Arebica
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Arebica
Arebica
Script type
Alphabet, based upon the
Perso-Arabic script
Time period
15th-20th century
LanguagesBosnian
The handbook, Bosnian Book of the Science of Conduct published in 1831 by the Bosnian author and poet Abdulvehab Ilhamija, is printed in Arebica.

Arebica (pronounced [arebit?sa], ‎) is a Bosniak variant of the Arabic script used to write the Bosnian language ( ‎).[1] It was used mainly between the 15th and 19th centuries and is frequently categorized as part of Aljamiado literature. Before World War I there were unsuccessful efforts by Bosnian Muslims to adopt Arebica as the third official alphabet for Bosnian alongside Latin and Cyrillic.

Apart from literature, Arebica was used in religious schools and administration, though in much less use than other scripts.

Origin

Arebica was based on the Perso-Arabic script of the Ottoman Empire, with added letters for , and , which are not found in Arabic, Persian or Turkish. Full letters were eventually introduced for all vowels (as with Kurdish Arabic script), making Arebica a true alphabet, unlike its Perso-Arabic base.

The final version of Arebica was devised by Mehmed D?emaludin ?au?evi? at the end of the 19th century. His version is called Matufovica, Matufova?a or Mektebica.

Contemporary use

The first literary work to be published in Arebica for 64 years (since 1941) was a comic book "Had?i ?efko i had?i Mefko" in 2005 (authors Amir Al-Zubi and Meliha ?i?ak-Al-Zubi). The authors made slight modifications to Arebica.

The first book in Arebica with an ISBN was "Epohe fonetske misli kod Arapa i arebica" ("The Age of Phonetic Thought of Arabs and Arebica")[2] in April 2013 in Belgrade by Aldin Mustafi?, MSc. This book represents the completion of the standardization of Mehmed D?emaludin ?au?evi?'s version, and is also a textbook for higher education.

Alphabet

The final version of Arebica alphabet was devised at the end of the 19th century by Mehmed D?emaludin ?au?evi?.

Latin Cyrillic Arebica
Contextual forms Isolated
Final Medial Initial
A a ? ? ?
B b ? ? ?
C c ? ? ?
? ? ? ? ? [b]
? ? ? ?
D d ? ? ?
D? d? ? ? ? [c]
? ? ? ?
E e ? ? ?
F f ? ? ?
G g ? ? ?
H h ? ? ?
I i ? ? ?

?
? [a]
J j ? ? ?
K k ? ? ?
L l ? ? ?
Lj lj ? ? ?
M m ? ? ?
N n ? ? ?
Nj nj ? ? ? [b]
O o ? ? ?
P p ? ? ?
R r ? ? ?
S s ? ? ?
? ? ? ? ?
T t ? ? ?
U u ? ? ?
V v ? ? ?
Z z ? ? ?
? ? ? ? ?

Notes

  • ^a The diacritic beneath the ?‎ appears on the letter preceding the ?‎.
  • ^b Mustafi? uses ?‎ and ?‎ instead of Hah with inverted v below.svg and Noon with inverted v above.svg for ? ?/? ? and Nj nj/? ? .
  • ^c Mustafi? uses ?‎ and Al-Zubi and ?i?ak-Al-Zubi use ?‎ for ? ?/? ?.

Ligatures

Like the standard Arabic alphabet, when ?‎ connects to either ?‎ or ?‎ a special ligature is used instead.

Latin Cyrillic Arebica
Contextual forms Isolated
Final Medial Initial
la
lja

Text examples

Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 1

Bosnian (Arebica): ? ? ?. ? ? ? ? .
Bosnian (Latinica): Sva ljudska bi?a ra?aju se slobodna i jednaka u dostojanstvu i pravima. Ona su obdarena razumom i svijeu i treba da jedno prema drugome postupaju u duhu bratstva.
English: All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Tehran

Bosnian (Arebica): ? ? ? ? .
Bosnian (Latinica): Teheran je glavni i najve?i grad Irana, sjedi?te Teheranske pokrajine i jedan od najve?ih gradova svijeta.
English: Tehran is the capital and largest city of Iran, capital of Tehran Province and one of the largest cities in the world.

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ Hindi (2005). Keith Brown (ed.). Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics (2 ed.). Elsevier. ISBN 0-08-044299-4.
  2. ^ Foreword to "The Age of Phonetic Thought of Arabs and Arebica" by Aldin Mustafi?
  • Enciklopedija leksikografskog zavoda, entry: Arabica. Jugoslavenski leksikografski zavod, Zagreb, 1966

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Arebica
 



 



 
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