Stratigraphic range: Early to Middle Miocene (Barstovian)
|Primary||limestone, shale, siltstone, sandstone, tuff|
|Extent||Northern San Bernardino County, Southeastern California|
|Named for||Barstow, California|
|Named by||Hershey (1902)|
The sediments are fluvial and lacustrine in origin except for nine layers of rhyolitic tuff. It is well known for its abundant vertebrate fossils including bones, teeth and footprints. The formation is also renowned for the fossiliferous concretions in its upper member, which contain three-dimensionally preserved arthropods.
The arthropods in the upper member of the Barstow Formation are preserved in concretions. The concretions are calcareous and range from 0.125 cm3 to 125 cm3. The fossils are typically three-dimensional and, on occasion, exhibit internal anatomy. Due to the preservation of soft-tissue, the Barstow Formation has been identified as a Konservat-Lagerstätte deposit. The fauna was first recognized in 1954 by Allen M. Basset and Allison "Pete" R. Palmer.
The concretions from the Barstow Formation preserve both allochthonous arthropod communities and rare autochthonous arthropod communities. Over 21 orders of arthropods have been recorded. The fossil assemblage is dominated by Diptera (Dasyhelea australis antiqua), Coleoptera (Schistomerus californese), and Anostraca (Archaebranchinecta barstowensis).
Syncline in the Barstow Formation, lower parking lot of Calico Ghost Town near Barstow, California.
Anticline in the Barstow Formation (Miocene) at Calico Ghost Town near Barstow, California.