The group specialises in construction (Colas Group and Bouygues Construction), real estate development (Bouygues Immobilier), media (TF1 Group), telecommunications (Bouygues Telecom) and transportation (Alstom).
The company was founded by Francis Bouygues in 1952. In 1970 Bouygues became listed on the Paris Stock Exchange. In 1985 and 1986 Bouygues acquired road construction groups Screg, Sacer and Colas;[note 1] later reorganised as Colas Group. In 1987 the company started operating the television channel TF1 and in 1988 Bouygues moved into its new head office, the Challenger complex, in Saint-Quentin en Yvelines. In 1996 the company launched Bouygues Télécom and in 2006 the company acquired 23.26% of Alstom. In 2010, through its subsidiary Nerem Telecom, Boygues also acquired HGT Telecom for $170 million from Henri Benezra and his brother Avi.
In 2014, consecutively to Alstom's cession of its Energy activities to General Electric, Bouygues granted a call option to the French government allowing it to acquire a maximum of 20% of Alstom, currently owned by the group. In May 2018, the company purchased the Australian construction company A. W. Edwards.
Telecom/media services and new construction businesses (construction, roads, buildings, etc.)
Bouygues Construction (100% share): construction, public works, energy & services, with a presence in 80 countries worldwide
Colas Group (96.6% share): roadworks, construction, railways and maintenance
Bouygues Immobilier (100% share): residential, corporate, commercial and hotel real estate and urban development, property development
Since 2006, Bouygues has participated in the United Nations Global Compact The group sponsors The Shift Project think tank, with several other companies such as EDF, BNP Paribas or Saint-Gobain, which promotes sustainable economic development.
Bouygues focuses its patronage on education, social issues and medical research. Each subsidiary supports its own foundation:
The Francis Bouygues Foundation sponsors deserving high school students with a scholarship.
Terre Plurielle, Bouygues Construction's foundation, grants financial support to projects selected by employees. These projects concern access to health, education, and the social insertion of people facing major difficulties.
The Bouygues Immobilier Corporate Foundation created in 2009 aims at raising awareness about the need of sustainable construction and urban planning.
The Colas Foundation supports contemporary arts through the acquisition of paintings.
The TF1 Foundation helps young talents from underprivileged neighbourhoods to succeed in the broadcasting sector.
The Bouygues Telecom Foundation is committed to environmental protection, helping people in social or medical difficulty, and promoting the French language.
Between 2009 and 2011, Bouygues S.A. was illegally employing workers from Poland and Romania exposing them to inhuman working conditions at the construction site of the Flamanville nuclear power plant in Normandy, France. The company was later condemned for their practices before the court in Cherbourg and was ordered to pay sanctions.
Cyberattack on Bouygues Construction SA
On 30 January 2020 a ransomware-type virus was detected on Bouygues Construction's computer network although operational activity on the construction sites was disrupted. The "Maze Ransomware Gang" claimed responsibility for the attack and posted a 1.2 GB file that allegedly contained data taken from Bouygues Construction.
^Colas became a direct subsidiary of Bouygues in 2000, after a share swap made Bouygues the direct owner
^"ContactsArchived 29 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine." Bouygues Construction. Retrieved on 27 December 2011. "Bouygues Construction Challenger 1, avenue Eugène Freyssinet Guyancourt 78061 St-Quentin-en-Yvelines France"