Universitatea ,,Alexandru Ioan Cuza" din Ia?i
|University of Ia?i|
Cuza Vod? University
|Motto||Per libertatem ad veritatem (Latin)|
Motto in English
|Through freedom to truth|
|Established||26 October 1860|
1835 - Academia Mih?ilean?
1707 - Princely Academy of Ia?i
1640 - Academia Vasilian?
|Affiliation||Coimbra Group (CG), Utrecht Network, European University Association (EUA), International Association of Universities (IAU), University Agency of Francophony (AUF), Network of Francophone Universities (RUFAC)|
|Colors||Yellow White and Sky Blue|
The Alexandru Ioan Cuza University (Romanian: Universitatea ,,Alexandru Ioan Cuza"; acronym: UAIC) is a public university located in Ia?i, Romania. Founded one year after the establishment of the Romanian state, by an 1860 decree of Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza, under whom the former Academia Mih?ilean? was converted to a university, the University of Ia?i, as it was named at first, is the oldest university of Romania, and one of its advanced research and education institutions. It is one of the five members of the Universitaria Consortium (the group of elite Romanian universities).
The Alexandru Ioan Cuza University offers study programmes in Romanian, English, and French. In 2008, for the third year in a row, it was placed first in the national research ranking compiled on the basis of Shanghai criteria. In the 2012 QS World University Rankings, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University was included in the Top 700 universities of the world, on the position 601+ , together with three other Romanian universities.
The University is a member of some of the most important university networks and associations: the Coimbra Group (CG), Utrecht Network, European University Association (EUA), International Association of Universities (IAU), University Agency of Francophony (AUF), and the Network of Francophone Universities (RUFAC).
Ia?i has a long tradition in higher education, the first institute that functioned on the territory of Romania was Academia Vasilian? founded in 1640 by the Moldavian Prince Vasile Lupu, followed, in 1707, by Princely Academy of Ia?i. The Princely Academy (renamed, in 1812, The Academy of Filology and Science) matched up to the standards of the other European Academies of the time and the Romanian language gained importance over the Greek language.
The foundation, in 1835, of the Academia Mih?ilean? is considered a landmark in the history of Romanian higher education. The Academia Mih?ilean? was created under the auspices of Prince Mihail Sturdza (hence its name), striving for progress and for "meeting the standards of the enlightened Europe". Three faculties were set up: the Faculty of Law, the Faculty of Philosophy and the Faculty of Theology and the curriculum resembled to a great extent that of Austrian and German academies.
After the Unification of the Romanian Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia by the Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza, the inauguration, at 26 October 1860, of the University of Ia?i, the first Romanian modern university, was to be a stepping stone to modern higher education in Romania.
By 1879, the University of Ia?i had four faculties: Law, Letters and Philosophy, Sciences, and Medicine. In 1892, the Faculty of Sciences added the Department of Organic and Inorganic Chemistry, followed by the Department of Agricultural Chemistry, in 1906, and the School of the Industrial Electricity, in 1910.
In March 1937, the technical higher education departments and the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences were transferred to the newly established Gheorghe Asachi Polytechnic School, and in 1948, the Medical School became the independent Institute of Medicine and Pharmacy of Ia?i.
Its coat of arms with the Y shaped heraldic pall symbolizes the three initiatives which led to the foundation of the University: the Academia Vasilian?, the Academia Mih?ilean?, the University of Ia?i. The central element is the Bible, the classic emblem of higher education. The three shiny stars stand for the three faculties of the University at its foundation moment, Philosophy, Law and Theology, on blue and argent background, the same colors used on the Cuza family shield.
The university grounds lie on Copou Hill in the northern part of the city.
The main university building, known as the University Palace, was erected between 1893 and 1897, and extended in 1933-1937, on the site of the first Ia?i National Theatre which had burned down in 1888. The Hall of the University, known as The Hall of the Lost Footsteps, served as a parliamentary debating chamber between 1917 and 1918 when, during the Great War, Ia?i was the capital of Romania. In 1968-1978, the painter Sabin B?la?a created a series of strongly romanticized frescoes for the arcades. The University Palace is shared with the Gheorghe Asachi Technical University.
Nowadays, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University is made up of 15 faculties and one department:
Founded in 1835 as Library of the Academia Mih?ilean?, Mihai Eminescu Central University Library holds about 2.5 million volumes that form the main collection and an old and rare collection, from the 15th to the 19th centuries, of over 100,000 Romanian and foreign documents, manuscripts, books, albums, maps, stamps, archive items.
The building that houses the main collection is located at the base of Copou Hill, and it was built between 1930 and 1935 to serve as the headquarters of King Ferdinand's Cultural Foundation. The triangular building with Doric columns and cupola is decorated with Carrara marble and Venetian mosaics. By 1945, the Foundation library had become one of the biggest in the country. Today, the library is the largest in Moldavia, with a great number of manuscripts and old books.
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University is involved in over 400 national and international research projects, with the logistic support of 24 research centres.
The University is a member of different university networks and associations, such as the Coimbra Group, the European University Association, the Utrecht Network, the International Association of Universities, or the Agence universitaire de la Francophonie.