Bjorn Engholm
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Bjorn Engholm

Engholm in 2019

Björn Engholm (born 9 November 1939) is a German politician of the Social Democratic Party (SPD). He was Minister-President of Schleswig-Holstein from 1988 to 1993 and leader of the Social Democratic Party between 1991 and 1993.

Engholm was educated at University of Hamburg.[1] He was elected Minister-President of Schleswig-Holstein in 1988, in the wake of the Barschel affair/Waterkantgate: he had been spied on and was a victim of severe defamation (HIV infection, tax evasion, etc.) by the Barschel campaign. The Social Democrats won an impressive 54.2% (up almost 10%) and gained an absolute majority for the first time ever.[2] Engholm served as President of the Bundesrat in 1988/89.

While Engholm was popular with the electorate, he was forced to resign as party leader and Minister-President in 1993 after discrepancies surfaced over the testimonies he gave in the Barschel affair (Schubladenaffäre, drawer affair). A party official had paid 50,000 Deutsche Mark (kept in a kitchen drawer) to the spy of the Barschel affair to keep the espionage a secret for several weeks, to reveal the scandal on election weekend with a bigger impact and then present Engholm as a victim.

He was succeeded by Rudolf Scharping as party chairman and by Heide Simonis as Minister-President.

Since 1964, Engholm is married to painter Barbara Engholm (born 1940); they have two daughters.


  1. ^ Publications, Europa (2003). The International Who's Who 2004. Psychology Press. p. 494. ISBN 9781857432176.
  2. ^ "Drucken". Retrieved 2020.
Party political offices
Preceded by
Hans-Jochen Vogel
Chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Germany
Succeeded by
Rudolf Scharping

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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