Br%C4%83ila County
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Br%C4%83ila County

Br?ila County
Jude?ul Br?ila
County
Braila in Romania.svg
Coordinates: 45°07?N 27°41?E / 45.11°N 27.68°E / 45.11; 27.68Coordinates: 45°07?N 27°41?E / 45.11°N 27.68°E / 45.11; 27.68
Country Romania
Development region1Sud-Est
Historic regionMuntenia
Capital city (Re?edin de jude?)Br?ila
Government
 o TypeCounty Board
 o President of the County BoardFrancisk-Iulian Chiriac (PSD)
Area
 o Total4,766 km2 (1,840 sq mi)
Area rank32nd in Romania
Population
(2011)
 o Total304,925
 o Rank30th in Romania
 o Density64/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
81wxyz3
Area code(s)+40 x394
Car PlatesBR5
GDPUS$ 1.930 billion (2015)
GDP/capitaUS$ 6,315 (2015)
WebsiteCounty Board
County Prefecture
1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed just to attract funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned to have any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Br?ila County (Romanian pronunciation: [br?'ila] ) is a county (jude?) of Romania, in Muntenia, with the capital city at Br?ila.

Demographics

In 2011, Br?ila had a population of 304,925 and the population density was 64/km2.[1]

Year County population[3]
1948 Steady 271,251
1956 Increase 297,276
1966 Increase 339,954
1977 Increase 377,954
1992 Increase 392,069
2002 Decrease 373,174
2011 Decrease 304,925

Geography

This county has a total area of 4,766 km2.

All the county lies on a flat plane: the B?r?gan Plain, one of the best areas for growing cereals in Romania.

On the east side there is the Danube, which forms an island - The Great Br?ila Island surrounded by the M?cin channel, Cremenea channel and Vâlciu channel. On the northern side there is the Siret River and on the north-western side there is the Buz?u River.

Neighbours

Economy

The agriculture is the main occupation in the county. Industry is almost entirely concentrated in the city of Br?ila.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Food industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Mechanical components industry.

In Br?ila there is an important harbour, once the biggest cereal harbour in Romania.

Tourism

DN21, a road in Romania, in Br?ila County

The main tourist destinations are:

Politics

The Br?ila County Council, renewed at the 2020 local elections, consists of 30 counsellors, with the following party composition:[4]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party (PSD) 17                                  
  National Liberal Party (PNL) 10                                  
  People's Movement Party (PMP) 3                                  

Administrative divisions

City hall in Ianca, the second largest urban locality in Br?ila County

Br?ila County has 1 municipality, 3 towns and 40 communes

Historical county

Jude?ul Br?ila
County (Jude?)
The Br?ila County prefecture and court building from the interwar period, now the engineering building of Dun?rea de Jos University.
The Br?ila County prefecture and court building from the interwar period, now the engineering building of Dun?rea de Jos University.
Coat of arms of Jude?ul Br?ila
Romania 1930 county Braila.png
CountryFlag of Romania.svg Romania
Historic regionMuntenia
Capital city (Re?edin de jude?)Br?ila
Area
 o Total4,286 km2 (1,655 sq mi)
Population
(1930)
 o Total219,932
 o Density51/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
UTC+3 (EEST)

Historically, the county was located in the southeastern part of Greater Romania, in the northeastern part of the Muntenia region. Its territory included the portions of the current county to the east and south-east of the Buz?u River. It was bordered on the west by the counties of Buz?u and Râmnicu-S?rat, to the north by Covurlui County, to the east by Tulcea County, and to the south by the counties of Constan?a and Ialomi?a.

Administration

Map of Br?ila County as constituted in 1938.

The county was originally divided administratively into four districts (pli):[5]

  1. Plasa C?lmui, with headquarters at F?urei
  2. Plasa Ianca, with headquarters at Ianca
  3. Plasa Silistraru, with headquarters at Silistraru
  4. Plasa Viziru, with headquarters at Viziru

Subsequently, Plasa C?lmui, was abolished and two new districts were established in its place:

  1. Plasa I.I.C. Bratianu, with headquarters at F?urei
  2. Plasa V?deni, with headquarters at V?deni

Population

Map of Br?ila County's ethnic groups as reported in the 1930 census.

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 219,831 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 89.4% Romanians, 3.1% Jews, 2.2% Greeks, 0.7% Hungarians, 0.6% Russians, as well as other minorities.[6] From the religious point of view, the population was 93.6% Eastern Orthodox, 3.3% Jewish, 1.2% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.[7]

Urban population

In 1930, the county's urban population was 68,347 inhabitants, comprising 75.4% Romanians, 9.7% Jews, 6.7% Greeks, 1.7% Hungarians, 1.6% Russians, as well as other minorities.[6] Mother tongues among the urban population were Romanian (82.6%), Greek (5.8%), Yiddish (4.8%), Russian (1.9%), Hungarian (1.5%), as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 84.4% Eastern Orthodox, 10.4% Jewish, 3.2% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.[7]

References

  1. ^ "COMUNICAT DE PRES? : 2 februarie 2012 privind rezultatele provizorii ale Recens?mântului Popula?iei ?i Locuin?elor - 2011" (PDF). Recensamantromania.ro. Retrieved 2018.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Popula?ia dup? etnie" Archived 16 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Popula?ia la recens?mintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 ?i 2002" Archived 22 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electoral? Permanent?. Retrieved 2020.
  5. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Jude?ul Br?ila
  6. ^ a b Recens?mântul general al popula?iei României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 80-81
  7. ^ a b Recens?mântul general al popula?iei României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 561

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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