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Antiochus XIII Philadelphus, (Greek? ' ?) known as Asiaticus, () was the penultimate ruler of the Seleucid kingdom.
Coin of Cleopatra Selene (front) and Antiochus XIII
He was son of king Antiochus X Eusebes and the Ptolemaic princess Cleopatra Selene of Syria, who acted as regent for Antiochus XIII after his father's death sometime between 92 and 85 BC. Some time after Tigranes had conquered Syria (83 BC), she traveled to Rome to have her sons recognized as kings of Egypt, but to no avail. However, between 75 BC and 73 BC, they were recognized as "Kings of Syria", and "maintained a royal state". Selene was eventually captured and killed by Tigranes. However, after the latter's defeat by Lucius Licinius Lucullus at the Battle of Tigranocerta, the residents of Antioch hailed Antiochus XIII as king, and Lucullus approved his appointment as client ruler of Syria (69 BC).
^Oliver D. Hoover, Handbook of Syrian Coins: Royal and Civic Issues, Fourth to First Centuries BC [The Handbook of Greek Coinage Series, Volume 9], Lancaster/London, Classical Numismatic Group, 2009, p. 279.
Downey, Glanville (1951). "The Occupation of Syria by the Romans". Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association. The Johns Hopkins University Press. 82. ISSN2325-9213. JSTOR283427.
Mittag, Peter Franz (2009). "Zur Integration Antiocheias in den Römischen Herrschaftsverband". In Gehrke, Hans-Joachim; Mastrocinque, Attilio (eds.). Rom und der Osten im 1. Jahrhundert V. Chr., Akkulturation oder Kampf der Kulturen? (Akten des Humboldt-Kollegs, Verona, 19.-21. Februar 2004). Hiera, Collana di Studi Storico-Religiosi (in German). 13. Edizioni L. Giordano. ISBN978-8-886-91931-9.