2010 Slovak Parliamentary Election
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2010 Slovak Parliamentary Election

2010 Slovak parliamentary election

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All 150 seats in the National Council
76 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Robert Fico (2010).jpg Portrait of Iveta Radi?ová.jpg Richard Sulík -2011-.jpg
Leader Robert Fico Iveta Radi?ová [a] Richard Sulík
Party Smer-SD SDKÚ-DS SaS
Last election 50 seats, 29.1% 31 seats, 18.4% New party
Seats won 62 28 22
Seat change Increase 12 Decrease 3 New party
Popular vote 880,111 390,042 307,287
Percentage 34.8% 15.42% 12.1%
Swing Increase 5.7 pp Decrease 2.9 pp New party

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Ján Figel.jpg Béla Bugár.jpg Zilina P6112384-selection.jpg
Leader Ján Fige? Béla Bugár Ján Slota
Party KDH Most-Híd SNS
Last election 14 seats, 8.3% New party 20 seats, 11.7%
Seats won 15 14 9
Seat change Increase 1 New party Decrease 11
Popular vote 215,755 205,538 128,490
Percentage 8.5% 8.1% 5.1%
Swing Increase 0.2 pp New party Decrease 6.7 pp

2010 Slovak legislative election - Vote Strength.svg
Results of the election, showing vote strength by district.

Parliamentary elections were held in Slovakia on 12 June 2010.[1] The elections were contested by eighteen parties, six of which passed the 5% threshold for sitting in parliament.[2] Despite the incumbent Smer of Prime Minister Robert Fico winning a plurality, the new government consisted of a coalition led by the Slovak Democratic and Christian Union - Democratic Party's Iveta Radi?ová and included KDH, SaS and Most-Hid. However, her government fell on 11 October 2011 following a vote of no confidence with a new election called for 10 March 2012.

Background

A total of 2,401 candidates applied to contest the 150 seats.[3]

Polls in February 2010 had indicated that the current governing party Smer-SD (Direction - Social Democracy) would win a plurality with a margin of 25%.[4] However the five opposition right-wing parties - the Slovak Democratic and Christian Union (SDKÚ-DS), the Christian Democratic Movement (KDH), the Party of the Hungarian Coalition (SMK-MKP), Most-Híd, and Freedom and Solidarity (SaS) - could together gain a majority. There were conflicting reports during the campaign as to whether some of these parties would consider joining with Fico.[5] During pre-election campaigning, reports indicated that the "Christian Democrats and the two ethnic Hungarian parties had not ruled out working with Fico."[6][7] Rumours were reported that prime minister Robert Fico might have secretly agreed not to enter a coalition with the Slovak nationalists again, unless he had no other choice.[6] A later poll by of the Czech News Agency suggested that the governing coalition would lose its majority, and that one of Fico's allies (HZDS) would struggle with the 5% barrier.[8]

List of political parties

Below is the list of parties participating in 2010 Slovak parliamentary election

  1. European Democratic Party
  2. Union - Party for Slovakia
  3. Party of the Roma Coalition
  4. Paliho Kapurková, Cheerful Political Party
  5. Freedom and Solidarity
  6. Party of the Democratic Left
  7. Party of the Hungarian Coalition
  8. People's Party - Movement for a Democratic Slovakia
  9. Communist Party of Slovakia
  10. Slovak National Party
  11. New Democracy
  12. Union of the Workers of Slovakia
  13. Christian Democratic Movement
  14. People's Party - Our Slovakia
  15. Slovak Democratic and Christian Union - Democratic Party
  16. AZEN - Alliance for Europe of the Nations
  17. Direction - Social Democracy
  18. Most-Híd

Campaign

During the parliamentary elections the SDKÚ-DS ran on a platform of fiscal discipline and pledging to reinvigorate the economy.[]

Opinion Polls

According to polling agency Focus, in May 2010, eight parties would cross the 5% threshold needed for participation in parliament.

Party January 2010 February 2010 March 2010 April 2010 May 2010 June 2010
Direction - Social Democracy 41.4% 38.6% 38.4% 36.8% 35.3% 29.5%
Slovak National Party 6.2% 6.2% 6.3% 8.6% 6.1% 7.7%
People's Party - Movement for a Democratic Slovakia 6.5% 5.8% 5.4% 5.4% 5.1% 5%
Slovak Democratic and Christian Union - Democratic Party 15.2% 11.3% 14.3% 13.6% 14% 12.1%
Freedom and Solidarity 5.1% 9.6% 8.6% 11.5% 13.3% 12.4%
Christian Democratic Movement 9.0% 9.6% 9.7% 8.6% 8.3% 9.2%
Most-Híd 5.2% 5.6% 6.9% 5.1% 5.6% 6.5%
Party of the Hungarian Coalition 5.6% 5.1% 5.2% 5.1% 5.9% 5.2%

[9]

According to a poll of the Institute of public affairs (IVO) the voter participation will be about 50 to 60%.[4]

Opinion polls

Results

2010 Slovak National Council composition chart.svg
PartyVotes%+/-Seats+/-
Direction - Social Democracy880,11134.80+5.6562+12
Slovak Democratic and Christian Union - Democratic Party390,04215.42-2.9328-3
Freedom and Solidarity307,28712.15New22New
Christian Democratic Movement215,7558.53+0.2115+1
Most-Híd205,5388.13New14New
Slovak National Party128,4905.08-6.669-11
Party of the Hungarian Coalition109,6384.33-7.350-20
People's Party - Movement for a Democratic Slovakia109,4804.33-4.470-15
Party of the Democratic Left61,1372.42+2.300
People's Party Our Slovakia33,7241.33New0New
Communist Party of Slovakia21,1040.83-3.0700
Union - Party for Slovakia17,7410.70New0New
Paliho Kapurková, Cheerful Political Party14,5760.58New0New
European Democratic Party10,3320.41New0New
New Democracy7,9620.31New0New
Party of the Roma Coalition6,9470.27New0New
Union of the Workers of Slovakia6,1960.24-0.0600
AZEN - Alliance for Europe of the Nations3,3250.13New0New
Total2,529,385100.00-1500
Valid votes2,529,38598.86
Invalid/blank votes29,1801.14
Total votes2,558,565100.00
Registered voters/turnout4,362,36958.65
Source: Volby, IFES

New government

Incumbent Prime Minister Robert Fico's Direction - Social Democracy (Smer) party increased its seat share by 12 to 62. However, Fico faced an uphill battle to remain prime minister, as his coalition partners were decimated. The Slovak National Party barely passed the 5% vote threshold required for parliamentary representation while losing 11 of their 20 seats, while the People's Party - Movement for a Democratic Slovakia was shut out of the chamber altogether.[10] Despite the setback, Fico said that he wanted to try to form a cabinet even though his leftist coalition could only command 71 of the 150 parliament seats and would thus force the need for at least one of the opposing centre-right parties.[10] This has been described as an unlikely, but possible, occurrence,[10] because opposition parties stated during the election that they would not enter government with Fico. One analyst said that he "strictly rule[d] out that any of the centre-right parties could team up with Smer."[11]

The Slovakian President, Ivan Gasparovic, asked Fico to attempt to form a government stating that "I believe that the party that won such support from the people deserves the chance."[11]

The second placed Slovak Democratic and Christian Union - Democratic Party had coalition talks with the Christian Democratic Movement, Freedom and Solidarity and Most-Híd.[12] On 16 June it was reported that the four opposition parties which had won seats in the parliament had agreed to form a government under the leadership of Radi?ová.[13]

An agreement on the distribution of ministries was reached on 28 June 2010.[14] Radi?ová was then sworn in as PM on 8 July 2010,[15] after her coalition (comprising SDKU, KDH, SaS and Most-Hid[16]) secured a majority of 79 seats in the 150-seat parliament and Fico and his cabinet tendered their resignations.[] The new government pledged to cut state spending and the budget deficit and to attract more foreign investment, while steering clear of tax rises. "We are ready to take responsibility over the country at a time when it is coping with the impact of a deep economic crisis and the irresponsible decisions of our political predecessors."[17] They have also sought, through Most-Hid, to rebuild links with Hungary that were badly damaged by the adoption of contentious language and citizenship laws.[18]

Fall of government

On 11 October 2011, parliament voted to approve the expansion of the European Financial Stability Fund on the grounds, according to the Freedom and Solidarity, that Slovakia, the second poorest eurozone country, should not bailout richer countries such as Greece and for bank re-capitalisation. As Slovakia was the last eurozone country to vote on the measure, Radi?ová made it a no confidence vote. The measure then failed by 21 votes after both Freedom and Solidarity and Smer abstained. However, another vote was expected with Smer rumoured to support it should there be a new election and more stringent terms.[19][20] Smer came to an agreement with the governing coalition to support the measure in what Fico called "the most important document of this period." He also explained the first round rejection of the measure as "saying 'no' to a rightist government, but we're saying 'yes' to the rescue fund." As per the agreement between the two parties Minister[which?] Mikulas Dzurinda said that a snap election has been called: "We decided that as the first point of [Thursday's] parliamentary session, we will work on a proposal to shorten the voting period, with the goal of organising an election on 10 March. Immediately after [13 October or 14 October] we will debate proposals related to the EFSF."[21]

Notes

  1. ^ Only election leader, chairman Mikulá? Dzurinda

References

  1. ^ "Slovakia's parliamentary elections set for June 12 - The Slovak Spectator". Spectator.sme.sk. Retrieved 2010.
  2. ^ "Vo?by do Národnej rady Slovenskej republiky". Volbysr.sk. Archived from the original on 14 June 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  3. ^ "Radio Slovakia International". Rozhlas.sk. Retrieved 2010.
  4. ^ a b "Radio Slovakia International". Rozhlas.sk. Retrieved 2010.
  5. ^ posten. "Premier fürchtet um Regierungsmehrheit - Slowakei - derStandard.at " International". Derstandard.at. Retrieved 2010.
  6. ^ a b "Corruption rife, but fails to rile Slovak voters - BUSINESS NEW EUROPE". Businessneweurope.eu. 14 April 2010. Archived from the original on 12 July 2012. Retrieved 2010.
  7. ^ "Business finance news - currency market news - online UK currency markets - financial news - Interactive Investor". Iii.co.uk. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  8. ^ posten (22 May 2010). "Regierungskoalition in Umfragen ohne Mehrheit - Slowakei - derStandard.at " International". Derstandard.at. Retrieved 2010.
  9. ^ "FOCUS". Focus-research.sk. Retrieved 2010.
  10. ^ a b c "Slovakia's leftist leader wins Pyrrhic victory as right claims majority". Deutsche Welle. 13 June 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  11. ^ a b Bednarikova, Tatiana (13 June 2010). "Slovak president taps leftist premier to form government". Agence France-Presse. Retrieved 2010.
  12. ^ "Slovak right wins vote and look set to oust leftist PM". Reuters. 13 June 2010. Archived from the original on 19 October 2011. Retrieved 2010.
  13. ^ [1][dead link]
  14. ^ "Coalition parties agree on ministries and SaS presiding over parliament - The Slovak Spectator". Spectator.sme.sk. Retrieved 2011.
  15. ^ "AFP: Slovak president appoints liberal Radicova as PM". Google. 8 July 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  16. ^ "Slovak right backs Radi?ová to lead cabinet". EurActiv. 16 June 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  17. ^ "Sociologist Iveta Radicova becomes Slovakia's first female prime minister". Istockanalyst.com. 8 July 2010. Archived from the original on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 2011.
  18. ^ "Fri, Jul 9, 2010 - Sociologist Iveta Radicova becomes Slovakia's first female prime minister". The Irish Times. 7 July 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  19. ^ Rob Cameron (11 October 2011). "BBC News - Slovakia votes down eurozone bailout expansion plans". BBC. Retrieved 2011.
  20. ^ "Slovak lawmakers reject eurozone's revamped EFSF rescue fund". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 2011.
  21. ^ "Slovak rivals reach deal to back EU bailout fund". BBC News. 12 October 2011.

External links


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