Christopher Robert Cheney (20 December 1906 – 19 June 1987) was a medieval historian, noted for his work on the medieval English church and the relations of the papacy with England, particularly in the age of Pope Innocent III.
Cheney was born on 20 December 1906 in
Banbury, Oxfordshire, to parents George Gardner Cheney and Christina Stapleton Bateman. He was educated at  Banbury County School and Wadham College, Oxford, where he graduated with first-class honours in 1928.
He lectured at the
University of Cairo, University College, London (1931-1933), and the University of Manchester (1933-1937) before returning to the Oxford in 1937 as reader in diplomatic and fellow of Magdalen College in 1937. He married Mary Hall on 24 August 1940. 
After war service with
MI5, he took the chair in Medieval History at Manchester in 1945 until his election as the Professor of Medieval History at the University of Cambridge in 1955. He remained at Cambridge as a fellow of Corpus Christi College until his retirement in 1972.
Cheney was elected a
Fellow of the British Academy in 1951 and appointed CBE in 1984. He died in Cambridge on 19 June 1987.
Episcopal Visitation of Monasteries in the Thirteenth Century. Publications of the University of Manchester, Historical Series. 58. Manchester. 1931. [revised edition 1983]
English Synodalia of the Thirteenth Century. 1941.
Handbook of Dates for Students of English History. Royal Historical Society, Guides and Handbooks. 4. London: Royal Historical Society. 1945. [and many later editions]
English Bishops' Chanceries, 1100-1250. University of Manchester Faculty of Arts Publications. 3. Manchester. 1950. with W. H. Semple (eds)
Selected Letters of Pope Innocent III concerning England (1198-1216). Medieval Texts series. London: Nelson. 1953.
The Records of Medieval England: an inaugural lecture. Cambridge. 1956.
From Becket to Langton: English church government, 1170-1213. Ford Lectures, Hilary Term 1955. Manchester. 1956. with
F. M. Powicke (eds) Councils and Synods with other Documents Relating to the English Church, Vol. 2: pt. 1, 1205-1265; pt. 2, 1265-1313. Oxford. 1964.
Hubert Walter. London: Nelson. 1967.
Notaries Public in England in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1972.
Pope Innocent III and England. Päpste und Papsttum. 9. Stuttgart: Anton Hiersmann. 1976.
The Papacy and England, 12th to 14th Centuries: historical and legal studies. London: Variorum Reprints. 1982. ISBN . 0860780996
The English Church and its Laws, 12th-14th centuries. London: Variorum Reprints. 1982. ISBN . 0860781089 with B. E. A. Jones (eds)
English Episcopal Acta II: Canterbury 1162-1190. English Episcopal Acta. 2. Oxford. 1986. with Eric John (eds) English Episcopal Acta III: Canterbury 1193-1205. English Episcopal Acta. 3. Oxford. 1986.