Alex%C4%83ndrel
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Alex%C4%83ndrel
Alex?ndrel
Prince of Moldavia
(1st reign)
ReignFebruary - 12 October 1449
PredecessorPetru III
SuccessorBogdan II
Prince of Moldavia
(2nd reign)
ReignFebruary 1452 - August 1454
PredecessorBogdan II
SuccessorPeter Aaron
Prince of Moldavia
(3rd reign)
ReignFebruary - 25 May 1455
PredecessorPeter Aaron
SuccessorPeter Aaron
Born1429
Died25 May 1455
Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi
Spouseunmarried
DynastyBogdan-Mu?at
FatherIlia? of Moldavia
MotherMaria
ReligionOrthodox

Alex?ndrel or Alex?ndru II (1429 - 25 May 1455), son of Ilia? of Moldavia, was the prince (or voivode) of Moldavia in 1449, from 1452 to 1454, and in 1455.

Life

He preferred the alliance with the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth,[1] in contrast with Peter III of Moldavia, who was protégé of John Hunyadi, Governor of Hungary.[2] The influence of Hungary weakened after the Ottomans defeated Hunyadi's army in the second Battle of Kosovo in October 1448.[1] With the support of boyars who preferred an alliance with the Commonwealth, Alex?ndrel expelled Peter III from Moldavia and seized the throne[1][2] in February 1449.[3] He confirmed the privileges of the merchants of Bra?ov.[1] According to the Moldavian-Polish chronicle, Alex?ndrel also ceded Chilia (now Kiliya in Ukraine) to Hungary, but two other Moldavian chronicles attribute the same act to his predecessor.[4] In October 1449,[3] Hunyadi's other protégé, Bogdan II broke into Moldavia, forcing Alex?ndrel to flee.[5][1]

After Bogdan was murdered, Alex?ndrel and Petru Aron divided Moldavia among themselves.[6] Alex?ndrel took control of southern Moldavia.[6] He united Moldavia with the support of Hunyadi.[6] He signed a treaty with Hunyadi on 16 February 1453, recognizing him as the protector of Moldavia.[5] Petru Aaron expelled him from Moldavia in March or May 1455.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Ciobanu 1991, p. 34.
  2. ^ a b Mure?anu 2001, p. 171.
  3. ^ a b Treptow & Popa 1996, p. lii.
  4. ^ Mure?anu 2001, p. 13.
  5. ^ a b Mure?anu 2001, p. 173.
  6. ^ a b c Ciobanu 1991, p. 35.
  7. ^ Ciobanu 1991, p. 39.

Sources

  • Ciobanu, Veniamin (1991). "The equilibrium policy of the Romanian principalities in East-Central Europe, 1444-1485". In Treptow, Kurt W. (ed.). Dracula: Essays on the Life and Times of Vlad ?epe?. East European Monographs, Distributed by Columbia University Press. pp. 29-52. ISBN 0-88033-220-4.
  • Mure?anu, Camil (2001). John Hunyadi: Defender of Christendom. The Center for Romanian Studies. ISBN 973-9432-18-2.
  • Treptow, Kurt W.; Popa, Marcel (1996). Historical Dictionary of Romania. Scarecrow Press, Inc. ISBN 0-8108-3179-1.

External links

Preceded by
Petru III
Voivode of Moldavia
1449
Succeeded by
Bogdan II
Preceded by
Bogdan II
Voivode of Moldavia
1452-1454
Succeeded by
Petru Aron
Preceded by
Petru Aron
Voivode of Moldavia
1455
Succeeded by
Petru Aron



  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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