Anselmo Lorenzo
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Anselmo Lorenzo
Anselmo Lorenzo
Anselmo lorenzo.png
Toledo, Spain
Resting placeCemetery of Montjuïc
OrganizationInternational Workingmen's Association
Known for"the grandfather of Spanish anarchism"

Anselmo Lorenzo Asperilla (21 April 1841, in Toledo, Spain – 30 November 1914) was a defining figure in the early Spanish Anarchist movement, earning the often quoted sobriquet "the grandfather of Spanish anarchism," in the words of Murray Bookchin: "his contribution to the spread of Anarchist ideas in Barcelona and Andalusia over the decades was enormous".[1]

His activity in the movement and adherence to Anarchist ideals can be rooted to his meeting and befriending of Giuseppe Fanelli in 1868, a disciple of Mikhail Bakunin recruiting for the International Workingmen's Association.[2] He would later become the subject of Lorenzo's works, along with Tomás González Morago, who an account considered the first Spanish Anarchist.[3]

Lorenzo, along with others printers in Madrid such as Pablo Iglesias and Jose Mesa, was recruited by Paul Lafargue for the FRE.[4][clarification needed] This association with Lafargue, a son-in-law of Karl Marx, led to the founding of the Madrid Internationalist paper called La Emancipacion, which promoted Marxist ideology.[4] Lorenzo was listed as one of the delegates representing the Spanish Marxists in the International Workingmen's Association (IWMA) London Congress in 1864.[5]

Lorenzo edited the anarchist syndicalist newspaper La Huelga General from 1901-1902 with Francisco Ferrer.[6] He died in 1914 and was laid to rest on the Cemetery of Montjuïc.


  1. ^ Bookchin, Murray (1977). The Spanish Anarchists: The Heroic Years, 1868-1936. Free Life Editions. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-914156-14-7.
  2. ^ Robert F. Barsky (2007). The Chomsky Effect: A Radical Works Beyond the Ivory Tower. MIT Press. p. 194. ISBN 978-0-262-02624-6.
  3. ^ Brenan, Gerald (2014). The Spanish Labyrinth: An Account of the Social and Political Background of the Spanish Civil War, Canto Classics Edition. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 227. ISBN 978-1-107-43175-1.
  4. ^ a b Esenwein, George Richard (1989). Anarchist Ideology and the Working-class Movement in Spain, 1868-1898. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. p. 38. ISBN 0-520-06398-8.
  5. ^ Holmes, Rachel (2014). Eleanor Marx: A Life. London: A&C Black. p. 108. ISBN 978-0-7475-8384-4.
  6. ^ Steele, Tom (2007). Knowledge is Power!: The Rise and Fall of European Popular Educational Movements, 1848-1939. Peter Lang. p. 114. ISBN 978-3-03910-563-2.

Further reading

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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