ED1 5,628,052 3.3% 39 +2
  Independents 755,786 1.6% 6 -7
  PES 43,327,099 25.8% 218 +20   PES 41,598,383 24.7% 211 +18
  Independents 1,728,716 1.0% 7 +2
  ALDE 21,375,247 12.7% 106 +40   ELDR 14,106,116 8.4% 76 +17
EDP 6,037,453 3.6% 25 +25
  Independents 1,231,678 0.7% 5 -2
  EUL/NGL 9,873,587 5.9% 41 0   PEL 6,842,489 4.1% 28 +10
  NGLA² 623,401 0.4% 4 0
  EACL³ 345,962 0.2% 0 0
  Independents 2,061,735 1.2% 9 -10
  G/EFA 10,182,153 6.1% 42 +2   EGP 8,457,969 5.0% 33 0
  EFA 1,277,042 0.8% 6 +2
Paul van Buitenen 174,578 0.1% 1
  Independents 272,564 0.2% 2 -1
  NI 10,218,366 6.1% 14 -54   Hans-Peter Martin 262,272 0.2% 1 1
  Roger Helmer 185,681 0.1% 1 1
  Jim Allister 175,761 0.1% 1 1
  Independents 1,658,374 1.0% 11 -57
  UEN 8,934,925 5.3% 44 +17   AEN 5,457,115 3.2% 26 +26
  EUD4 547,318 0.3% 5 +5
  Independents 2,980,491 1.8% 13 -14
  IND/DEM 5,265,991 3.1% 23 +8 ADIE5 1,687,718 1.0% 7 7
  ECPM6 341,895 0.2% 1 0
  EUD7 294,887 0.2% 2 2
  Independents 2,941,491 1.7% 13 -1
  ITS 6,135,671 3.6% 20 0   Euronat8 5,465,545 3.2% 17 0
  Ashley Mote 215,556 0.1% 1 0
  Independents 454,570 0.3% 2 0
Not elected 8,107,746 4.8% 0   Not elected 8,107,746 4.8% 0  
Total 168,222,513 100% 785 +53 Total 168,222,513 100% 785 +53

Registered voters: 378,106,633 (est.)
Votes cast: 168,317,718 (44.49%) (est.)
Total seats: 785 (+53)

Notes

1. Roger Helmer was expelled from the EPP-ED group in 2005, but retains the whip of the British Conservative Party.
2. The figures for the Nordic Green Left Alliance and the European Anticapitalist Left include only those members that are not full members of the Party of the European Left.
3. See 2 above.
4. The EUDemocrats, while having a preference for the IND/DEM group, is currently split between UEN and IND/DEM.
5. In addition to the majority of AIDE MEPs which sit in the IND/DEM group, AIDE also includes Non-Inscrit MEP, Jim Allister, as an individual member.
6. The figures for the European Christian Political Movement exclude a number of members who hold concurrent membership of the European Peoples Party.
7. See 4 above.

8. These figures include parties listed on the Euronat page which appear to have links with Euronat short of full membership.
Other notes
  • These figures estimate 'notional' voting figures based on changes in the configuration of EU political groupings since the 2004 elections and the accession of Bulgaria and Romania. Their purpose is to better estimate the position which the groups will have to defend for the next European Parliament election.
  • These figures incorporate the results of the 2004 Romanian Chamber of Deputies election and the 2005 Bulgarian National Assembly election, on which the distribution of Bulgarian and Romanian MEPs is temporarily based. These figures will consequentially change after the 2007 European Parliament elections in those countries.
  • These figures include the ITS group.

New parties in the 2004 election

Voting in the election, in the Netherlands

New inclusion

Gibraltar participated as a result of the judgement in Matthews v. United Kingdom

Political group reshuffle after the 2004 election

Other elections

The elections coincided with legislative elections in Luxembourg and presidential elections in Lithuania. They also coincided with local and regional elections in England and Wales, Irish local elections, regional elections in Belgium, local or regional elections in most of Italy, and state parliament elections in the German state of Thuringia.

See also

References

External links

Results

European Election information sites

Candidates


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

2004_European_Parliament_election
 



 



 
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