Parliamentary elections were held in Montenegro on 16 October 2016. The ruling Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) remained the largest party, winning 36 of the 81 seats, and subsequently formed a coalition government with the new Social Democrats and national minority parties. The elections were held in the midst of an alleged coup d'état attempt.
Protests against incumbent Prime Minister Milo Djukanovic occurred in the preceding year over issues ranging from NATO membership to electoral fraud. A split in the ruling coalition followed in January 2016, leaving the government functioning as a de facto minority government. The provisional government of electoral trust was elected on May 12, 2016, by the parliament of Montenegro. The provisional governing coalition was formed by DPS and several opposition parties.
The 81 seats of the Parliament of Montenegro are elected in a single nationwide constituency by closed list proportional representation. Seats are allocated using the d'Hondt method with a 3% electoral threshold.
Minority groups that account for at least 15% of the population in a district are given an exemption that lowers the electoral threshold to 0.7% for a possible total of three seats if their list fails to cross the 3% threshold.
On 31 August 2016, the Democratic Serb Party (DSS) decided to sign an agreement with Democratic Front Alliance, as did the far-left Yugoslav Communist Party (JKP) and right-wing Democratic Party of Unity (DSJ).
|1||Albanians Decisively - FORCA, DUA, AA||Genci Nimanbegu||M|
|2||SDP - Ranko Krivokapi? - Country for everyone!||Ranko Krivokapi?|
|3||Albanian Coalition with One Goal - DP, DS and Perspective||Gëzim Hajdinaga||M|
|4||Alternative Montenegro||Vesko Pejak|
|5||Positive Montenegro - Darko Pajovi? - Because we love Montenegro||Darko Pajovi?|
|6||Safe step! DPS - Milo ?ukanovi?||Milo ?ukanovi?|
|7||Croatian Civic Initiative - HGI from the heart||Marija Vu?inovi?||M|
|8||Mr Aleksa Be?i? - Democrats - Victories, not divisions.||Aleksa Be?i?|
|9||Key Coalition - DEMOS, SNP, URA - The best for Montenegro!||Miodrag Leki?|
|10||Serb Party - Prof. Dr. Milovan ?ivkovi?||Milovan ?ivkovi?|
|11||Party of Pensioners, Disabled and Social Justice||Smajo ?aboti?|
|12||List of Democratic Alliance of Albanians||Nikola Camaj||M|
|13||Democratic Front - Either us, or him||Andrija Mandi?|
|14||Bosniak Party - Rafet Husovi? - Our strength||Rafet Husovi?||M|
|15||Bosniak Democratic Community in Montenegro - Hazbija Kala?||Hazbija Kala?||M|
|16||Social Democrats of Montenegro - Consistently||Ivan Brajovi?|
|17||Party of Serb Radicals - Montenegro in safe hands.||Aleksandar Jankovi?|
M -- National minority list
Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first, and using the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. If such date is unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. When a specific poll does not show a data figure for a party, the party's cell corresponding to that poll is shown empty. The threshold for a party to elect members is 3%.
|Date||Polling Firm/Source||DPS||SDP||DF||Key Coalition||DCG||SD||PCG||BS||Others||Lead|
|Oct 2012||Election results||45.6||22.8||11.1||Did not exist||8.2||4.1||8.1||22.8|
A group of 20 Serbian and Montenegrin citizens were arrested on election day. Fourteen remain in custody (as of 12 November 2016Serbian Gendarmery Bratislav Diki?, and some that fought for the pro-Russian side in the War in Donbass. On 6 November, the Montenegrin prosecutor Milivoje Katni? has stated that there is no evidence of Russian state involvement, but that two Russian nationalists organized the plot. Two GRU agents, Vladimir Popov and Eduard Shishmakov, have been tried in absentia. Russian citizens in Serbia, monitoring Prime Minister ?ukanovi?, had been supervised by the Special prosecution, which prevented them from realizing the plan. The Serbian authorities found EUR125,000 in cash and uniforms, and deported an unknown number of Russian citizens. At the same time, Serbian Prime Minister Aleksandar Vu?i? told that there had been increased activity by a number of different intelligence agencies, 'from both the East and the West', against Serbian interests, and that members of these agencies had been apprehended. The Montenegrin prosecutor said that the intention was to have 500 people enter Montenegro on election night to "cause violence", and hire assassin snipers to murder Prime Minister ?ukanovi? - to stop Montenegro from entering NATO and prevent Russia from losing an ally in the Balkans. All opposition parties claimed that the coup attempt was staged by the Government of Montenegro and DPS as a publicity stunt to improve their electoral results, and denounced elections as irregular, refusing to accept the results.), including former head of
|Democratic Party of Socialists||158,490||41.41||36||+3|
|Social Democratic Party||20,011||5.23||4||-2|
|Croatian Civic Initiative||1,801||0.47||1||0|
|Democratic Alliance of Albanians||1,542||0.40||0||New|
|Bosniak Democratic Community in Montenegro||1,140||0.30||0||New|
|Party of Serb Radicals||693||0.18||0||0|
|Party of Pensioners, Disabled and Social Justice||672||0.18||0||0|
Following the elections, all 39 opposition MPs boycotted Parliament from its opening due to claims of electoral fraud and the elections not being held under fair conditions. In mid-February 2017, the opposition announced it would also boycott local elections in the country's second largest municipality, Nik?i?, over the government's attempt to prosecute two members of Parliament, Andrija Mandi? and Milan Kne?evi? from the right-wing opposition Democratic Front alliance, who had been charged with involvement in a coup plot allegedly planned for election day.
On 9 November 2016, Deputy Prime Minister Du?ko Markovi? in ?ukanovi? VI Cabinet (2012-2016) was nominated as new Prime Minister by the president of Montenegro Filip Vujanovi?, and on 28 November new government was elected by 41 out of 81 members of the parliament (with the entire opposition boycotting the assembly), with the support of Democratic Party of Socialists, Social Democrats of Montenegro and the Bosniak, Albanian and Croatian minority parties.