Administrative Divisions of Slovakia
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Administrative Divisions of Slovakia
Regions of Slovakia
Kraje Slovenska
CategoryUnitary state
LocationSlovak Republic
Number8 Regions
Populations563,591 (Trnava) - 825,022 (Pre?ov)
Areas2,052.6 km2 (792.5 sq mi) (Bratislava) - 9,454.8 km2 (3,650.5 sq mi) (Banská Bystrica)
Government
Subdivisions

Since 1949 (except 1990-1996), Slovakia has been divided into a number of kraje (singular kraj; usually translated as "Regions" with capital R).[1] Their number, borders and functions have been changed several times. There are currently eight regions of Slovakia and they correspond to the EU's NUTS 3 level of local administrative units. Each kraj consists of okresy (counties or districts). There are currently 79 districts.

List

After a period without kraje and without any equivalent (1990-1996), the kraje were reintroduced in 1996. As for administrative division, Slovakia has been subdivided into 8 kraje since 24 July 1996:

Flag Arms Region Capital Population (2018) Area (km2) Density NUTS level 3 Seats

in Regional Council

Bratislavsky vlajka.svg Coat of Arms of Bratislava Region.svg Bratislava Bratislava Increase 659,598 2,052.6 321.34 SK010 50
Trnavsky vlajka.svg Coat of Arms of Trnava Region.svg Trnava Trnava Increase 563,591 4,172.2 135.08 SK021 40
Trenciansky vlajka.svg Coat of Arms of Tren?ín Region.svg Tren?ín Tren?ín Decrease 585,882 4,501.9 130.14 SK022 47
Nitriansky vlajka.svg Coat of Arms of Nitra Region.svg Nitra Nitra Decrease 676,672 6,343.4 106.67 SK023 54
Zilinsky vlajka.svg Coat of Arms of ?ilina Region.svg ?ilina ?ilina Increase 691,368 6,808.4 101.54 SK031 57
Banskobystricky vlajka.svg Coat of Arms of Banská Bystrica Region.svg Banská Bystrica Banská Bystrica Decrease 647,875 9,454.8 68.52 SK032 49
Presovsky vlajka.svg Coat of Arms of Pre?ov Region.svg Pre?ov Pre?ov Increase 825,022 8,974.5 91.92 SK041 62
Kosicky vlajka.svg Coat of Arms of Ko?ice Region.svg Ko?ice Ko?ice Increase 800,414 6,751.9 118.32 SK042 57
Total 5 427 917 49 035   111.3 416

Since 2002, Slovakia is divided into 8 samosprávne kraje (self-governing regions), which are called by the Constitution vyie územné celky (Higher Territorial Units), abbr. VÚC. The territory and borders of the self-governing regions are identical with the territory and borders of the kraje. Therefore, the word "kraj" can be replaced by "VÚC" or "samosprávny kraj" in each case in the above list. The main difference is that organs of samosprávne kraje are self-governing, with an elected chairperson and assembly, while the organs of kraje are appointed by the government.

Name

The term "Region" (Slovak: kraj) should not be confused with:

History

Prior to 1949

Historically, Slovakia was not divided into kraje, but into counties (Slovak: ?upy or stolice). This was the case when present-day Slovakia was part of:

In 1928-1939 (and formally also 1945-1948) Slovakia as a whole formed the administrative unit "Slovak land" (Krajina slovenská) within Czechoslovakia.

24 December 1948/1 January 1949 - 30 June 1960

  • Bratislavský kraj (Bratislava Region)
  • Banskobystrický kraj (Banská Bystrica Region)
  • Ko?ický kraj (Ko?ice Region)
  • Nitriansky kraj (Nitra Region)
  • Pre?ovský kraj (Pre?ov Region)
  • ?ilinský kraj (?ilina Region)

Each kraj was named after its principal city.

July 1, 1960 - December 19, 1990

  • Stredoslovenský kraj (Central Slovak Region)
  • Východoslovenský kraj (Eastern Slovak Region)
  • Západoslovenský kraj (Western Slovak Region)
  • Bratislava (before March 22, 1968, part of the Západoslovenský kraj, afterwards a partly separate entity; from January 1971 a separate kraj)

Note: The kraje were abolished from July 1, 1969, to December 28, 1970, and reintroduced then.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Regions". Slovakia.com.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Administrative_divisions_of_Slovakia
 



 



 
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