Get Bolko II of Opole essential facts below. View Videos or join the Bolko II of Opole discussion. Add Bolko II of Opole to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Bolko II of Opole
Duke of Opole
Coat-of-arms of Upper Silesia (Opole, Strzelce, Niemodlin, etc)
At the time of his father's death in 1313, Bolko II and his youngest brother Albert inherited the Duchy of Opole as co-rulers; but because at that time both were probably minors, they were placed under the care of their older brother, Boles?aw the Elder. Bolko II assumed full government over his domains in 1323, and made the formal division of the Duchy with his brother Albert: he received Strzelce Opolskie and Bolko II retained the main city of Opole.
Thanks to his marriage to Elisabeth, daughter of Duke Bernard of ?widnica, Bolko II had a temporary close connection with the Polish King W?adys?aw I the Elbow-high (paternal grandfather of his wife). However, this alliance was short-lived: on 5 April 1327 in Wroc?aw, he paid homage to King John of Bohemia; he was the last Silesian Duke who became a vassal of Bohemia.
During his rule in Opole, Bolko II focused on the economical development of his domains. He introduced German laws (see Magdeburg Law) in the villages; also, he supported trade and took care of the state of roads, in order to maintain the safety of travelers.
Bolko II was particularly attached to the Franciscan monastery of Opole. Inside the monastery, he built the Chapel of St. Anna, which became the Family vault of the Dukes of Opole. When Bolko II died on 21 June 1356, he was buried there.
^According to old chronicles, Bolko II remarried after the death of his wife Elisabeth. The name of his second wife was possibly Margareta, and together they had a daughter, called Agnes, later wife of Margrave Jobst of Moravia, later King of Germany. However, modern historians have debated (and even denied in some cases) the existence of the alleged second wife and daughter of Bolko II. According to the latest researches, this Agnes could be the same as Elisabeth, daughter of W?adys?aw Opolczyk and first (if the existence of Agnes is believed) wife of Jobst. The confusion was in the fact that Elisabeth probably also used the name Agnes (Elisabeth-Agnes), a custom which wasn't unusual at that time (for example, Viola of Cieszyn or Richenza of Poland, later Queens of Bohemia, changed their names to Elisabeth after their marriages; see their popflock.com resource articles). Sources who supported the existence of one wife of Jobst: Marek, Miroslav. "Genealogy of the House of Piast". Genealogy.EU.[self-published source];[better source needed] sources who supported the existence of two wives of Jobst: Genealogical database by Herbert Stoyan[permanent dead link], Cawley, Charles, MORAVIA, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy,[self-published source][better source needed].