|Baptist World Alliance|
|General Secretary and CEO||Elijah M. Brown, since 2018|
|President||Tomás Mackey, since 2020|
|Headquarters||Falls Church, Virginia, U.S.|
|Origin||July 1905 |
London, United Kingdom
The Baptist World Alliance (BWA) is the Christian worldwide communion of Baptist churches. The organization counts an estimated 47 million people in 2021 with 241 member bodies in 126 countries and territories. It is the largest organization of Baptist churches in the world, and eighth-largest Christian communion after the Assemblies of God (see list of denominations by membership). Its headquarters are in Falls Church, Washington metropolitan area, Virginia, United States. It is led by General Secretary and CEO Elijah M. Brown and by President Tomás Mackey.
The roots of the Baptist World Alliance can be traced back to the seventeenth century when Baptist leader Thomas Grantham proposed the concept of a congregation of all Christians in the world that are "baptised according to the appointment of Christ." Similar proposals were put forward later such as the call of John Rippon in 1790 for a world meeting of Baptists "to consult the ecclesiastical good to the whole."
It was, however, only in 1904 when such congregation became a reality. John Newton Prestridge, editor of The Baptist Argus, at Louisville, Kentucky called for a world gathering of Baptists. John Howard Shakespeare, editor of The Baptist Times and Freeman, London, endorsed the proposal. In October 1904, the Baptist Union of Great Britain passed a resolution to invite a Congress to meet with them in 1905. At the Congress, a committee was formed, which proposed a Constitution for a World Alliance. The Baptist World Alliance was founded in London, during this first Baptist World Congress in July 1905.
Membership was opened to "any general Union, Convention or Association of Baptist Churches", and it was decided that the Alliance would "meet in general assembly ordinarily once in five years, unless otherwise determined by the Executive Committee". Three leading personalities involved in the organisation included Prestridge, Shakespeare and Alexander Maclaren (who served as provisional President).
The gathering was referred to as an "alliance" and not a council in order to establish the nature of the dialogue as a meeting. This means that the body wields no authority over participating churches or national Baptist unions, serving only as a forum for collaboration.
According to a denomination census released in 2021, it has 241 Baptist denominations members in 126 countries, 169,000 churches and 47,000,000 baptized members.
The alliance's stated goals are to: "(1) To Unite Baptists Worldwide; (2) To Lead in World Evangelization; (3) To Respond to People in Need; and (4) To Defend Human Rights."
The Alliance is divided into six regional or geographical fellowships: North American Baptist Fellowship, Asia Pacific Baptist Federation (formerly Asian Baptist Federation), All-Africa Baptist Fellowship, Caribbean Baptist Fellowship, Union of Baptists in Latin America, and European Baptist Federation. Each regional fellowship is served by an Executive Secretary.
|Robert Stuart MacArthur||1911-1923||USA|
|Edgar Young Mullins||1923-1928||USA|
|George Washington Truett||1934-1939||USA|
|James Henry Rushbrooke||1939-1947||UK|
|Charles Oscar Johnson||1947-1950||USA|
|Fred Townley Lord||1950-1955||UK|
|Theodore Floyd Adams||1955-1960||USA|
|Joao Filson Soren||1960-1965||Brasil|
|David Wong||1975-1980||Hong Kong|
|Duke Kimbrough McCall||1980-1985||USA|
|Nilson do Amaral Fanini||1995-2000||Brasil|
|Billy Kim||2000-2005||South Korea|
|John Upton||2010-2015||USA (Virginia)|
|Paul Mzisa||2015-||South Africa|
|10.||1960||Rio de Janeiro||BRA|
|19.||2021 (Upcoming)||Rio De Janeiro||BRA|
The Baptist World Alliance maintains ecumenical relations with the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity. One series of International Conversations between the BWA and the Catholic Church took place from between 1984 and 1988 moderated by the Reverend Dr David T. Shannon, sometime President of Andover Newton Theological School, and the Most Reverend Bede Heather, Bishop of Parramatta. While this dialogue produced the report called Summons to Witness to Christ in Today's World, the second phase did not push through because of opposition from within the Baptist World Alliance itself. Negotiations continued, however, so that a series of consultations transpired from 2000 to 2003. During this period the Baptists and Catholics discussed important doctrines that divide these denominations. These second series of conversations resulted in formal meetings between 2006 and 2010. The current Co-Moderators are Paul Fiddes, Professor of Systematic Theology in the University of Oxford and formerly Principal of Regent's Park College, Oxford, and Arthur J. Serratelli, Bishop of Paterson.
In 2004, the Southern Baptist Convention of the United States had accused then-BWA President Kim of adopting a liberal theology, because of his support for the exercise of pastoral ministry of women, its anti-Americanism, and because a member denomination, the American Baptist Churches USA, had accepted an organization that had two churches favorable to marriage between people of the same sex, and thereafter left the organization. Alliance Secretary General Denton Lotz replied that the Alliance was not liberal, but evangelical conservative, that the American Baptist Churches USA in his constitution did not support homosexuality and that any accusations of anti-Americanism had resulted from his visits to Fidel Castro in Cuba for the import of Bibles and the expansion of the freedom of belief. In 2005, two state denomination members of the Southern Baptist Convention, the Baptist General Association of Virginia and the Baptist General Convention of Texas, applied for membership in the Alliance and were admitted.