Amalfi Coast
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Amalfi Coast
Amalfi Coast
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Ravello September 2007.jpg
Official nameCostiera Amalfitana
LocationCampania, Italy
CriteriaCultural: (ii), (iv), (v)
Reference830
Inscription1997 (21st Session)
Area11,231 ha (43.36 sq mi)
Websitewww.amalficoastweb.com/index_italiano.html
Coordinates40°39?N 14°36?E / 40.650°N 14.600°E / 40.650; 14.600Coordinates: 40°39?N 14°36?E / 40.650°N 14.600°E / 40.650; 14.600
Amalfi Coast is located in Italy
Amalfi Coast
Location of Amalfi Coast in Italy

The Amalfi Coast (Italian: Costiera Amalfitana) is a stretch of coastline on the Tyrrhenian Sea, located in the Gulf of Salerno in Southern Italy.

The Amalfi Coast is a popular tourist destination for the region and Italy as a whole, attracting thousands of tourists annually.[1] In 1997, the Amalfi Coast was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[2]

History

During the 10th-11th centuries, the Duchy of Amalfi existed on the territory of the Amalfi Coast, centred in the town of Amalfi. The Amalfi coast was later controlled by the Principality of Salerno, until Amalfi was sacked by the Republic of Pisa in 1137.[3]

Geography

View of the Amalfi Coast

Like the rest of the region, the Amalfi Coast lies in a Mediterranean climate, featuring warm summers and mild winters. It is located on the relatively steep southern shore of the Sorrentine Peninsula, leaving little room for rural and agricultural territories.[4] The only land route to the Amalfi Coast is the 40 kilometres (25 mi) long Strada Statale 163 which runs along the coastline from the town of Vietri sul Mare in the east to Positano in the west. Thirteen municipalities are located on the Amalfi Coast, many of them centered on tourism.[5]

Municipalities

Municipality Frazioni Attractions
Vietri sul Mare Albori, Benincasa, Dragonea,[a] Molina, Raito Church of Saint John Baptist
Cetara Fuenti Tower of Cetara
Maiori Erchie, Ponteprimario, San Pietro, Santa Maria delle Grazie, Vecite Collegiata di Santa Maria, Castle of San Nicola de Thoro Plano, Santa Maria de Olearia
Tramonti Campinola, Capitignano, Cesarano, Corsano, Figlino, Gete, Novella, Paterno Sant'Arcangelo, Paterno Sant'Elia, Pietre, Polvica,[b] Ponte, Pucara Conservatory of Pucara, Rupestrian Church in Gete
Minori Montecita, Torre Church of Santa Trofimena and the ancient Roman villa
Ravello Casa Bianca, Castiglione, Marmorata, Sambuco, Torello Villa Cimbrone, Villa Rufolo, San Giovanni del Toro, and the Duomo (Cathedral)
Scala Campidoglio, Minuta, Pontone Scala Cathedral
Atrani none Churches of San Salvatore del Birecto and Santa Maria Maddalena
Amalfi Lone, Pastena, Pogerola, Tovere, Vettica Minore Amalfi Cathedral, and its cloister (Italian: Chiostro del Paradiso)
Conca dei Marini none Main church of Saint John Baptist and the Emerald Grotto
Furore Fiordo di Furore, Marina di Praia[c] Fjord of Furore
Praiano Vettica Maggiore Churches of San Luca and San Gennaro and Saint John Baptist
Positano Montepertuso, Nocelle Church of Santa Maria Assunta
Panoramic view of the town of Amalfi seen from the pier with the Amalfi Cathedral in the center

Economy

Amalfi Coast from boat

The Amalfi Coast is known for its production of limoncello liqueur as the area is a known cultivator of lemons, known as sfusato amalfitano in Italian, which are grown in terraced gardens along the entire coast between February and October.[6] Amalfi is also a known maker of a hand-made thick paper which is called bambagina.[7] Other renowned local products are a particular kind of anchovies (local Italian: alici) from Cetara, and the colorful handmade ceramics from Vietri.[]

Transport

There are buses and ferries along the Amalfi Coast.[8] There are also boat excursions from Positano and Amalfi.

Airport

Amalfi from a tour boat

The nearest airport is the Salerno Costa d'Amalfi Airport. However, the most used airport to reach the area from abroad is Naples International Airport (Napoli-Capodichino).

In popular culture

View of Atrani from the coast
Panoramic view of Positano

The rulers of Amalfi are the central figures in John Webster's Jacobean tragedy The Duchess of Malfi. The Dutch artist M.C. Escher produced a number of artworks of the Amalfi coast,[9] and Spike Milligan describes his time in Amalfi during a period of leave in the fourth part of his war memoirs, Mussolini: His Part in My Downfall.[10]

The Amalfi Coast was used for scenes of Federico Fellini's 1972 film Roma and for the 2017 American superhero film Wonder Woman, where it was depicted as the Amazon island of Themyscira.[11]

The Amalfi Coast serves as a setting for fictional tracks in the Forza Motorsport 3,[12] Forza Motorsport 4 and Gran Turismo 4.

The city of Positano is featured in John Steinbeck's 1953 short story Positano.[13] The city is also featured in Under the Tuscan Sun, Christopher Nolan's Tenet and the Kath and Kim movie Kath & Kimderella.[14]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Includes the localities of Iaconti and San Vincenzo.
  2. ^ Polvica is the municipal seat of Tramonti.
  3. ^ Partly included in the municipality of Praiano.

References

  1. ^ "Bay of Naples & Amalfi Coast History". Unique Costiera. Archived from the original on 31 October 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  2. ^ "Costiera Amalfitana". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2015.
  3. ^ Matthews, Jeff. "Naples". Around Naples Encyclopedia. University of Maryland University College. Archived from the original on 15 July 2011. Retrieved 2015.
  4. ^ "Amalfi Geography". Authentic Italy. Archived from the original on 4 July 2008. Retrieved 2015.
  5. ^ "Amalfi People and Culture". Authentic Italy. Archived from the original on 5 August 2014. Retrieved 2015.
  6. ^ "National cultivars". Limmi. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  7. ^ "The Amalfi Coast Paper Museum". Retrieved 2012.
  8. ^ "Amalfi coast bus & ferries: Timetables". Theamalficoast.net. Retrieved 2015.
  9. ^ "Atrani, Coast of Amalfi". mcescher.com. 1931.
  10. ^ see Penguin paperback edition, pp 220 and forwards
  11. ^ "Here Are the Magical Places the Cast of Wonder Woman Stayed in Italy". cosmopolitan.com. 1 June 2017. Retrieved 2018.
  12. ^ "Forza 3's Ferrari Collection, Amalfi Coast Track Pictured". ShackNews. Retrieved 2011.
  13. ^ "Positano by John Steinbeck". FortuneCity. May 1953. Archived from the original on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  14. ^ "Kath and Kimderella". Time Out Worldwide. Retrieved .

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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