Acryloyl Group
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Acryloyl Group
Structure of the acryloyl group

In organic chemistry, the acryloyl group is a form of enone with structure H2C=CH-C(=O)-; it is the acyl group derived from acrylic acid. The preferred IUPAC name for the group is prop-2-enoyl, and it is also known as acrylyl or simply (and incorrectly) as acryl. Compounds containing an acryloyl group can be referred to as "acrylic compounds".

An acrylic compound is typically an ?,?-unsaturated carbonyl compound: it contains a carbon-carbon double bond and a carbon-oxygen double bond (carbonyl) separated by a carbon-carbon single bond, thus possessing properties characteristic for both functional groups:

The carboxyl group of acrylic acid can react with ammonia to form acrylamide, or with an alcohol to form an acrylate ester.

In addition, since both double bonds are separated by a single C-C bond, the double bonds are conjugated.

See also


  • Klein, David R. (2012). Organic Chemistry. Hoboken, N.J: John Wiley. ISBN 9780471756149.
  • Bruice, Paula Yurkanis (2010). Essential Organic Chemistry (2 ed.). Boston: Prentice Hall. ISBN 9780321644169.
  • McMurry, John; McMurry, Susan (2012). Organic Chemistry (8 ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole. ISBN 978-0840054555.
  • Chang, Raymond (2008). General chemistry : the essential concepts (5 ed.). Boston: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 9780071102261.
  • Chang, Raymond; Goldsby, Kenneth A. (2014). General chemistry : the essential concepts (7 ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 9781259060427.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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