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This article concerns the period 709 BC - 700 BC.
Events and trends
- 709 BC--First reported use of the conducting staff in a performance by "Pherekydes of Patrae, giver of rhythm".
- 708 BC--Traditional date of the foundation of Croton (modern Crotone) by colonists from Achaea.
- 707 BC--Spring and Autumn period: Duke Zhuang of Zheng defeats the armies of King Huan of Zhou, becoming the first vassal of the ruler of China to revolt.
- 706 BC--Traditional date when Spartan immigrants found Taras (Tarentum, the modern Taranto) colony in southern Italy.
- 706 BC--Sargon II, king of Assyria, dies.
- 705 BC--Sennacherib succeeds his father Sargon II.
- 704 BC--Sennacherib moves the capital of Assyria to Nineveh.
- 701 BC--November 10--King Hezekiah of Judah, backed by the Kingdom of Kush, revolts against King Sennacherib of Assyria. Sennacherib sacks many Israelite cities, but fails in his attempt to take Jerusalem.
- 700 BC--The Scythians start settling in Cimmerian areas, slowly replacing the previous inhabitants.
- 700 BC--End of the Villanovan culture in northern Italy and rise of the Etruscan civilization.
- 700 BC--The Upanishads, a sacred text of Hinduism, are written around this time.
- c. 700 BC--Geometric period of vases ends in Ancient Greece. Orientalizing period of vases starts. It starts in Corinth.
- c. 700 BC--Hesiod writes "Theogony".
- c. 700 BC-509 BC--Etruscan supremacy period in Italy.
- After c. 700 BC - Cities again begin to appear on the Indian subcontinent, especially in the north.
- ^ a b E.J. Bickerman, Chronology of the Ancient World (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1968), p. 197