The next presidential election (officially the 17th Federal Convention) will be held in Germany no later than thirty days before the sitting president's term ends, as mandated by the German Constitution, the Grundgesetz, unless the presidency falls vacant prematurely. On 19 March 2017 Frank-Walter Steinmeier, who has been elected by the 16th Federal Convention on 12 February 2017, entered office and started his first five-year-term as president. Therefore the next Federal Convention will convene no later than 16 February 2022. If Steinmeier's term ends prematurely, the Federal Convention will meet no later than thirty days after the start of the vacancy.
The Federal Convention consists of all the members of the current Bundestag and an equal number of state electors, that is distributed on the sixteen states of Germany in proportion to the states respective population. The state electors are elected by the state parliaments. Until February 2022, at least one federal election to the Bundestag will be held (2021) and in two states (Berlin and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) there will be at least one state election; in addition to this, a snap election in Thuringia before February 2022 is likely. Because of this, any projection about the composition of the Federal Convention would be highly speculative, as yet (June 2021).
The results of the following elections could potentially affect the composition of the 17th Federal Convention, assuming Steinmeier's term will not end prematurely and there will be no snap elections on federal or state level:
Every member of the Federal Convention (members of the Bundestag and state electors, once they are elected by their respective state parliament) can propose candidates for the presidency. It is required that the President be a German citizen and at least 40 years old. Every candidate has to declare his consent to running. Candidates can be proposed before the Federal Convention and (theoretically) during the Convention before every ballot. If the President-elect is a member of a legislature or a government at the federal or state level, he has to resign from that office before the start of his term. A sitting President is not allowed to run for a third consecutive term.
The following persons have been subjects of speculation about their potential candidacy in the media, but have neither declared a candidacy nor expressed interest themselves, as yet: