2016 Montenegrin Parliamentary Election
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2016 Montenegrin Parliamentary Election
2016 Montenegrin parliamentary election
Montenegro
← 2012 16 October 2016 2020 →
Turnout73.33% Increase 2.77pp
DPS Milo ?ukanovi? 41.41 36 +3
DF Andrija Mandi? 20.32 18 -2
Klju? Miodrag Leki? 11.05 9 0
DCG Aleksa Be?i? 10.01 8 New
SDP Ranko Krivokapi? 5.23 4 -2
SD Ivan Brajovi? 3.26 2 New
BS Rafet Husovi? 3.16 2 -1
AO Genci Nimanbegu 1.27 1 0
HGI Marija Vu?inovi? 0.47 1 0
2016 Montenegrin parliamentary election.jpg
Results by municipality;
  DPS   Klju?   BS   AO
Saturation of colour denotes strength of vote
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
Milo ?ukanovi?
DPS
Du?ko Markovi?
DPS

Parliamentary elections were held in Montenegro on 16 October 2016. The ruling Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) remained the largest party, winning 36 of the 81 seats, and subsequently formed a coalition government with the new Social Democrats and national minority parties. The elections were held in the midst of an alleged coup d'état attempt.[1][2][3]

Background

Protests against incumbent Prime Minister Milo Djukanovic occurred in the preceding year over issues ranging from NATO membership to electoral fraud.[4][5][6] A split in the ruling coalition followed in January 2016, leaving the government functioning as a de facto minority government. The provisional government of electoral trust was elected on May 12, 2016, by the parliament of Montenegro. The provisional governing coalition was formed by DPS and several opposition parties.[7]

Electoral system

The 81 seats of the Parliament of Montenegro are elected in a single nationwide constituency by closed list proportional representation. Seats are allocated using the d'Hondt method with a 3% electoral threshold.

Minority groups that account for at least 15% of the population in a district are given an exemption that lowers the electoral threshold to 0.7% for a possible total of three seats if their list fails to cross the 3% threshold.

For ethnic Croats, if no list representing the population passes the 0.7% threshold, the list with the most votes will win one seat if it receives more than 0.35% of the vote.[8]

Campaign

On 31 August 2016, the Democratic Serb Party (DSS) decided to sign an agreement with Democratic Front Alliance,[9] as did the far-left Yugoslav Communist Party (JKP)[10] and right-wing Democratic Party of Unity (DSJ).

The Socialist People's Party (SNP), United Reform Action (URA) and DEMOS agreed to form a pre-election alliance under the name Key Coalition,[11] with Miodrag Leki? as leader.[12]

On 8 September 2016 the ruling Democratic Party of Socialists (DPS) decided to run independently, with two Liberal Party (LP) representatives on their electoral list.[13]

Electoral lists

# List name Leader Note
1 Albanians Decisively - FORCA, DUA, AA Genci Nimanbegu M
2 SDP - Ranko Krivokapi? - Country for everyone! Ranko Krivokapi?
3 Albanian Coalition with One Goal - DP, DS and Perspective Gëzim Hajdinaga M
4 Alternative Montenegro Vesko Pejak
5 Positive Montenegro - Darko Pajovi? - Because we love Montenegro Darko Pajovi?
6 Safe step! DPS - Milo ?ukanovi? Milo ?ukanovi?
7 Croatian Civic Initiative - HGI from the heart Marija Vu?inovi? M
8 Mr Aleksa Be?i? - Democrats - Victories, not divisions. Aleksa Be?i?
9 Key Coalition - DEMOS, SNP, URA - The best for Montenegro! Miodrag Leki?
10 Serb Party - Prof. Dr. Milovan ?ivkovi? Milovan ?ivkovi?
11 Party of Pensioners, Disabled and Social Justice Smajo ?aboti?
12 List of Democratic Alliance of Albanians Nikola Camaj M
13 Democratic Front - Either us, or him Andrija Mandi?
14 Bosniak Party - Rafet Husovi? - Our strength Rafet Husovi? M
15 Bosniak Democratic Community in Montenegro - Hazbija Kala? Hazbija Kala? M
16 Social Democrats of Montenegro - Consistently Ivan Brajovi?
17 Party of Serb Radicals - Montenegro in safe hands. Aleksandar Jankovi?
Source: DIK

M -- National minority list

Opinion polls

Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first, and using the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. If such date is unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. When a specific poll does not show a data figure for a party, the party's cell corresponding to that poll is shown empty. The threshold for a party to elect members is 3%.

Date Polling Firm/Source DPS SDP DF Key Coalition DCG SD PCG BS Others Lead
SNP DEMOS URA
Oct 2016 Ipsos 40.9 3.1 23.2 14.0 6.8 1.9 2.6 2 5.6 17.7
Sep 2016 VKK 37.2 4.1 14.3 22.7 7.1 2.2 0.8 2.8 8.8 14.5
Jun 2016 CeDem 43.1 4.2 11.1 8.8 10.3 4.1 7.2 2.4 2.2 3.8 2.8 32
Jun 2016 NSPM 39.1 4.1 22.1 8.2 6.7 3.2 6.7 2.4 >1 2.8 5.1 17.0
Apr 2016 Ipsos 45 6 8 6 15 4 7 >1 2 2 5 30
Feb 2016 Damar 40.9 4.3 11.9 6.4 12.2 6.1 6.8 2.2 1.9 3.6 3.7 28.7
Dec 2015 Ipsos 45 4 8 6 13 8 6 >1 2 2 6 32
Nov 2015 Damar 41.7 4 11.5 6.4 11.4 4 7.4 2.4 3 4.5 3.7 30.2
Nov 2015 CeDem 45.1 4.6 8.7 9.1 10.2 4.2 6.7 2.5 1.8 3.3 3.8 34.9
Oct 2015 Ipsos 45 4 8 7 13 7 6 1 1 3 5 32
Sep 2015 Damar 40.3 3.8 9.4 6.9 10.2 3.5 10.1 2.4 3.6 5 4.8 30.1
July 2015 CeDem 42.7 5.2 5.8 8.5 14.4 5.5 9.2 2.2 1.6 2.1 2.8 28.3
May 2015 Ipsos 42 3 7 7 16 5 7 >1 2.9 3 7.1 26
Oct 2012 Election results 45.6 22.8 11.1 Did not exist 8.2 4.1 8.1 22.8

Coup plot

A group of 20 Serbian and Montenegrin citizens were arrested on election day. Fourteen remain in custody (as of 12 November 2016), including former head of Serbian Gendarmery Bratislav Diki?, and some that fought for the pro-Russian side in the War in Donbass. On 6 November, the Montenegrin prosecutor Milivoje Katni? has stated that there is no evidence of Russian state involvement, but that two Russian nationalists organized the plot.[14] Two GRU agents, Vladimir Popov and Eduard Shishmakov, have been tried in absentia.[1] Russian citizens in Serbia, monitoring Prime Minister ?ukanovi?, had been supervised by the Special prosecution, which prevented them from realizing the plan. The Serbian authorities found EUR125,000 in cash and uniforms, and deported an unknown number of Russian citizens. At the same time, Serbian Prime Minister Aleksandar Vu?i? told that there had been increased activity by a number of different intelligence agencies, 'from both the East and the West', against Serbian interests, and that members of these agencies had been apprehended. The Montenegrin prosecutor said that the intention was to have 500 people enter Montenegro on election night to "cause violence", and hire assassin snipers to murder Prime Minister ?ukanovi? - to stop Montenegro from entering NATO and prevent Russia from losing an ally in the Balkans. All opposition parties claimed that the coup attempt was staged by the Government of Montenegro and DPS as a publicity stunt to improve their electoral results, and denounced elections as irregular, refusing to accept the results.[15][16][17]

Results

Party Votes % Seats +/-
Democratic Party of Socialists 158,490 41.41 36 +3
Democratic Front 77,784 20.32 18 -2
Key Coalition 42,295 11.05 9 0
Democratic Montenegro 38,327 10.01 8 New
Social Democratic Party 20,011 5.23 4 -2
Social Democrats 12,472 3.26 2 New
Bosniak Party 12,089 3.16 2 -1
Positive Montenegro 5,062 1.32 0 -7
Albanians Decisively 4,854 1.27 1 0
Albanian Coalition 3,394 0.89 0 -1
Croatian Civic Initiative 1,801 0.47 1 0
Democratic Alliance of Albanians 1,542 0.40 0 New
Serb Party 1,201 0.31 0 New
Bosniak Democratic Community in Montenegro 1,140 0.30 0 New
Alternative Montenegro 878 0.23 0 New
Party of Serb Radicals 693 0.18 0 0
Party of Pensioners, Disabled and Social Justice 672 0.18 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 5,513 - - -
Total 388,220 100 81 0
Registered voters/turnout 528,817 73.41 - -
Source: DIK

Vote share

DPS
41.41%
DF
20.32%
Klju?
11.05%
DCG
10.01%
SDP
5.23%
SD
3.26%
BS
3.16%
Others
5.56%

Seats

2016 Montenegrin parliamentary election (seats).jpg

Government (42)        

  DPS-LP  (36)
  SD  (2)
  BS  (2)
  AO  (1)
  HGI  (1)

Opposition (39)

  DF  (18)
  Klju? (9)
  DCG (8)
  SDP (4)

Aftermath

Following the elections, all 39 opposition MPs boycotted Parliament from its opening due to claims of electoral fraud and the elections not being held under fair conditions. In mid-February 2017, the opposition announced it would also boycott local elections in the country's second largest municipality, Nik?i?, over the government's attempt to prosecute two members of Parliament, Andrija Mandi? and Milan Kne?evi? from the right-wing opposition Democratic Front alliance, who had been charged with involvement in a coup plot allegedly planned for election day.[18]

On 9 November 2016, Deputy Prime Minister Du?ko Markovi? in ?ukanovi? VI Cabinet (2012-2016) was nominated as new Prime Minister by the president of Montenegro Filip Vujanovi?, and on 28 November new government was elected by 41 out of 81 members of the parliament (with the entire opposition boycotting the assembly), with the support of Democratic Party of Socialists, Social Democrats of Montenegro and the Bosniak, Albanian and Croatian minority parties.[19]

References

  1. ^ a b Bajrovi?, Reuf; Gar?evi?, Vesko; Kramer, Richard. "Hanging by a Thread: Russia's Policy of Destabilization in Montenegro" (PDF). Foreign Policy Research Institute. Retrieved 2018.
  2. ^ "Montenegrin prosecutor says Russian nationalists behind alleged coup plot".
  3. ^ Montenegro PM Accuses Opposition Over 'Plot to Kill Him' Balkan Insight, 10 November 2016.
  4. ^ "Montenegro Police Throw Tear Gas on Protest". AP. 24 October 2015 – via The New York Times.
  5. ^ Protest protiv NATO u Podgorici
  6. ^ http://www.srbijadanas.com/clanak/odrzan-jos-jedan-protest-u-podgorici-crvenim-kartonima-iskazali-nepoverenje-vladi-cg-24-01 Odr?an jo? jedan protest u Podgorici]
  7. ^ "Montenegro Parliament Set to Oust Speaker", Balkan Insight
  8. ^ Electoral system IPU
  9. ^ Demokratska srpska stranka pristupila Demokratskom frontu Vijesti, 31 Aug 2016
  10. ^ Komunisti se pridru?ili DF-u RTCG, 3 August 2016
  11. ^ KOALICIJA DEMOSA SNP-A I URA USAGLASILA VIZUELNI IDENTITET Vijesti, 8 September 2016
  12. ^ Odlu?eno: SNP, Demos i URA u koaliciji Vijesti, 31 August 2016
  13. ^ Na listi DPS-a i dva predstavnika Liberalne partije Vijesti, 8 September 2016
  14. ^ "Montenegrin prosecutor says Russian nationalists behind alleged coup plot". The Guardian. 6 November 2016. Retrieved 2018.
  15. ^ "Case "Coup d'etat" and ?ukanovi?'s "old recipe"".
  16. ^ "Montenegro prosecutor Katni?: Russian nationalists behind alleged coup plot".
  17. ^ "Common decision: Opposition does not recognise election results".
  18. ^ Montenegro Opposition to Boycott Poll Over 'Coup' Claims Balkan Insight, 15 February 2017.
  19. ^ Le Courrier des Balkans (29 November 2016). "Monténégro : un nouveau gouvernement qui ne tient qu'à une voix". courrierdesbalkans.fr/ (in French). Retrieved 2016..

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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