Adjar ASSR
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Adjar ASSR
Adjarian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
? ? ?
? ?
1921-1990
Flag of Adjarian ASSR
Flag
Coat of arms of Adjarian ASSR
Coat of arms
StatusAutonomous republic of the Soviet Union
CapitalBatumi
Recognised regional languagesRussian
Georgian
GovernmentAutonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
History 
o Established
1921
o Disestablished
1990
CurrencyRuble
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Map of the Adjarian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in 1922.

The Adjarian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Adjarian ASSR or Adzhar ASSR; Georgian: ? ?; Russian: ? ? ?) was an autonomous republic of the Soviet Union within the Georgian SSR, established on 16 July 1921.[1] After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, it became the Autonomous Republic of Adjara within Georgia.

Establishment

After a temporary occupation by Turkish and British troops in 1918–1920, Ajaria was reunited with Georgia in 1920. A brief military conflict in March 1921 prompted the government in Ankara to cede the territory to Georgia as a consequence of Article VI of the Treaty of Kars, with the condition for autonomy to be provided for the Muslim population. Accordingly, the Soviet Union established the Adjarian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic on 16 July 1921. Nonetheless, Islam within the new republic, as elsewhere in the Soviet Union and in common with Christianity, was persecuted and repressed.

See also

References

  1. ^ "1936 CONSTITUTION OF THE USSR". Brucknell University. December 1936. Retrieved 2014.

Coordinates: 41°39?00?N 42°00?00?E / 41.6500°N 42.0000°E / 41.6500; 42.0000



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