Amakasu Incident
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Amakasu Incident
A clip from the Mainichi Shimbun, on the death of It? Noe and ?sugi Sakae.

The Amakasu Incident (Amakasu jiken) was the murder of two prominent Japanese anarchists and a young boy by military police, led by Lieutenant Amakasu Masahiko, in September 1923. The victims were ?sugi Sakae, an informal leader of the Japanese anarchist movement, together with the anarcha-feminist It? Noe (his wife), and ?sugi's child nephew.[1]

During the chaos that followed the catastrophic 1923 Great Kant? earthquake, Japanese authorities killed many dissidents and ethnic Koreans in what became known as the Kant? Massacre. It?, ?sugi, and his nephew were arrested on 16 September.[1] According to writer and activist Jakucho Setouchi, It?, ?sugi, and his 6-year-old nephew were arrested, beaten to death and thrown into an abandoned well by a squad of military police led by Lieutenant Masahiko Amakasu.[2] According to literary scholar Patricia Morley, It? and ?sugi were strangled in their cells.[3] Both accounts agree that both or all of the prisoners were brutally executed without a trial, where convictions and death sentences for the two adults would have been almost guaranteed. These killings, which became known as the Amakasu Incident, sparked widespread anger. The historian John Crump argued that "once again, the most able anarchist of his generation had been murdered," echoing the execution of K?toku Sh?sui in the High Treason Incident just twelve years prior.[1]

Following nationwide outcry, Amakasu was court-martialed and sentenced to 10 years in prison. When Hirohito became Emperor of Japan three years later, Amakasu was released. He studied in France and became a special agent for the Imperial Japanese Army in Manchuria.[4] When Japan surrendered in August 1945 he killed himself with potassium cyanide.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Crump, John (1993). Hatta Sh?z? and Pure Anarchism in Interwar Japan. London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 43. doi:10.1007/978-1-349-23038-9. ISBN 978-1-349-23040-2.
  2. ^ Setouchi, Harumi (1993). Beauty in Disarray (1st ed.). Rutland, Vermont: Charles E. Tuttle Company. pp. 18-19. ISBN 0-8048-1866-5.
  3. ^ Morley, Patricia (1999). The Mountain is Moving: Japanese Women's Lives. University of British Columbia Press. p. 19. ISBN 9780774806756.
  4. ^ Cybriwsky, Roman (2011). Historical Dictionary of Tokyo. Scarecrow Press. p. 21. ISBN 978-0-8108-7489-3.

External links

  • (?) (in Japanese)
  • ? ? ? ( ) (in Japanese)
  • (?) (in Japanese)

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