Location of Arad County in Romania
|Capital city (Re?edin?a de jude?)||Arad|
|o Type||County Council|
|o President of the County Board||Iustin Cionca (PNL)|
|o Prefect2||C?lin Bibar?|
|o Total||7,754 km2 (2,994 sq mi)|
|Area rank||5th in Romania|
|Elevation||1,486 m (4,875 ft)|
|o Rank||21st in Romania|
|o Density||53/km2 (140/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Area code(s)||+40 x574|
|GDP||US$ 3.825 billion (2015)|
|GDP per capita||US$ 9,350 (2015)|
|1 The development regions of Romania have no administrative role and were formed in order to manage funds from the European Union.|
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned from having any political activity in the first six months after his resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionaries' corps.
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utilitary vehicles and ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county
Arad County (Romanian pronunciation: [a'rad] ) is an administrative division (jude?) of Romania roughly translated into county in the western part of the country on the border with Hungary, mostly in the region of Cri?ana and few villages in Banat. The administrative center of the county lies in the city of Arad. The Arad County is part of the Danube-Cri?-Mure?-Tisa Euroregion.
The county has a total area of 7,754 km2 (2,994 sq mi), representing 3.6% of national Romanian territory. The terrain of Arad County is divided into two distinct units that cover almost half of the county each. The eastern side of the county has a hilly to low mountainous terrain (Dealurile Lipovei, Mun?ii Z?randului, Mun?ii Codru Moma) and on the western side it's a plain zone consisting of the Arad Plain, Low Mures Plain, and The High Vinga Plain. Taking altitude into account we notice that it follows a stepped pattern as it drops as we go from the east to the west of the county from 1489 m to below 100 m. In the east there are the Zarand Mountainsnand the Codru Moma Mountains, all subdivisions of the Apuseni Mountains, a major group of the Western Carpathians.
In terms of climate, the characteristics of Arad county have a typical temperate continental climate with oceanic influences, with a circulation of air masses with a predominantly western ordered direction visible from west to east, with increasing altitude. Average annual temperatures range from 10 °C in the lowlands, the hills and piedmonts 9 °C, 8 °C and 6 °C in the low mountains in the area of greatest height. Average amounts of precipitation is between 565 and 600 mm (22.2 and 23.6 in) annually in the lowlands, 700 and 800 mm (28 and 31 in) annually in the hills and piedmonts and 800 and 1,200 mm (31 and 47 in) annually in the mountainous area.
The hydrographic network is composed of the two main rivers plus their tributaries and channels.
Along with Timi? County it forms one of the most developed regions in Romania. Due to its proximity to the border, it attracts a great number of foreign investments. The agricultural potential is greatly put into value, Arad plains being considered one of the most important cereal and vegetable producing basins.
The predominant industries in the county are:
Natural resources in Arad, are worthy to be taken into account as there are oil and associated gases, points of extraction in the west of the county, molibden mines in the S?vâr?in area, marble quarries at C?prioara and Moneasa, mineral waters at Lipova, Moneasa, Doroban?i, Curtici, Macea and uranium deposits in the NE part of the county.
The main tourist destinations are:
|Party||Seats||Current County Council|
|National Liberal Party (PNL)||17|
|Save Romania Union (USR)||5|
|Social-Liberal Christian Platform (PSD)||3|
|PRO Romania (PRO)||3|
|People's Movement Party (PMP)||2|
|Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR)||2|
Arad County has 1 municipality, 9 towns and 68 communes with approximately 180 villages.
|Capital city (Re?edin de jude?)||Arad|
|Ceased to exist||1950|
|o Total||6,248 km2 (2,412 sq mi)|
|o Density||68/km2 (180/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
Subsequently, a tenth district was established having been carved out of Plasa Ineu:
Administration was re-organized in 1947, comprising 13 districts:
According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 423,469 inhabitants, 61.0% Romanians, 19.5% Hungarians, 12.3% Germans, 2.8% Slovaks, 2.1% Jews, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, 55.8% declared Eastern Orthodox, 26.5% Roman Catholic, 5.5% Reformed, 4.2% Greek Catholic, 3.2% Lutherans, 2.4% Jewish, 1% Baptists, as well as other minorities.
In 1930, the county's urban population was 77,181 inhabitants, 39.3% Romanians, 38.8% Hungarians, 9.1% Jews, 7.1% Germans, 1.7% Serbs and Croats, 1.4% Slovaks, as well as other minorities. In the urban area, languages were Hungarian (53.3%), Romanian (37.0%), German (6.0%), Serbian (1.4%), Yiddish (0.9%), as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of Roman Catholics (38.5%), Eastern Orthodox (33.8%), Jewish (10.1%), Reformed (9.9%), Greek Catholics (4.0%), Lutherans (2.6%), as well as other minorities.
The county's capital, Arad, was the location of Romania's first automotive factory. During the 1920s, Astra cars and commercial vehicles were made at Arad. ASTRA Arad manufactured automobiles from 1922 to 1926. The factory had an output of 2 automobiles per working day as of 1922.