Batum Oblast
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Batum Oblast
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Batum Oblast
Oblast of Russian Empire
1878-1918
Flag of Batum Oblast
Flag
Coat of arms of Batum Oblast
Coat of arms
CapitalBatum
Area
 o Coordinates41°38?45?N 41°38?30?E / 41.6458°N 41.6417°E / 41.6458; 41.6417Coordinates: 41°38?45?N 41°38?30?E / 41.6458°N 41.6417°E / 41.6458; 41.6417
 
o 1897
61,092 km2 (23,588 sq mi)
Population 
o 1897
144584
History 
o Treaty of San Stefano
20 September 1878
12 June 1883
17 March 1903
o Proclamation of PNGSC
1918
Today part of Georgia
 Turkey

The Batum Oblast was an oblast (province) of the Caucasus Viceroyalty of the Russian Empire, with the maritime city of Batum as its center. It roughly corresponded to most of present-day southwestern Georgia. It was created out of the territories of the former Ottoman Sanjak of Batum (ruled by the Ottomans since the late 16th century).

Demographics

As of 1897, the total population of the Batum and Artvin Okrugs, which would later form the Batum Oblast, was 144,584. Kartvelians, including primarily the Adjarians, Muslim Georgian-speakers, constituted 43.5% of the population. Turks constituted the second largest group at 30.8% and were mostly concentrated in the Artvin area (today the Artvin Province of Turkey due to the Treaty of Kars). Significant minorities included Armenians, Russians, and Caucasus Greeks.

Ethnic groups in 1897

TOTAL 144,584 100%
Kartvelians 63,012 43,5%
Turks 44,667 30,8%
Armenians 14,939 10,3%
Russians 7,532 5,2%
Greeks 4,717 3,2%

[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ Includes population figures for the Batum and Artvin Okrugs, which would form the Batum Oblast by 1917. " Weekly - ?. ? ". Demoscope.ru. Retrieved . and " Weekly - ?. ? ". Demoscope.ru. Retrieved .

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