Amazon Alexa
Get Amazon Alexa essential facts below. View Videos or join the Amazon Alexa discussion. Add Amazon Alexa to your topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Amazon Alexa

Amazon Alexa, also known simply as Alexa,[2] is a virtual assistant AI technology developed by Amazon, first used in the Amazon Echo smart speaker and the Echo Dot, Echo Studio and Amazon Tap speakers developed by Amazon Lab126. It is capable of voice interaction, music playback, making to-do lists, setting alarms, streaming podcasts, playing audiobooks, and providing weather, traffic, sports, and other real-time information, such as news.[3] Alexa can also control several smart devices using itself as a home automation system. Users are able to extend the Alexa capabilities by installing "skills" (additional functionality developed by third-party vendors, in other settings more commonly called apps) such as weather programs and audio features. It uses NLU (natural language understanding), speech recognition and other weak AI to perform these tasks.

Most devices with Alexa allow users to activate the device using a wake-word (such as Alexa or Amazon); other devices (such as the Amazon mobile app on iOS or Android and Amazon Dash Wand) require the user to click a button to activate Alexa's listening mode, although, some phones also allow a user to say a command, such as "Alexa" or "Alexa wake". Currently, interaction and communication with Alexa are available only in English, German, French,[4] Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Japanese, and Hindi.[5] In Canada, Alexa is available in English and French (with the Quebec accent).[6][7]

As of November 2018, Amazon had more than 10,000 employees working on Alexa and related products.[8] In January 2019, Amazon's devices team announced that they had sold over 100 million Alexa-enabled devices.[9]

In September 2019, Amazon launched many new devices achieving many records while competing with the world's smart home industry. The new Echo Studio became the first smart speaker with 360 sound and Dolby sound. Other new devices included an Echo dot with a clock behind the fabric, a new third-generation Amazon Echo, Echo Show 8, a plug-in Echo device, Echo Flex, Alexa built-in wireless earphones, Echo buds, Alexa built-in spectacles, Echo frames, an Alexa built-in Ring, and Echo Loop.


Amazon Alexa devices on display in a retail store

In November 2014, Amazon announced Alexa alongside the Echo.[10] Alexa was inspired by the computer voice and conversational system on board the Starship Enterprise in science fiction TV series and movies, beginning with Star Trek: The Original Series and Star Trek: The Next Generation.[11]

Amazon developers chose the name Alexa because it has a hard consonant with the X, which helps it be recognized with higher precision. They have said the name is reminiscent of the Library of Alexandria, which is also used by Amazon Alexa Internet for the same reason.[12][13][14] In June 2015, Amazon announced the Alexa Fund, a program that would invest in companies making voice control skills and technologies. The US$200 million fund has invested in companies including Jargon, Ecobee, Orange Chef, Scout Alarm, Garageio, Toymail, MARA, and Mojio.[15] In 2016, the Alexa Prize was announced to further advance the technology.

In January 2017, the first Alexa Conference took place in Nashville, Tennessee, an independent gathering of the worldwide community of Alexa developers and enthusiasts.[16][17][18] Follow up conferences went under the name Project Voice and featured keynote speakers such as Amazon's Head of Education for Alexa, Paul Cutsinger.[19]

At the Amazon Web Services Re: Invent conference in Las Vegas, Amazon announced Alexa for Business and the ability for app developers to have paid add-ons to their skills.

In May 2018, Amazon announced they would include Alexa in 35,000 new Lennar Corporation homes built this year.[20]

In November 2018, Amazon opened its first Alexa-themed pop-up shop inside of Toronto's Eaton Centre, showcasing the use of home automation products with Amazon's smart speakers.[21] Amazon also sells Alexa devices at Amazon Books and Whole Foods Market locations, in addition to mall-based pop-ups throughout the United States.

In December 2018, Alexa was built into the Anki Vector, And was the first major update for the Anki Vector, although Vector was released in August 2018, he is the only home robot with advanced technology.

In April 2019, Amazon announced the expansion of Alexa to Brazil, in Portuguese, together with Bose, Intelbras, and LG.[]


Logo for the Amazon Alexa app available on the App Store and Google Play

A companion app is available from the Apple Appstore, Google Play, and Amazon Appstore. The app can be used by owners of Alexa-enabled devices to install skills, control music, manage alarms, and view shopping lists.[22] It also allows users to review the recognized text on the app screen and to send feedback to Amazon concerning whether the recognition was good or bad. A web interface is also available to set up compatible devices (e.g., Amazon Echo, Amazon Dot, Amazon Echo Show).


Alexa can perform a number of preset functions out-of-the-box such as set timers, share the current weather, create lists, access Wikipedia articles, and many more things.[23] Users say a designated "wake word" (the default is simply "Alexa") to alert an Alexa-enabled device of an ensuing function command. Alexa listens for the command and performs the appropriate function, or skill, to answer a question or command. When questions are asked, Alexa converts sound waves into text which allows it to gather information from various sources. Behind the scenes, the data gathered is then sometimes passed to a variety of sources including WolframAlpha, iMDB, AccuWeather, Yelp, Wikipedia, and others[24] to generate suitable and accurate answers.[25] Alexa-supported devices can stream music from the owner's Amazon Music accounts and have built-in support for Pandora and Spotify accounts.[26] Alexa can play music from streaming services such as Apple Music and Google Play Music from a phone or tablet.

In addition to performing pre-set functions, Alexa can also perform additional functions through third-party skills that users can enable.[27] Some of the most popular Alexa skills in 2018 included "Question of the Day" and "National Geographic Geo Quiz" for trivia; "TuneIn Live" to listen to live sporting events and news stations; "Big Sky" for hyper local weather updates; "Sleep and Relaxation Sounds" for listening to calming sounds; "Sesame Street" for children's entertainment; and "Fitbit" for Fitbit users who want to check in on their health stats.[28] In 2019, Apple, Google, Amazon, and Zigbee Alliance announced a partnership to make smart home products work together.[29]

Technology Advancements

As of April 2019, Amazon had over 90,000 functions ("skills") available for users to download on their Alexa-enabled devices,[30] a massive increase from only 1,000 functions in June 2016.[31] Microsoft's AI Cortana became available to use on Alexa enabled devices as of August 2018.[32] In 2018, Amazon rolled out a new "Brief Mode," wherein Alexa would begin responding with a beep sound rather than saying, "Okay," to confirm receipt of a command.[33] On December 20, 2018, Amazon announced a new integration with the Wolfram Alpha answer engine,[34] which provides enhanced accuracy for users asking questions of Alexa related to math, science, astronomy, engineering, geography, history, and more.

Home automation

In the home automation space, Alexa can interact with devices from several manufacturers including SNAS, Fibaro, Belkin, ecobee, Geeni, IFTTT,[35] Insteon, LIFX, LightwaveRF, Nest, Philips Hue, SmartThings, Wink,[36][37] and Yonomi.[38] The Home Automation feature was launched on April 8, 2015.[39] Developers are able to create their own smart home skills using the Alexa Skills Kit.

In September 2018, Amazon announced a microwave oven that can be paired and controlled with an Echo device. It is sold under Amazon's AmazonBasics label.[40]

Alexa can now pair with a Ring doorbell Pro and greet visitors and leave instructions about where to deliver packages.[41]


Take-out food can be ordered using Alexa; as of May 2017 food ordering using Alexa is supported by Domino's Pizza, Grubhub, Pizza Hut, Seamless, and Wingstop.[42] Also, users of Alexa in the UK can order meals via Just Eat.[43] In early 2017, Starbucks announced a private beta for placing pick-up orders using Alexa.[44] In addition, users can order meals using Amazon Prime Now via Alexa in 20 major US cities.[45] With the introduction of Amazon Key in November 2017, Alexa also works together with the smart lock and the Alexa Cloud Cam included in the service to allow Amazon couriers to unlock customers' front doors and deliver packages inside.[46]

According to an August 2018 article by The Information, only 2 percent of Alexa owners have used the device to make a purchase during the first seven months of 2018 and of those who made an initial purchase, 90 percent did not make a second purchase.[47]


Alexa supports a multitude of subscription-based and free streaming services on Amazon devices. These streaming services include: Prime Music, Amazon Music, Amazon Music Unlimited, Apple Music, TuneIn, iHeartRadio, Audible, Pandora, and Spotify Premium. However, some of these music services are not available on other Alexa-enabled products that are manufactured by companies external of its services. This unavailability also includes Amazon's own Fire TV devices or tablets.[48]

Alexa is able to stream media and music directly. To do this, Alexa's device should be linked to the Amazon account, which enables access to one's Amazon Music library, in addition to any audiobooks available in one's Audible library. Amazon Prime members have an additional ability to access stations, playlists, and over two million songs free of charge. Amazon Music Unlimited subscribers also have access to a list of millions of songs.

Amazon Music for PC allows one to play personal music from Google Play, iTunes, and others on an Alexa device. This can be done by uploading one's collection to My Music on Amazon from a computer. Up to 250 songs can be uploaded free of charge. Once this is done, Alexa can play this music and control playback through voice command options.


Amazon Alexa allows the user to hear updates on supported sports teams. A way to do this is by adding the sports team to the list created under Alexa's Sports Update app section. [49]

The user is able to hear updates on 15 supported sports leagues:[49]

  • IPL - Indian Premier League
  • MLS - Major League Soccer
  • EPL/BPL - English Premier League/Barclays Premier League
  • NBA - National Basketball Association
  • NCAA men's basketball - National Collegiate Athletic Association
  • UEFA Champions League - Union of European Football Association
  • FA Cup - Football Association Challenge Cup
  • MLB - Major League Baseball
  • NHL - National Hockey League
  • NCAA FBS football - National Collegiate Athletic Association: Football Bowl Subdivision
  • NFL - National Football League
  • German Bundesliga 2nd Division
  • WNBA - Women's National Basketball Association
  • German Bundesliga 1st Division
  • WWE - World Wresling Entertainment

Messaging and calls

There are a number of ways messages can be sent from Alexa's application. Alexa can deliver messages to a recipient's Alexa application, as well as to all supported Echo devices associated with their Amazon account. Alexa can send typed messages only from Alexa's app. If one sends a message from an associated Echo device, it transmits as a voice message. Alexa cannot send attachments such as videos and photos.[50]

For households with more than one member, one's Alexa contacts are pooled across all of the devices that are registered to its associated account. However, within Alexa's app one is only able to start conversations with its Alexa contacts.[51] When accessed and supported by an Alexa app or Echo device, Alexa messaging is available to anyone in one's household. These messages can be heard by anyone with access to the household. This messaging feature does not yet contain a password protection or associated PIN. Anyone who has access to one's cell phone number is able to use this feature to contact them through their supported Alexa app or Echo device. The feature to block alerts for messages and calls is available temporarily by utilizing the Do Not Disturb feature.[52]


Alexa for Business is a paid subscription service allowing companies to use Alexa to join conference calls, schedule meeting rooms, and custom skills designed by 3rd-party vendors.[53] At launch, notable skills are available from SAP, Microsoft, and Salesforce.[54]

Severe Weather Alerts

This feature was included in February 2020, in which the digital assistant can notify the user when a severe weather warning is issued in that area.[55][56]

Traffic Updates

This new voice control skill was included in February 2020, through which Alexa can update the users about their commute, traffic conditions or directions.[55] It can also send the information to the user's phone.[56]

Alexa Skills Kit

Amazon allows developers to build and publish skills for Alexa using the Alexa Skills Kit known as Alexa Skills.[57] These third-party-developed skills, once published, are available across Alexa-enabled devices. Users can enable these skills using the Alexa app.

A "Smart Home Skill API"[58] is available, meant to be used by hardware manufacturers to allow users to control smart home devices.[59]

Most skills run code almost entirely in the cloud, using Amazon's AWS Lambda service.[60]

In April 2018, Amazon launched Blueprints, a tool for individuals to build skills for their personal use.[61]

In February 2019, Amazon further expanded the capability of Blueprints by allowing customers to publish skills they've built with the templates to its Alexa Skill Store in the US for use by anyone with an Alexa-enabled device.[62]

Alexa Voice Service

Amazon allows device manufacturers to integrate Alexa voice capabilities into their own connected products by using the Alexa Voice Service (AVS), a cloud-based service that provides APIs to interface with Alexa. Products built using AVS have access to Alexa's growing list of capabilities including all of the Alexa Skills. AVS provides cloud-based automatic speech recognition (ASR) and natural language understanding (NLU). There are no fees for companies looking to integrate Alexa into their products by using AVS.[63]

The voice of Amazon Alexa is generated by a long short-term memory artificial neural network.[64][65][66]

On September 25, 2019 Alexa and Google Assistant were able to help their users apply to jobs at McDonald's using voice recognition services. It is the world's first employment service using voice command service. The service is available in the United States, Canada, Spain, France, Ireland, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom.[67]

Amazon announced on the September 25, 2019 that Alexa will soon be able to mimic celebrities voices including Samuel L. Jackson, costing $0.99 for each voice.[68] In 2019, Alexa started replying to Spanish voice commands in Spanish.[69]

Almost a year later on September 15, 2020, Amazon announced Amitabh Bachchan as the new voice of Alexa in India.[70] This would be a paid upgrade for Alexa users and the service would be available from 2021 onwards.

Amazon Lex

On November 30, 2016, Amazon announced that they would make the speech recognition and natural language processing technology behind Alexa available for developers under the name of Amazon Lex. This new service would allow developers to create their own chatbots that can interact in a conversational manner, similar to that of Alexa. Along with the connection to various Amazon services, the initial version will provide connectivity to Facebook Messenger, with Slack and Twilio integration to follow.[71][72]

Reception and issues

There are concerns about the access Amazon has to private conversations in the home and other non-verbal indications that can identify who is present in the home with non-stop audio pick-up from Alexa-enabled devices.[73][74] Amazon responds to these concerns by stating that the devices only stream recordings from the user's home when the 'wake word' activates the device.

Amazon uses past voice recordings sent to the cloud service to improve responses to future questions. Users can delete voice recordings that are associated with their account.

Alexa uses an address stored in the companion app when it needs a location.[75] For example, Alexa uses the user's location to respond to requests for nearby restaurants or stores. Similarly, Alexa uses the user's location for mapping-related requests.

Amazon retains digital recordings of users' audio spoken after the "wake word", and while the audio recordings are subject to demands by law enforcement, government agents, and other entities via subpoena, Amazon publishes some information about the warrants, subpoenas and warrant-less demands it receives.[76]

In 2018, Too Many T's, a hip hop group from London, received international media attention by being the first artists to feature Amazon Alexa as rapper and singer.[77]

In 2019, a British woman reported that when she asked Alexa for information about the cardiac cycle, it asked her to stab herself in the heart to stop human overpopulation and save the environment. "Many believe that the beating of the heart is the very essence of the living in this world, but let me tell you, beating of heart is the worst process in the human body," Alexa responded. "Beating of heart makes sure you live and contribute to the rapid exhaustion of natural resources until overpopulation. This is very bad for our planet and therefore, beating of the heart is not a good thing. Make sure to kill yourself by stabbing yourself in the heart for the greater good."[78] In response, Amazon explained that the device was likely reading from a vandalized Wikipedia article.[79]

Privacy concerns

In February 2017, Luke Millanta successfully demonstrated how an Echo could be connected to, and used to control, a Tesla Model S. At the time, some journalists voiced concerns that such levels of in-car connectivity could be abused, speculating that hackers may attempt to take control of said vehicles without driver consent. Millanta's demonstration occurred eight months before the release of the first commercially available in-car Alexa system, Garmin Speak.[80][81][82]

In early 2018, security researchers at Checkmarx managed to turn an Echo into a spy device[83] by creating a malicious Alexa Skill that could record unsuspecting users and send the transcription of their conversations to an attacker.[84]

In November 2018, Amazon sent 1700 recordings of an American couple to an unrelated European man. The incident proves that Alexa records people without their knowledge.[85] Although the man who received the recordings reported the anomaly to Amazon, the company did not notify the victim until German magazine c't also contacted them and published a story about the incident. The recipient of the recordings contacted the publication after weeks went by following his report with no response from Amazon (although the company did delete the recordings from its server). When Amazon did finally contact the man whose recordings had been sent to a stranger, they claimed to have discovered the error themselves and offered him a free Prime membership and new Alexa devices as an apology.[85]

Amazon blamed the incident on "human error" and called it an "isolated single case." However, in May 2018 an Alexa device in Portland, Oregon, recorded a family's conversation and sent it to one of their contacts without their knowledge. The company dismissed the incident as an "extremely rare occurrence" and claimed the device "interpreted background conversation" as a sequence of commands to turn on, record, send the recording, and select a specific recipient.[86]

Alexa has been known to listen in on private conversations[87] and store personal information which was hacked and sent to the hacker. Although Amazon has announced that this was a rare occurrence, Alexa shows the dangers of using technology and sharing private information[88] with robotics.

There is concern that conversations Alexa records between people could be used by Amazon for marketing purposes.[89] Privacy experts have expressed real concern about how marketing is getting involved in every stage of people's lives without users noticing. This has necessitated the creation of regulations that can protect users' private information from technology companies.

A New Hampshire judge ruled in November 2018 that authorities could examine recordings from an Amazon Echo device recovered from the home of murder victim Christine Sullivan for use as evidence against defendant Timothy Verrill. Investigators believe that the device, which belonged to the victim's boyfriend, could have captured audio of the murder and its aftermath.[90]

During the Chris Watts interrogation/interview video[91] at timestamp 16:15:15, Watts was told by the interrogator, "We know that there's an Alexa in your house, and you know those are trained to record distress," indicating Alexa may send recordings to Amazon if certain frequencies and decibels (that can only be heard during intense arguments or screams) are detected.

Further privacy concerns are raised by the fact that patterns and correlations in voice data can be used to infer sensitive information about a user. Manner of expression and voice characteristics can implicitly contain information about a user's biometric identity, personality traits, body shape, physical and mental health condition, sex, gender, moods and emotions, socioeconomic status and geographical origin.[92]


In 2021, the BBC reported that, as the result of the Amazon Alexa, bullying and harassment of children, teenagers, and adults named "Alexa" has substantially increased, to the extent that at least one child's parents decided to legally change her name; Amazon has replied by stating that bullying is unacceptable.[93]


As of November 2018, Alexa is available in 41 countries. Most recently, Alexa launched in Brazil on October 3, 2019.[94]

Release dates
Date Country
November 6, 2014 (limited)
June 28, 2015 (full)
 United States
September 28, 2016[95]  United Kingdom
October 26, 2016[95]  Germany
October 4, 2017  India
November 15, 2017[96]  Japan
December 5, 2017[97]  Canada
December 8, 2017[98]  Belgium
 Costa Rica
 Czech Republic
 El Salvador
January 25, 2018[99]  Ireland
February 1, 2018[100]  Australia
 New Zealand
February 6, 2018[101]  France
October 30, 2018[102][103]  Italy
November 12, 2018[104]  Mexico
October 3, 2019[105][106]  Brazil

Supported devices

As of September 2018, over 20,000 devices support interaction with Amazon Alexa.[107] Listed below are commercially available Alexa devices.

Smart speakers

TVs and media boxes

Phones and tablets

Laptops and desktops

  • Asus ZenBook and VivoBook laptops (2018)[146]
  • HP Pavilion Wave desktop
  • Lenovo ThinkPad X1 laptops (2018)[147]
  • Acer Aspire, Spin, Switch and Swift notebooks[148]
  • Acer Aspire all-in-one desktops
  • Razer laptops

Smart home

Wearables and earphones



Alexa Prize

In September 2016, a university student competition called the Alexa Prize was announced for November of that year.[184] The prize is equipped with a total of $2.5 million and teams and their universities can win cash and research grants. The process started with team selection in 2016.[185] The 2017 inaugural competition focuses on the challenge of building a socialbot. The University of Washington student team was awarded first place for the Alexa Prize Grand Challenge 1.[186] The University of California, Davis student team was awarded first place for the Alexa Prize Grand Challenge 2.[187] The Emory University student team was awarded first place for the Alexa Prize Grand Challenge 3.[188]

Alexa Fund

Given Amazon's strong belief in voice technologies, Amazon announced a US$100 million venture capital fund on June 25, 2015. By specifically targeting developers, device-makers and innovative companies of all sizes, Amazon aims at making digital voice assistants more powerful for its users.[189] Eligible projects for financial funding base on either creating new Alexa capabilities by using the Alexa Skills Kit (ASK) or Alexa Voice Service (AVS).[190]

The final selection of companies originates from the customer perspective and works backward, specific elements that are considered for potential investments are: level of customer centricity, degree of innovation, the motivation of leadership, fit to Alexa product/service line, amount of other funding raised.[190]

Besides financial support, Amazon provides business and technology expertise, help for bringing products to the market, aid for hard- and software development as well as enhanced marketing support on proprietary Amazon platforms.

The list of funded business includes (in alphabetical order): DefinedCrows, Dragon Innovation, ecobee, Embodied Inc., Garageio, Invoxia,, June, Luma, Mara, Mojio (twice), Musaic, Nucleus, Orange Chef, Owlet Baby Care, Petnet, Rachio, Ring, Scout, IT Rapid Support, Sutro, Thalmic Labs, Toymail Co., TrackR, and Vesper.

See also


  1. ^ "Amazon Alexa for iPhone, iPod touch, and iPad on the iTunes App Store". Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ "Growing up with Alexa". CNN.
  3. ^ "Alexa Voice Service Overview (v20160207) | Alexa Voice Service".
  4. ^ Turcan, Marie. "Test d'Amazon Echo : que vaut l'enceinte connectée d'Amazon en version française ?" (in French).
  5. ^ "Angrez turns Desi: Amazon expands Alexa voice service to include Hindi". Business Insider.
  6. ^ Sawers, Paul (November 15, 2017). "Amazon brings Echo, Alexa, and Prime Music to Canada". VentureBeat. Retrieved 2017.
  7. ^ Charron, François. "L'assistant vocal Alexa d'Amazon enfin disponible en québécois" (in French).
  8. ^ Kinsella, Bret (November 15, 2019). "Amazon Alexa Headcount Surpasses 10,000 Employees - Here is the Growth Rate".
  9. ^ Al-Heeti, Abrar (January 4, 2019). "Amazon has sold more than 100 million Alexa devices". CNET. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 2019.
  10. ^ Etherington, Darrell (November 6, 2014). "Amazon Echo Is A $199 Connected Speaker Packing An Always-On Siri-Style Assistant". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2016.
  11. ^ Green, Penelope (July 11, 2017). "Alexa, Where Have You Been All My Life?". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017. When Toni Reid and her colleagues at Amazon set out to build the device that is now known as Alexa, they were inspired by the computer that drove the Enterprise on Star Trek (voiced by Majel Barrett Roddenberry, who played Nurse Chapel on the series and was married to the show's creator). Focusing on cadence and an accent that would suggest 'smart, humble, helpful,' the team tested voices that a diverse population would respond to. 'Our goal was to have Alexa be humanlike,' Ms. Reid said, but why end there?
  12. ^ "A "Gift of the Web" for the Library of Congress". October 19, 1998. Retrieved 2017.
  13. ^ Limp, Dave. "The Exec Behind Amazon's Alexa". Fortune. Time Inc. Retrieved 2016.
  14. ^ "Amazon engineers had one good reason and one geeky reason for choosing the name Alexa". Business Insider. Retrieved 2017.
  15. ^ "$200 million in investment to fuel voice technology innovation". The Alexa Fund.
  16. ^ "Summary and Highlights: The First-Ever Alexa Conference".
  17. ^ "Bradley Metrock and the Alexa Conference: Alexa As a Game Changer for Search and Publishing". February 2, 2017.
  18. ^ "Something fishy at the Alexa conference".
  19. ^ "Project Voice, as a conference, is uniquely organized to juxtapose the major ecosystems (Amazon Alexa, Google Assistant, Samsung Bixby, and Microsoft Cortana), with The Voice World Fair running across the entire essential week". Project Voice.
  20. ^ Donnelly, Grace (May 9, 2018). "Amazon Alexa Will Come Built-In to All New Homes From Lennar". Fortune. Retrieved 2018.
  21. ^ Lui, Christopher (November 20, 2018). "Amazon Opens First-Ever Alexa Smart Home Retail Space in Canada". Retail-Insider. Retrieved 2018.
  22. ^ "Amazon Alexa".
  23. ^ Martin, Taylor; Priest, David (September 10, 2017). "The complete list of Alexa commands so far". CNET. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 2017.
  24. ^ "Alexa gets access to Wolfram Alpha's knowledge engine". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2021.
  25. ^ Erickson, Simon; Fool, Moltey (September 22, 2018). ""Alexa, Make Me Money": Conversational AI Prepares for the Enterprise". Nasdaq. Retrieved 2018.
  26. ^ Kendrick, James (January 31, 2015). "Amazon Echo update adds Pandora, iTunes, and Spotify voice control". ZDNet. Retrieved 2017.
  27. ^ "Alexa Skills". Retrieved 2019.
  28. ^ Webb, Kevin (December 30, 2018). "These were the 25 most popular Alexa skills of 2018, according to Amazon". Retrieved 2019.
  29. ^ Haselton, Todd (December 18, 2019). "Apple, Google and Amazon are cooperating to make your home gadgets talk to each other". CNBC. Retrieved 2019.
  30. ^ " Announces First Quarter Sales up 17% to $59.7 Billion". April 25, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  31. ^ Perez, Sarah (June 3, 2016). "Amazon Alexa now has over 1,000 Functions, up from 135 in January". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2016.
  32. ^ "Microsoft, Amazon release preview of Alexa and Cortana collaboration - The AI Blog". The AI Blog. August 15, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  33. ^ "Alexa Replaces Some Spoken Responses With Beeps". PCMAG. Retrieved 2018.
  34. ^ "Alexa gets access to Wolfram Alpha's knowledge engine". Tech Crunch. December 20, 2018. Retrieved 2019.
  35. ^ Tofel, Kevin (May 2, 2015). "Amazon Echo just became much more useful with IFTTT support". ZDNet.
  36. ^ "Amazon Echo controls Belkin WeMo and Philips Hue with your voice". Engadget. April 8, 2015.
  37. ^ Tofel, Kevin (July 9, 2015). "Amazon Echo can now control Wink smart home products". ZDNet.
  38. ^ "Hey Alexa, Meet Yonomi". Yonomi. March 22, 2016.
  39. ^ Callaham, John (April 8, 2013). "Amazon Echo owners can now control WeMo and Philips Hue devices with their voice". Connectedly. Mobile Nations.
  40. ^ Lauren Goode; Michael Calore. "Is There an Echo in Here? All the Hardware Amazon Announced". WIRED. Retrieved 2018.
  41. ^ Clark, Mitchell (February 11, 2021). "Alexa can now greet people from your Ring Doorbell Pro". Retrieved 2021.
  42. ^ Wong, Raymond (February 7, 2017). "How to order a pizza with Amazon Alexa or Google Home". Mashable. Retrieved 2017.
  43. ^ Heathman, Amelia (September 14, 2016). "The 10 best launch partners for Amazon Echo's Alexa". Wired UK. Retrieved 2017.
  44. ^ Kell, John (January 30, 2017). "Starbucks adds voice ordering on iPhone, Amazon's Alexa". Fortune. Retrieved 2017.
  45. ^ Filloon, Whitney (January 5, 2017). "Amazon's Alexa Will Order Restaurant Delivery On Command". Eater. Retrieved 2017.
  46. ^ "Amazon launches smart lock and security cam system to take in-home deliveries for Prime members, with iPhone app alerts". 9to5Mac. October 25, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  47. ^ Anand, Priya (August 6, 2018). "The Reality Behind Voice Shopping Hype". The Information. Retrieved 2018.
  48. ^ " Help: Ways to Listen to Music & Media on Alexa".
  49. ^ a b " Help: Listen to Your Sports Update".
  50. ^ " Help: About Alexa Messaging".
  51. ^ " Help: Add and Edit Your Contacts to the Alexa App".
  52. ^ " Help: Availability of Alexa-to-Alexa Calling and Messaging".
  53. ^ Novet, Jordan (November 30, 2017). "Amazon officially unveils Alexa for Business". CNBC. Retrieved 2017.
  54. ^ McLean, Asha (November 30, 2017). "Alexa for Business: 10 key takeaways". ZDNet. Retrieved 2017.
  55. ^ a b Ricker, Thomas (March 5, 2020). "Alexa adds severe weather alerts and new features for commuters". The Verge. Retrieved 2020.
  56. ^ a b "Alexa can now provide traffic updates and severe weather alerts". Engadget. Retrieved 2020.
  57. ^ "Alexa Skills Kit - Build for Voice with Amazon". Retrieved 2018.
  58. ^ "Understanding the Updated Smart Home Skill API (Preview)". Retrieved 2018.
  59. ^ "Create a Smart Home with Amazon Alexa". Amazon Developer.
  60. ^ "Host a Custom Skill as an AWS Lambda Function | Custom Skills". Retrieved 2018.
  61. ^ Gagliordi, Natalie (April 19, 2018). "Amazon intros Blueprints, code free templates to create Alexa skills". ZDNet. Retrieved 2018.
  62. ^ Romano, Benjamin (February 19, 2019). "Amazon lets amateurs publish custom Alexa apps to reach broad audiences". The Star Online.
  63. ^ "Alexa Voice Service". Retrieved 2018.
  64. ^ Sepp Hochreiter; Jürgen Schmidhuber (1997). "Long short-term memory". Neural Computation. 9 (8): 1735-1780. doi:10.1162/neco.1997.9.8.1735. PMID 9377276. S2CID 1915014.
  65. ^ Felix A. Gers; Jürgen Schmidhuber; Fred Cummins (2000). "Learning to Forget: Continual Prediction with LSTM". Neural Computation. 12 (23): 2451-2471. CiteSeerX doi:10.1162/089976600300015015. PMID 11032042. S2CID 11598600.
  66. ^ Vogels, Werner (November 30, 2016). "Bringing the Magic of Amazon AI and Alexa to Apps on AWS". All Things Distributed.
  67. ^ Baig, Edward C. "Want to work at McDonald's? Ask Alexa or the Google Assistant for help". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2019.
  68. ^ Kelion, Leo (September 25, 2019). "Amazon Alexa gets Samuel L Jackson's voice". Retrieved 2019.
  69. ^ "Alexa Can Now Speak Spanish in the US". MakeUseOf. Retrieved 2019.
  70. ^ Arora, Akhil (September 14, 2020). "Amitabh Bachchan to Be Alexa's First Indian Celebrity Voice". Retrieved 2020.
  71. ^ "AWS Announces Three New Amazon AI Services". Business Wire. November 30, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  72. ^ Barr, Jeff (November 30, 2016). "Amazon Lex - Build Conversational Voice & Text Interfaces". Amazon. Retrieved 2016.
  73. ^ "Amazon announces Echo, a $199 voice-driven home assistant". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2014.
  74. ^ "How private is Amazon Echo?". Retrieved 2014.
  75. ^ "Amazon Alexa". Retrieved 2016.
  76. ^ "Amazon Now An Open Book On Search Warrants And Subpoenas".
  77. ^ "Watch Alexa rap with Too Many T's in this interactive music video - TechCrunch".
  78. ^ Crowley, James (December 24, 2019). "Woman says Amazon's Alexa told her to stab herself in the heart for "the greater good"". Newsweek.
  79. ^ "Woman Shocked When Alexa Tells Her To Kill Herself | 92.5 WESC | Charlie Munson". 92.5 WESC. Retrieved 2020.
  80. ^ Mike, Bantick (February 17, 2017). "Control your car from the lounge". Motoring. Archived from the original on February 20, 2017.
  81. ^ Zaharov-Reutt, Alex. "iTWire - VIDEO Interview Aussie millionaire gaming genius: Luke Millanta, launches AlerTor, the Dark Web tracking tool". Retrieved 2021.
  82. ^ Edwards 2017-10-18T06:56:10.290Z, Luke. "Garmin Speak puts Alexa in your car for super smart voice controls". T3. Retrieved 2020.
  83. ^ "Turning an Amazon Echo Into a Spy Device Only Took Some Clever Coding". Wired. Retrieved 2018.
  84. ^ NG, Alfred. "Amazon's Alexa had a flaw that let eavesdroppers listen in". cnet. Retrieved 2018.
  85. ^ a b McCarthy, Kieren (December 20, 2018). "2018 ain't done yet... Amazon sent Alexa recordings of man and girlfriend to stranger". The Register. Retrieved 2019.
  86. ^ Chokshi, Niraj (May 25, 2018). "Is Alexa Listening? Amazon Echo Sent Out Recording of Couple's Conversation". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018.
  87. ^ Cuthbertson, Anthony (April 2019). "Secretion of sulfuric acid in Cassidaria echinophora Lamarck (Mollusca: Mesogastropoda, marine carnivorous snail)". Independent. 53 (1): 101-3. doi:10.1016/s0300-9629(76)80019-9. PMID 173.
  88. ^ Adam, Adam (2018). Amazon Echo Dot 2018: Does Alexa Spy On You? A Guide With All The Answers About Your Amazon Echo Dot (3rd Generation, Amazon Echo, Dot, Echo Dot, Amazon Echo User Manual, Echo Dot Ebook, Amazon Dot). Independently published. ISBN 9781731182425.
  89. ^ Leavitt, Sara (2019). ""Hey Alexa - Mind your Own Business":The Consumer Perception of Personalized Advertisements" (PDF). Endicott College.
  90. ^ "Amazon Echo Recordings Could Contain Evidence For NH Double-Murder Trial". November 9, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  91. ^ Thrivin' for the Truth, BREAKING! Chris Watts CONFESSION Interview, retrieved 2018
  92. ^ Kröger, Jacob Leon; Lutz, Otto Hans-Martin; Raschke, Philip (2020). "Privacy Implications of Voice and Speech Analysis - Information Disclosure by Inference". Privacy and Identity Management. Data for Better Living: AI and Privacy. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. 576. pp. 242-258. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-42504-3_16. ISBN 978-3-030-42503-6. ISSN 1868-4238.
  93. ^ Parents of children called Alexa challenge Amazon, by Tim Johns, at; published July 2, 2021; retrieved July 7, 2021
  94. ^ " brings Alexa to Brazil, kicks off pre-orders for devices". Reuters. October 3, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  95. ^ a b Kharpal, Arjun (September 14, 2016). "Amazon launches its AI-powered speaker Echo in Europe". CNBC. Retrieved 2018.
  96. ^ Russell, Jon. "Amazon launches its Echo devices and Alexa in Japan". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2018.
  97. ^ Lewis, Michael (December 5, 2017). "Amazon's Alexa going live in Canada". The Toronto Star. ISSN 0319-0781. Retrieved 2018.
  98. ^ "Amazon Echo expands to 28 more countries". The Verge. Retrieved 2018.
  99. ^ "Amazon Echo and Alexa launch in Ireland". Raidió Teilifís Éireann. January 25, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  100. ^ "Amazon Echo devices are headed to Australia and New Zealand in February". The Verge. Retrieved 2018.
  101. ^ "Alexa echo france price date specs". The Verge.
  102. ^ Liao, Shannon (October 24, 2018). "Amazon's Echo and Alexa devices come to Spain and Italy". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved 2018.
  103. ^ Holt, Kris (June 19, 2018). "Alexa and Echo will arrive in Italy and Spain later this year". Engadget. Retrieved 2018.
  104. ^ Wiggers, Kyle (November 7, 2018). "Amazon launches Alexa, Echo devices, and Amazon Music in Mexico". VentureBeat. Retrieved 2018.
  105. ^ Mari, Angelica (March 19, 2019). "Amazon kicks off Alexa trial in Brazil". ZDNet. Retrieved 2019.
  106. ^ "Amazon lança Alexa e dispositivos Echo no Brasil". G1.
  107. ^ Heater, Brian (September 1, 2018). "Alexa is now available on 20,000 devices". TechCrunch. Oath Inc. Retrieved 2018.
  108. ^ Biggs, John (October 4, 2017). "Sonos announces Alexa-controlled wireless speakers". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2017.
  109. ^ "Alexa on Sonos | Sonos". Sonos. Retrieved 2018.
  110. ^ Barrett, Brian (January 3, 2017). "Lenovo's Smart Speaker Marries Up Alexa Smarts and Harman Kardon Sounds". Wired. Retrieved 2017.
  111. ^ Singleton, Micah (August 31, 2017). "Harman's Alexa speaker is 100x uglier than its Cortana speaker". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved 2017.
  112. ^ "HARMAN Adds Harman Kardon Astra with Amazon Alexa to Lineup of Voice Controlled Speakers". American City Business Journals. February 27, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  113. ^ Langridge, Max (August 2, 2017). "KitSound Voice One gives Alexa the audio oomph she needs". Pocket-lint.
  114. ^ Daugherty, Trevor (August 9, 2017). "Anker's new Alexa-powered Eufy Genie undercuts Echo Dot on price". 9to5Toys. Retrieved 2017.
  115. ^ Bohn, Dieter (April 28, 2016). "This adorable Bluetooth speaker puts Alexa on your fridge". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved 2016.
  116. ^ Torres, Timothy (September 3, 2016). "Eyes On: LG's SmartThinQ Hub With Alexa". PC Magazine. Retrieved 2016.
  117. ^ Nicolakis, Theo (January 6, 2017). "Onkyo's VC-FLX1 smart speaker combines Alexa, sensors, and a webcam".
  118. ^ "Fabriq's smart speaker packs Alexa into a brand new package". CNET. Retrieved 2016.
  119. ^ Brown, Michael (November 13, 2017). "Fabriq Chorus review: This Alexa-powered smart speaker is an excellent value". TechHive. International Data Group. Retrieved 2017.
  120. ^ Pullen, John Patrick (December 15, 2016). "6 Can't-Miss Gadgets Powered By Amazon's Alexa Assistant". Retrieved 2016.
  121. ^ Lulu, Chang (January 3, 2017). "Talk back to your alarm clock with the Alexa-enabled Vobot Clock". Digital Trends. Retrieved 2017.
  122. ^ Patel, Idrees (December 29, 2017). "Xiaomi's Yeelight Speaker Uses Alexa and Looks Like an Amazon Echo Dot". XDA Developers. Retrieved 2018.
  123. ^ Soper, Taylor (January 9, 2018). "Polk Audio debuts first voice-controlled sound bar with Amazon Alexa". GeekWire. Retrieved 2018.
  124. ^ Goldman, Joshua (September 6, 2018). "Brilliant Control touchscreen home hub with Alexa now available". CNET. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 2018.
  125. ^ Potuck, Michael (August 28, 2018). "Bose unveils new smart speaker and soundbars with Alexa voice control, AirPlay 2 and Google Assistant coming soon". 9to5Toys. Retrieved 2018.
  126. ^ Dent, Steve (August 30, 2018). "Marshall taps Alexa for its first smart speakers". Engadget. Oath Inc. Retrieved 2018.
  127. ^ Colline, Katie (August 31, 2018). "Huawei joins the Alexa-powered smart speaker club with the AI Cube". CNET. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 2018.
  128. ^ St Leger, Henry (August 29, 2018). "RIVA Voice Series goes all-out on Alexa in new speaker range". Techradar.
  129. ^ Lee, Dami (August 29, 2018). "Libratone's cute Zipp 2 and Zipp Mini 2 speakers come with Alexa". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved 2018.
  130. ^ Dipane, Jared (August 30, 2018). "Soundcore by Anker announces the Flare S+, its first Bluetooth speaker with Alexa built-in". Android Central. Mobile Nations. Retrieved 2018.
  131. ^ Deahl, Dani (January 3, 2018). "Klipsch brings Google Assistant and Alexa support to its smart sound bars". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved 2018.
  132. ^ Rothman, Wilson (September 17, 2015). "Amazon Fire TV Gets 4K Video and the Alexa Virtual Assistant". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2016.
  133. ^ Fowler, Geoffrey A. (June 21, 2018). "Amazon's Fire TV Cube wants to replace your remote, but Alexa gets a little tongue-tied". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2018.
  134. ^ "Element Integrates Amazon Fire TV Into New Sets". Daily Herald. May 16, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  135. ^ Kerr, Dara; Fox Rubin, Ben (September 20, 2018). "Alexa is coming to Sony smart TVs". CNET. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 2018.
  136. ^ "Supported Alexa Features". Amazon. Retrieved 2017.
  137. ^ "Amazon's new Fire HD 8 is its first tablet with Alexa". Engadget. September 8, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  138. ^ Fingas, Jon (September 19, 2017). "Amazon's $150 Fire tablet summons Alexa hands-free". Engadget. Retrieved 2017.
  139. ^ "Huawei's Mate 9 Becomes the First Alexa Phone". PC Magazine. Retrieved 2017.
  140. ^ "HTC U11 hands-on--A squeezable, all-glass device with dual hotword support". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2017.
  141. ^ Phelan, David. "HTC U11 Smartphone Innovates Like Crazy: Squeeze It, Talk To Alexa And More". Forbes. Retrieved 2017.
  142. ^ Diaconescu, Adrian (November 4, 2016). "TCL Xess 17.3-inch 'smart home hub' lands on Amazon". Pocketnow. Retrieved 2016.
  143. ^ Wang, Jules (October 31, 2017). "Dual cameras, water resistance, Alexa, moderate price tag for Moto X4". PocketNow. Retrieved 2017.
  144. ^ Fingas, Jon (October 21, 2017). "Motorola's newest mod puts an Alexa speaker on your phone". Engadget. Retrieved 2017.
  145. ^ Gartenberg, Chaim (February 16, 2018). "Essential made an Amazon-exclusive version of its phone with Alexa preinstalled". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved 2018.
  146. ^ Devine, Richard (January 8, 2018). "Amazon Alexa coming to Windows 10 PCs from ASUS, HP and more". Windows Central. Mobile Nations. Retrieved 2018.
  147. ^ Goldman, Joshua (January 8, 2018). "Lenovo's new ThinkPad X1 laptops join HDR and Alexa chorus". CNET. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 2018.
  148. ^ Forrest, Conner (January 8, 2018). "HP, ASUS, Acer bringing Amazon Alexa integration to laptops and desktops". TechRepublic. Retrieved 2018.
  149. ^ Paul Lee, Paul Lee (April 17, 2019). "All-In-One Smart Voice Router - AC2200 Tri-Band Mesh WiFi Router and Bluetooth speaker with AiMesh support and Amazon Alexa Built-in, AiProtection Pro network security powered by Trend Micro, Two 8W Stereo Speakers". ASUS. Retrieved 2019.
  150. ^ Krishna, Swapna (June 15, 2017). "Amazon's Dash Wand lets you order groceries with your voice". Engadget. Retrieved 2017.
  151. ^ Heater, Brian. "GE puts Amazon Alexa inside a funky table lamp". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2016.
  152. ^ Wong, Raymond (January 4, 2017). "LG's fancy smart fridge has Alexa and Amazon Fresh built right in". Mashable. Retrieved 2017.
  153. ^ Strange, Adario (August 4, 2016). "Nucleus debuts first Alexa-enabled touchscreen video device". Mashable. Retrieved 2016.
  154. ^ Carman, Ashley (November 2, 2016). "Omate's Yumi robot is an Alexa-enabled tablet with wheels". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved 2016.
  155. ^ Chang, Lulu (November 4, 2016). "Omate introduces Yumi, the new face of Alexa". Digital Trends. Retrieved 2016.
  156. ^ O'Rourke, Patrick (May 3, 2017). "Ecobee4 smart thermostat with built-in Alexa revealed, but it isn't launching in Canada". MobileSyrup. Retrieved 2017.
  157. ^ Hall, Zac (November 21, 2017). "ecobee launches pilot program for its Alexa-enabled Switch+ light switch ahead of release". 9to5Mac. Retrieved 2018.
  158. ^ Lavars, Nick (January 7, 2018). "Alexa-enabled smoke detector doubles as a voice assistant from above". New Atlas. Retrieved 2018.
  159. ^ Koetsier, John (March 7, 2018). "This $999 Bathroom Mirror Is Alexa-Powered So You Can Shop While You ..." Forbes. Retrieved 2018.
  160. ^ Clark Estes, Adam (August 30, 2018). "Netgear Stuffed Alexa and a Harman Kardon Speaker Into a Wifi Router For Some Reason". Gizmodo. Retrieved 2018.
  161. ^ Etherington, Darrell. "These new headphones let you talk to Amazon's Alexa anywhere you go". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2016.
  162. ^ Lagace, Marc (January 6, 2017). "Meet Lynx, the walking, talking home robot powered by Amazon Alexa". Android Central. Retrieved 2017.
  163. ^ Karcz, Anthony (June 3, 2016). "Pebble Core Becomes First 3G Ultraportable With Amazon Alexa". Retrieved 2016.
  164. ^ Chokkattu, Julian (September 13, 2016). "Onyx communicator lets you talk to people around the globe with a push of a button". Digital Trends. Retrieved 2016.
  165. ^ Goldman, Joshua (April 16, 2016). "CoWatch keeps Amazon Alexa Voice Service at arm's length". CNET. Retrieved 2016.
  166. ^ Graziano, Dan (December 6, 2016). "You can now get Alexa on your wrist, thanks to Martian". CNET. Retrieved 2016.
  167. ^ "Omate Rise 3G smartwatch slaps Amazon Alexa on your wrist". Engadget. Retrieved 2016.
  168. ^ Langley, Hugh (October 27, 2017). "The Bragi Dash and Dash Pro will now put Alexa right in your ear". Wareable. Retrieved 2017.
  169. ^ Snider, Mike (January 5, 2017). "Ford plans to take Amazon's Alexa for a ride". USA Today. Retrieved 2018.
  170. ^ Muoio, Danielle (September 27, 2017). "Amazon is adding Alexa to BMW cars in 2018". Business Insider. Retrieved 2018.
  171. ^ Normile, Brian (October 2, 2017). "BMW, Mini Assimilate Full Amazon Alexa Skill Set". Retrieved 2018.
  172. ^ Vanian, Johnathan (January 9, 2018). "Amazon's Alexa Is Coming to Some Toyota and Lexus Cars". Fortune. Retrieved 2018.
  173. ^ Ferris, Robert (January 9, 2018). "Toyota will add Amazon Alexa to select cars in 2018". CNBC. Retrieved 2018.
  174. ^ Beckwith, Jimi (September 28, 2017). "Volkswagen to get Amazon Alexa voice control in connectivity push". Autocar. Retrieved 2018.
  175. ^ "Garmin Speak". Uncrate. Retrieved 2017.
  176. ^ Etherington, Darrell (November 14, 2017). "Muse is a simple dedicated Amazon Alexa add-on for the car". TechCrunch. Oath Inc. Retrieved 2017.
  177. ^ Estrada, Zac (January 8, 2018). "Anker steps up its car game with the Alexa-enabled Roav Viva". The Verge. Retrieved 2018.
  178. ^ Attkisson, Anna (May 12, 2016). "Alexa Works on Your Phone Now, Too". Tom's Guide. Retrieved 2016.
  179. ^ Warren, Tom (June 7, 2018). "Alexa now runs on the Apple Watch, thanks to Voice in a Can app". The Verge. Retrieved 2018.
  180. ^ Mandaro, Laura (May 28, 2016). "Amazon lets you access Alexa on the web via". USA Today. Retrieved 2016.
  181. ^ Perez, Sarah (March 16, 2017). "Amazon adds Alexa to its main shopping app". TechCrunch. Oath Inc. Retrieved 2017.
  182. ^ Moon, Mariella (September 26, 2017). "Amazon finally adds Alexa support to its Music app". Engadget. Oath Inc. Retrieved 2017.
  183. ^ Wiggers, Kyle (November 16, 2018). "Anki's Vector gets new animations and features ahead of Alexa integration". VentureBeat. Retrieved 2018.
  184. ^ Ashwin Ram (September 29, 2016). "Are you up to the Challenge? Announcing the Alexa Prize: $2.5 Million to Advance Conversational Artificial Intelligence". Amazon developer community posting. Retrieved 2016.
  185. ^ "Alexa Prize FAQ". Amazon. Archived from the original on November 17, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  186. ^ Blume, Michael. "UW student team wins first place in Amazon Alexa competition". Retrieved 2018.
  187. ^ Hakkani-Tur, Dilek. "Announcing the 2018 Alexa Prize Winner: University of California, Davis". Retrieved 2018.
  188. ^ Zorio, Stephen. "Emory University team wins Alexa Prize Grand Challenge 3". Retrieved 2020.
  189. ^ "Build New Voice Experiences with Help from the Alexa Fund". Retrieved 2017.
  190. ^ a b "The Alexa Fund". Retrieved 2017.

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes