Amal Language
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Amal Language
RegionSandaun Province and East Sepik Province
Native speakers
830 (2003)[1]
Language codes

Amal is a language spoken along the border of Sandaun Province and East Sepik Province, Papua New Guinea, along the Wagana River near the confluence with Wanibe Creek.[2] Foley (2018) classifies Amal as a primary branch of the Sepik languages, though it is quite close to Kalou.


Pronouns are:[3]

Amal pronouns
sg pl
1 ?an nut
2 in kun
3 may ilum


Amal cognates with Sepik languages are:[3]

  • tal 'woman'
  • yan 'child'
  • lal 'tongue' < proto-Sepik *ta(w)r
  • mi 'breast' < proto-Sepik *muk
  • waplo 'liver'
  • nip 'blood'
  • yen 'egg'
  • ak 'house'

Foley (2018) notes that there appears to be somewhat more lexical similarities between Amal and the Tama languages, but does not consider them to form a group with each other.


The following basic vocabulary words of Amal are from Laycock (1968),[4] as cited in the Trans-New Guinea database:[5]

gloss Amal
head mak?l?
ear marj
eye nai
nose yime?
tooth pu
tongue lal
louse ?in
dog wun
bird yok
egg yen
blood ni:p
bone nolak
skin pu:k
breast m
tree pi:t
man wul
woman tal
sun mwak
moon yimal
water i:p
fire wa:
stone tipal
two kila


  1. ^ Amal at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Eberhard, David M.; Simons, Gary F.; Fennig, Charles D., eds. (2019). "Papua New Guinea languages". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (22nd ed.). Dallas: SIL International.
  3. ^ a b Foley, William A. (2018). "The Languages of the Sepik-Ramu Basin and Environs". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 197-432. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
  4. ^ Laycock, Donald C. 1968. Languages of the Lumi Subdistrict (West Sepik District), New Guinea. Oceanic Linguistics, 7 (1): 36-66.
  5. ^ Greenhill, Simon (2016). " - database of the languages of New Guinea". Retrieved .

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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