Arab Diaspora
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Arab Diaspora

Arab Diaspora
Arab people around the world.svg
Total population
According to the International Organization for Migration, there are 13 million Arab migrants, of whom 5.8 million reside in Arab countries.
Regions with significant populations
 BrazilEstimated 15-20 million with at least partial ancestry[1][2]
 France3.3[3] to 5.5[4] million people of North African (Arab or Berber) descent[5]
 Turkey5,000,000[6][7][8][9][10]
 Indonesia
  • 87,227 Arab Indonesians in 2005 census (officially)[11]
  • Estimated 4-5 million of Arab and partial Arab ancestry (non-official speculations)[12]
 Argentina4,500,000[13]
 United States3,700,000[14]
 Colombia3,200,000[15][16][17]
 Niger2,116,000[18]
 Venezuela1,600,000[19]
 Iran1,500,000[20]
 Mexico1,500,000[21][22]
 Chad1,536,000 (est.)[23]
 Spain1,035,000[24][25]
 Germany1,155,390[26][27]
 Mali950,000[28]
 Chile800,000[29][30][31][32]
 Belgium800,000 (600,000 from Morocco)[]
 Canada750,925[33]
 Italy680,000[34]
 Australia321,728[35]
 Netherlands480,000-613,800[36]
 Sweden377,616[]
 Burkina Faso350,000[37]
 Ivory Coast300,000[38]
 Honduras275,000 [39][40]
 Ecuador250,000 [41]
 United KingdomEngland: 230,556 (2011 census)[42]
Wales: 9,989 (2011 census)[42]
Scotland: 9,366 (2011 census)[43]
 Denmark121,000[]
 El SalvadorMore than 120,000[44][45][46][47][48]
 Japanless than 100,000[49]
 Indiaseveral thousand
Languages
Arabic (mother tongue), French, Italian, Spanish, English, Portuguese, Hebrew, Indonesian, Japanese, German, Turkish, Persian and other languages among others
Religion
Predominantly Christianity in the Americas, Islam in Europe and Asia, but also Druze and irreligion, among others
Related ethnic groups

Arab diaspora refers to descendants of the Arab emigrants who, voluntarily or as refugees, emigrated from their native lands to non-Arab countries, primarily in Central America, South America, Europe, North America, and parts of Southeast Asia, the Caribbean, and West Africa. In a more specific view, emigrants from Arab countries, such as Sudan or the Palestinian territories, also make up important national groups of their countries' diaspora in other Arab states, such as the Gulf states or Saudi Arabia.

Overview

Arab expatriates contribute to the circulation of financial and human capital in the region and thus significantly promote regional development. In 2009 Arab countries received a total of US$35.1 billion in remittance in-flows and remittances sent to Jordan, Egypt and Lebanon from other Arab countries are 40 to 190 per cent higher than trade revenues between these and other Arab countries.[50] Large numbers of Arabs migrated to West Africa, particularly Côte d'Ivoire,[51] Senegal,[52] Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Nigeria.[53] Since the end of the civil war in 2002, Lebanese traders have become re-established in Sierra Leone.[]

According to Saudi Aramco World, the largest concentration of Arabs outside the Arab World is in Brazil, which has 9 million Brazilians of Arab ancestry.[54] Of these 9 million Arabs, 6 million are of Lebanese ancestry,[55][56][57] making Brazil's population of Lebanese equivalent to that of Lebanon itself. However, these figures are contradicted by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), which is the agency responsible for official collection of statistical information in Brazil. According to the 2010 Brazilian census conducted by IBGE, there were only 12,336 Lebanese nationals living in Brazil and other Arab nationalities were so small that they were not even listed.[58] The Brazilian census does not ask about ancestry or family origin. There is a question about nationality and, according to the Brazilian law, any person born in Brazil is a Brazilian national by birth and right for any purpose, nationally or internationally - not an Arab.[59][60] The last Brazilian census to ask about family origin was conducted in 1940. At that time, 107,074 Brazilians said they had a Syrian, Lebanese, Palestinian, Iraqi or Arab father. Native Arabs were 46,105 and naturalized Brazilians were 5,447. In 1940, Brazil had 41,169,321 inhabitants, hence Arabs and their children were 0.38% of Brazil's population in 1940.[61]

Venezuela,[62] Colombia, Mexico and Chile. Palestinians cluster in Chile and Central America, particularly El Salvador, and Honduras.[63] The Palestinian community in Chile[64][65] is the fourth largest in the world after those in Israel, Lebanon, and Jordan. Arab Haitians (a large number of whom live in the capital) are more often than not, concentrated in financial areas where the majority of them establish businesses. In the United States, there are around 3.5 million people of Arab ancestry.[66]

It has been estimated that there are as many as four million Indonesians with at least partial Arab ancestry.[67] They are generally well-integrated socially with Indonesian society, and identify as Indonesians.[68] In the 2010 census, 118,886 people, amounting to 0.05% of the population, identified themselves as being of Arab ethnicity.[69]

Notable people

Prominent members of the Arab diaspora include:

Business

Fashion, beauty

Film, television

Literature / theatre

Media and intellectuals

Music

  • Salem Al Fakir (Syrian origin), Swedish singer
  • Ali B (Moroccan origin), Dutch rapper
  • Amir (Egyptian origin), Italian rapper
  • Tarak Ben Ammar (Tunisian origin), international movie producer and distributor
  • Nasri Tony Atweh (Palestinian origin), Canadian lead singer of Magic!
  • Malika Ayane (Moroccan origin), Italian singer
  • Bushido (Tunisian origin), German rapper
  • DJ Snake (Algerian origin), French DJ
  • Fredwreck (Palestinian origin), American record producer
  • Ghali (Tunisian origin), Italian rapper
  • Indila (Algerian origin), French singer
  • DJ Khaled (Palestinian origin), American DJ
  • L'Algérino (Algerian origin), French rapper
  • La Fouine (Moroccan origin), French rapper
  • Lowkey (Iraqi origin), British rapper and political activist
  • Fady Maalouf (Lebanese origin), German singer
  • Ibrahim Maalouf (Lebanese origin), French saxophonist
  • Massari (Lebanese origin), Canadian singer
  • RedOne (Moroccan origin), Swedish record producer
  • Natasja Saad (Sudanese origin), Danish rapper and reggae singer
  • Eric Saade (Palestinian Lebanese origin), Swedish singer
  • Kareem Salama (Egyptian origin), American country singer
  • Sarbel (Lebanese origin), Greek singer
  • Shakira (Lebanese origin), Colombian singer
  • Adel Tawil (Egyptian / Tunisian origin), German singer, songwriter and producer
  • Tunisiano (Tunisian origin), French rapper
  • Karl Wolf (Lebanese origin), Canadian pop star
  • Rami Yacoub (Palestinian origin), Swedish record producer
  • Zaho (Algerian origin), Canadian singer
  • Maher Zain (Lebanese origin), Swedish singer

Politics

Sciences

Sports

Religion

See also

References

Notes

Citations

  1. ^ Silvia Ferabolli (25 September 2014). Arab Regionalism: A Post-Structural Perspective. Routledge. p. 151. ISBN 978-1-317-65803-0. According to estimates by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), countersigned by the League of Arab States, Brazil has the largest Arab colony outside their countries of origin. There are estimated 15 million Arabs living in Brazil today, with some researchers suggesting numbers around 20 million.
  2. ^ Paul Amar (15 July 2014). The Middle East and Brazil: Perspectives on the New Global South. Indiana University Press. p. 40. ISBN 978-0-253-01496-2. there are, according to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, more than sixteen million Arabs and descendants of Arabs in Brazil, constituting the largest community of Arabs descent outside the Middle East.
  3. ^ "France's crisis of national identity". The Independent. 25 November 2009. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ "To count or not to count". The Economist. 26 March 2009. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 2019.
  5. ^ Bertet, Elsa (29 January 2008). "French-Arabs battle stereotypes". Variety. Archived from the original on 21 February 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  6. ^ (UNHCR), United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. "UNHCR Syria Regional Refugee Response". UNHCR Syria Regional Refugee Response. Archived from the original on 5 March 2018. Retrieved 2016.
  7. ^ Kaya, Ibrahim (2009). "The Iraqi Refugee Crisis and Turkey: a Legal Outlook". cadmus.eui.eu. Retrieved 2017.
  8. ^ "The Impact of Syrian Refugees on Turkey". www.washingtoninstitute.org.
  9. ^ "Turkey's demographic challenge". www.aljazeera.com.
  10. ^ "UNHCR Syria Regional Refugee Response/ Turkey". UNHCR. 31 December 2015. Archived from the original on 5 March 2018. Retrieved 2016.
  11. ^ Leo Suryadinata (2008). Ethnic Chinese in Contemporary Indonesia. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 29. ISBN 978-981-230-835-1.
  12. ^ "The world's successful diasporas". World Business. 3 April 2007. Archived from the original on 1 April 2008. Retrieved 2019.
  13. ^ "Inmigración sirio-libanesa en Argentina" (in Spanish). Fearab.org.ar. Archived from the original on 20 June 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  14. ^ "Demographics". Arab American Institute. Archived from the original on 23 October 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  15. ^ "Estimación de la mortalidad, 1985-2005" [Estimation of mortality, 1985-2005] (PDF). Postcensal Studies (in Spanish). Bogotá, Colombia: DANE. March 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 November 2007. Retrieved 2016.
  16. ^ Randa Achmawi (21 July 2009). "Colombia awakens to the Arab world". Brazi-Arab News Agency. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 2015.
  17. ^ "Proyecciones nacionales y departamentales de población. 2006-2020" [National and departmental population projections. 2006-2020] (PDF) (in Spanish). DANE National Statistical Service, Columbia. September 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 November 2007. Retrieved 2015.
  18. ^ "Niger - The World Factbook". www.cia.gov.
  19. ^ Margolis, Mac (15 September 2013). "Abdel el-Zabayar: From Parliament to the Frontlines". The Daily Beast.
  20. ^ "Iran". Retrieved 2013.
  21. ^ "Arabs Making Their Mark in Latin America: Generations of Immigrants in Colombia, Venezuela and Mexico | Al Jadid Magazine". www.aljadid.com.
  22. ^ Ben Cahoon. "World Statesmen.org". World Statesmen.org. Retrieved 2011.
  23. ^ "Chad". Retrieved 2019.
  24. ^ "Los musulmanes en España superan los 1,8 millones". www.europapress.es (in Spanish). 30 March 2015. Retrieved 2017.
  25. ^ Redaction (9 October 2012). "La cifra de musulmanes en España alcanza los 1,6 millones, de los que casi un tercio viven en Cataluña". www.alertadigital.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017.
  26. ^ "Anzahl der Ausländer in Deutschland nach Herkunftsland in den Jahren 2015 und 2016". statista (in German).
  27. ^ "Bevölkerung und Erwerbstätigkeit" (PDF). Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 20 June 2017. Retrieved 2018.
  28. ^ http://comprehedv.cluster011.ovh.net/thinktank/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/Toubou-Tuareg-Dynamics-AP-EG-Finalized-607.pdf
  29. ^ "Aurora | Aurora". www.aurora-israel.co.il. Archived from the original on 18 March 2012. Retrieved 2021.
  30. ^ "Arabs In The Andes? Chile, The Unlikely Long-Term Home Of A Large Palestinian Community". International Business Times. 31 October 2013.
  31. ^ "Chile: Palestinian refugees arrive to warm welcome". Adnkronos.com. 7 April 2003. Archived from the original on 19 September 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  32. ^ "500,000 descendientes de primera y segunda generación de palestinos en Chile". Laventana.casa.cult.cu. Archived from the original on 22 July 2009. Retrieved 2011.
  33. ^ "Canadian Arab Institute :: 750,925 Canadians Hail from Arab Lands". www.canadianarabinstitute.org. Archived from the original on 19 March 2017. Retrieved 2016.
  34. ^ Dati ISTAT 2016, counting only immigrants from the Arab world. "Cittadini stranieri in Italia - 2016". tuttitalia.it.
  35. ^ Mazbouh-Moussa, Randa; Ohtsuka, Keis (2017). "Cultural competence in working with the Arab Australian community: a conceptual review and the experience of the Arab Council Australia (ACA) gambling help counselling service". Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health. 7 (1): 10. doi:10.1186/s40405-017-0029-0. PMC 5725521. PMID 29250480.
  36. ^ "Dutch media perceived as much more biased than Arabic media - Media & Citizenship Report conducted by University of Utrecht" (PDF), Utrecht University, 10 September 2010, archived from the original (PDF) on 28 February 2019, retrieved 2010
  37. ^ "Burkina Faso - The World Factbook". www.cia.gov.
  38. ^ "Côte d'Ivoire". Minority Rights Group. Retrieved 2021.
  39. ^ "The Arabs of Honduras". Saudi Aramco World. Archived from the original on 9 October 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  40. ^ "The Arabs of Honduras". Saudiaramcoworld.com. 27 June 1936. Retrieved 2011.
  41. ^ http://revistas.ucm.es/index.php/ANQE/article/viewFile/ANQE9797110057A/3864
  42. ^ a b "Table CT0010EW 2011 Census: Ethnic group (write-in responses), local authorities in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. 30 January 2013. Retrieved 2020.
  43. ^ "Ethnic group (detailed): All people" (PDF). National Records of Scotland. Retrieved 2020.
  44. ^ "Why So Many Palestinians Live In El Salvador | AJ+". newsvideo.su. Retrieved 2021.
  45. ^ http://theidentitychef.com/2009/09/06/lebanese-diaspora-worldwide-geographical-distribution
  46. ^ Zielger, Matthew. "El Salvador: Central American Palestine of the West?". The Daily Star. Retrieved 2015.
  47. ^ "AJ Plus: The Palestinians of el Salvador | LatinX". 29 May 2019. Archived from the original on 13 November 2019.
  48. ^ correspondent, Hugh Dellios, Tribune foreign. "El Salvador vote divides 2 Arab clans". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved 2021.
  49. ^ "Muslim population in Japan increases with Islamic demands". DailySabah. 31 May 2015. Retrieved 2019.
  50. ^ "Intra-Regional Labour Mobility in the Arab World" (PDF). International Organization for Migration (IOM) Cairo. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 April 2011.
  51. ^ "Ivory Coast - The Levantine Community". Countrystudies.us. Retrieved 2011.
  52. ^ Lebanese Immigrants Boost West African Commerce, By Naomi Schwarz, voanews.com, 10 July 2007
  53. ^ Lebanese man shot dead in Nigeria, BBC News
  54. ^ "The Arabs of Brazil". Saudi Aramco World. Retrieved 2011.
  55. ^ "Sleiman meets Brazilian counterpart, Lebanese community". The Daily Star. 23 April 2010.
  56. ^ "O Líbano: Geografia" [Lebanon: Geography] (in Portuguese). Lebanese Embassy in Brazil. 1996. Archived from the original on 12 November 2010.
  57. ^ "Estadão de Hoje". Estadao.com.br. Archived from the original on 1 January 2013. Retrieved 2011.
  58. ^ MOBILIDADE ESPACIAL DOS IMIGRANTES ESTRANGEIROS NO BRASIL - 1991/2010
  59. ^ Censo Demográfico 2010
  60. ^ Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil of 1988, Government of Brazil (in Portuguese).
  61. ^ IBGE.Censo brasileiro de 1940.
  62. ^ Habeeb Salloum, "Arabs Making Their Mark in Latin America: Generations of Immigrants in Colombia, Venezuela and Mexico", Al Jadid, Vol. 6, no. 30 (Winter 2000).
  63. ^ "The Arabs of Honduras". Saudiaramcoworld.com. 27 June 1936. Retrieved 2011.
  64. ^ "Chile: Palestinian refugees arrive to warm welcome". Adnkronos.com. 7 April 2003. Archived from the original on 19 September 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  65. ^ "500,000 descendientes de primera y segunda generación de palestinos en Chile". Laventana.casa.cult.cu. Archived from the original on 22 July 2009. Retrieved 2011.
  66. ^ "The Arab American Institute". Aaiusa.org. Archived from the original on 3 April 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  67. ^ The world's successful diasporas, World Business
  68. ^ Jacobsen, Frode F. (8 January 2009). Hadrami Arabs in Present-day Indonesia: An Indonesia-oriented Group with an Arab Signature. Routledge. pp. 19-22. ISBN 9781134018529 – via Google Books.
  69. ^ Aris Ananta; Evi Nurvidya Arifin; M Sairi Hasbullah; Nur Budi Handayani; Agus Pramono (14 July 2015). Demography of Indonesia's Ethnicity. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 121. ISBN 978-981-4519-87-8.

Further reading

External links


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