Baranya County (former)
Get Baranya County Former essential facts below. View Videos or join the Baranya County Former discussion. Add Baranya County Former to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Baranya County Former

Baranya County
Comitatus Baranyiensis  (Latin)
Baranya vármegye  (Hungarian)
Komitat Baranya  (German)
Baranjska ?upanija  (Croatian)
  (Serbian)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
(1000-1541, 1699-1946)
Coat of arms of Baranya
Coat of arms
Baranya.png
CapitalPécs
Area
 o Coordinates46°5?N 18°14?E / 46.083°N 18.233°E / 46.083; 18.233Coordinates: 46°5?N 18°14?E / 46.083°N 18.233°E / 46.083; 18.233
 
o 1910
5,176 km2 (1,998 sq mi)
o 1930
4,033 km2 (1,557 sq mi)
Population 
o 1910
352478
o 1930
311660
History 
o Established
1000
o Ottoman conquest
1541
o County recreated
1699
4 June 1920
11 April 1941
o Monarchy abolished
1 February 1946
Today part of Hungary
(4,033 km2)
 Croatia
(1,143 km2)
Baranya County in the 20th century
Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description)

Baranya (Hungarian: Baranya, Croatian: Baranja, Serbian: / Baranja, German: Branau) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now divided between present-day Baranya County of Hungary and Osijek-Baranja County of Croatia. The capital of the county was Pécs.

Geography

Baranya county was located in Baranya region. It shared borders with the Hungarian counties Somogy, Tolna, Bács-Bodrog and Ver?ce (the latter county was part of Croatia-Slavonia). The county stretched along the rivers Drava (north bank) and Danube (west bank), up to their confluence. Its area was 5,176 km² around 1910.

Historical background

Baranya county arose as one of the first counties of the Kingdom of Hungary, in the 11th century. Stephen I of Hungary founded an episcopal seat here. In the 15th century, Janus Pannonius was the Bishop of Pécs. In the 16th century, the Ottoman Empire conquered Baranya, and included it into the sanjak of Mohács, an Ottoman administrative unit, with the seat in the city of Mohács.

History

In the end of the 17th century, Baranya was captured by Habsburg Monarchy, and was included into Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary after the Battle of Mohács (1687).

In 1918, the entire Baranya was captured by Serbian troops and was administered by the newly created Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, but as a Republic, see: Baranya-Baja Republic.

By the Treaty of Trianon of 1920, the territory of the county was divided between the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed to Yugoslavia in 1929) and Hungary. The south-east of the county was assigned to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, while the remainder was assigned to Hungary.

The former Yugoslav part of the pre-1920 county was occupied and annexed by Hungary during World War II and the pre-1920 borders of Baranya county were restored in 1941. The post-1920 borders were restored again after World War II and the territory of the county reduced again.

Since 1991, when Croatia became independent from Yugoslavia, the Yugoslav part of pre-1920 Baranya county is part of Croatia. Between 1991 and 1995 it was under occupation of rebel Croatian Serbs, while from 1995 through 1998 the United Nations administered that area (United Nations Transitional Administration for Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium) as a transitional body. In modern times there is a Magyar and Serb minority in Croatian Baranja and a Croatian minority in Hungarian Baranya. Roma minority is present in both parts, as well as Germans (mostly until 1945). Today, the present Hungarian county of Baranya also include some lands in the west that were not part of the historic Baranya county (after World War II most of the district of Szigetvár - previously part of Somogy county - and some other localities was transferred to Baranya county).

The formation of modern Baranya County. (1) Territory assigned from Somogy County to Baranya County in 1950.
BARANYA.png

Demographics

In 1900, the county had a population of 334,764 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

In 1910, the county had a population of 352,478 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Subdivisions

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Baranya county were:

Districts (járás) Population by 1910 census
District Capital Settlements Population by ethnicity Population by religion
Baranyavár District Dárda Albertfalu  • Baranyabán  • Baranyaszentistván  • Baranyavár  • Bellye  • Benge  • Bezedek  • Bolmány  • Csúza  • Dárda  • Hercegszentmárton  • Hercegsz?l?s  • Illocska  • Ivándárda  • Jen?falva  • Kácsfalu  • Karancs  • Keskend  • Kisdárda  • Kisk?szeg  • Kislippó  • Kopács  • K?  • Lapáncsa  • Laskafalu  • Laskó  • Lippó  • L?cs  • Magyarbóly  • Németmárok  • Pélmonostor  • Sárok  • Sepse  • Várdaróc  • Villány  • Virágos  • Vörösmart

total: 49,135

  Germans 19,804 (40.30%)
  Hungarians 18,203 (37.04%)
  Serbs 7,226 (14.70%)
  ?okci 2,753 (5.60%)
  Croats 486 (0.98%)
  Roma 439 (0.89%)
  Slovaks 63 (0.12%)
  Romanians 6 (0.01%)
  Others 155 (0.31%)

total: 49,135

  Roman Catholics 31,892 (64.90%)
  Eastern orthodox 7,623 (15.51%)
  Calvinists 6,701 (13.63%)
  Lutherans 1,961 (3.99%)
  Jewish 719 (1.46%)
  Eastern catholics 31 (0.06%)
  Unitarians 3 (0.00%)
  Others 205 (0.41%)
Hegyhát District Sásd Abaliget  • Ág  • Alsómocsolád  • Bakóca  • Bános  • Baranyajen?  • Baranyaszentgyörgy  • Barátúr  • Bikal  • Császta  • Csikóst?tt?s  • Egyházbér  • Fels?egerszeg  • Fels?mindszent  • Gerényes  • Godisa  • Gödre  • Gödreszentmárton  • Gyümölcsény  • Hegyhátmaróc  • Hetvehely  • Hörnyék  • Husztót  • Jágónak  • Kán  • Kaposszekcs?  • Karácodfa  • Kárász  • Kisbattyán  • Kisbeszterce  • Kisbodolya  • Kishajmás  • Kishertelend  • Kisvaszar  • Komló  • Kovácsszénája  • Köblény  • Liget  • Mágocs  • Magyaregregy  • Magyarhertelend  • Magyarszék  • Mánfa  • Mecsekjánosi  • Mecsekpölöske  • Mecsekrákos  • Mecsekszakál  • Mekényes  • Mez?d  • Nagyhajmás  • Németszék  • Okorvölgy  • Orf?  • Oroszló  • Palé  • Pécsbudafa  • Ráckozár  • Sásd  • Szágy  • Szalatnak  • Szárász  • Szászvár  • Szatina  • Szentkatalin  • Szopok  • Tarrós  • Tekeres  • Tékes  • Tóf?  • Tormás  • Varga  • Vásárosdombó  • Vázsnok  • Vékény

total: 46,882

  Hungarians 23,256 (49.60%)
  Germans 22,972 (48.99%)
  Roma 386 (0.82%)
  Croats 72 (0.15%)
  Slovaks 25 (0.05%)
  Serbs 9 (0.01%)
  Romanians 3 (0.00%)
  Others 159 (0.33%)

total: 46,882

  Roman Catholics 38,949 (83.07%)
  Lutherans 7,187 (15.32%)
  Jewish 528 (1.12%)
  Calvinists 168 (0.35%)
  Eastern orthodox 15 (0.03%)
  Eastern catholics 9 (0.01%)
  Unitarians 5 (0.01%)
  Others 21 (0.04%)
Mohács District Mohács Babarc  • Bár  • Baranyakisfalud  • Borjád  • Cseledoboka  • Dályok  • Darázs  • Dunaszekcs?  • Hercegmárok  • Hercegszabar  • Izsép  • Kisnyárád  • Kölked  • Lánycsók  • Liptód  • Majs  • Mohács  • Nagybodolya  • Nagynyárád  • Németbóly  • Pócsa  • Rácgörcsöny  • Ráct?tt?s  • Somberek  • Szajk  • Udvar  • Versend

total: 56,909

  Germans 21,951 (38.57%)
  Hungarians 20,699 (36.37%)
  ?okci 9,219 (16.19%)
  Serbs 4,312 (7.57%)
  Croats 421 (0.73%)
  Roma 136 (0.23%)
  Slovaks 24 (0.04%)
  Romanians 2 (0.00%)
  Others 145 (0.25%)

total: 56,909

  Roman Catholics 48,028 (84.39%)
  Eastern orthodox 4,535 (7.96%)
  Calvinists 2,338 (4.10%)
  Jewish 1,319 (2.31%)
  Lutherans 571 (1.00%)
  Eastern catholics 32 (0.05%)
  Unitarians 3 (0.00%)
  Others 83 (0.14%)
Pécs District Pécs
Pécsvárad District Pécsvárad
Siklós District Siklós
Szentl?rinc District Szentl?rinc
Urban counties (törvényhatósági jogú város)
Pécs

References

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012.
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012.
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012.
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Baranya_County_(former)
 



 



 
Music Scenes