Cabinet of Malaysia
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Cabinet of Malaysia

The Cabinet of Malaysia is the executive branch of the Government of Malaysia. Led by the Prime Minister, the cabinet is a council of ministers who are accountable collectively to the Parliament. According to the Article 43 of the Constitution, members of the Cabinet can only be selected from members of either houses of Parliament. Formally, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong appoints all Ministers on the advice of the Prime Minister.[1] The constitution is amended by repealing the Clause (8) of Article 43, enabling a person who is a member of State Legislative Assembly to continue to be one even when he or she is appointed as a minister or deputy minister in the cabinet. Ministers other than the Prime Minister shall hold office during the pleasure of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, unless the appointment of any Minister shall have been revoked by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong on the advice of the Prime Minister but any Minister may resign his office. In practice, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong is obliged to follow the advice of the Prime Minister on the appointment and dismissal of ministers.

Cabinet appointments

Members of the Cabinet must be members of either house of Parliament. Most ministers are appointed from the lower house, the Dewan Rakyat, although a few are appointed from the upper house, the Dewan Negara. The Prime Minister must be a member of the Dewan Rakyat. Although Deputy Ministers and Parliamentary Secretaries may be appointed to each portfolio, they are not included in the Cabinet. The Cabinet meets weekly, every Wednesday.[2] After the position of Parliamentary Secretary was removed and partial live telecasts of Parliament proceedings began in 2008, Cabinet meetings were moved to Fridays whenever Parliament sat, so as to allow Ministers to personally answer questions during Question Time in Parliament.[3]

Cabinet composition

The composition of the Cabinet, and the number of portfolios depends mainly on the wishes of the Prime Minister at the time. However, the post of Finance Minister was considered so important as to be a necessity, and as a result was incorporated by the Minister of Finance (Incorporation) Act 1957 (Act 375).[4] The position of Deputy Prime Minister is one that exists by convention, and as a result a Prime Minister could theoretically form a Cabinet without a Deputy.[5]

Deputy ministers exist for each portfolio, although they are not considered members of the Cabinet. The position of Deputy Minister was created by constitutional amendment in 1960. The office of parliamentary secretary for each ministry exists but none were appointed after the 2008 Malaysian general election. Parliamentary secretaries were provided for by an amendment in 1963. Deputy ministers and parliamentary secretaries are also appointed from members of Parliament, and deputise for the ministers in government ministries and in Parliament respectively. An additional office, that of the Political Secretary, exists. Political Secretaries need not be members of Parliament. Before taking office, all members of the Cabinet, Deputy Ministers, Parliamentary Secretaries, and Political Secretaries take an oath of secrecy concerning the proceedings of the Cabinet. (See also Official Secrets Act (Malaysia).)[5]

Functions of cabinet

An outline of the functions of the Cabinet are as follow:[6]

  • To formulate national economic policies and development programs.
    • The Cabinet is responsible to formulate various development programs and projects for the development of the country. Examples are the New Economic Policy (NEP), the National Development Policy (NDP), and the National Vision Policy (NVP).
  • To set the budget and finance of the country.
    • The government is allowed to generate revenues from the people through the collection of taxes, fines, summons, custom duties, fees, etc.
    • The government is allowed to plan for the various development programs, and also to allocate the resources for these development plans and programs.
  • As an arena for suggestions, debates, and criticisms.
    • The Cabinet is allowed to discuss almost any issues of national interests, except those that touch on the special rights of the Malays, Bumiputeras and/or royal privileges. Article 153 (1): It shall be the responsibility of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong to safeguard the special position of the Malays and Natives of any of the States of Sabah and Sarawak, and the legitimate interests of other communities in accordance with the provisions of this Article.
  • To propose and amend the law.
    • Law is proposed by the Executive and introduce in Parliament with the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd readings for approval.
    • Most provisions for the amendments of the constitution requires a 2/3 majority of the total number of members from both the Houses or Dewans.
    • The bill must be presented to the YDPA for the final assent.

List of cabinets

21 cabinets have taken place in Malaysia since 1957 headed by seven Prime Ministers.

Name of Cabinet Head of Cabinet Period of Office Composition
Rahman I Tunku Abdul Rahman 31 August 1957 - 19 August 1959 13 ministers
Rahman II 22 August 1959 - 24 April 1964
  • 16 ministers
  • 6 assistant ministers
Rahman III 25 April 1964 - 1969
  • 20 ministers
  • 5 assistant ministers
  • 4 parliamentary secretaries
Rahman IV 1969 - 21 December 1970 9 ministers
Razak I Abdul Razak Hussein 22 December 1970 - 24 August 1974
  • 22 ministers
  • 7 deputy ministers
  • 5 parliamentary secretaries
Razak II 25 August 1974 - 14 January 1976
  • 20 ministers
  • 16 deputy ministers
  • 9 parliamentary secretaries
Hussein I Hussein Onn 15 January 1976 - 8 July 1978
  • 22 ministers
  • 20 deputy ministers
  • 8 parliamentary secretaries
Hussein II 9 July 1978 - 15 July 1981
  • 23 ministers
  • 22 deputy ministers
  • 9 parliamentary secretaries
Mahathir I Mahathir Mohamad 16 July 1981 - 21 April 1982
  • 24 ministers
  • 22 deputy ministers
  • 10 parliamentary secretaries
Mahathir II 22 April 1982 - 2 August 1986
  • 24 ministers
  • 29 deputy ministers
  • 9 parliamentary secretaries
Mahathir III 11 August 1986 - 26 October 1990
  • 24 ministers
  • 31 deputy ministers
  • 10 parliamentary secretaries
Mahathir IV 22 October 1990 - 3 May 1995
  • 26 ministers
  • 30 deputy ministers
  • 14 parliamentary secretaries
Mahathir V 4 May 1995 - 14 December 1999
  • 30 ministers
  • 27 deputy ministers
  • 14 parliamentary secretaries
Mahathir VI 15 December 1999 - 2 November 2003
  • 30 ministers
  • 28 deputy ministers
  • 16 parliamentary secretaries
Abdullah I Abdullah Ahmad Badawi 3 November 2003 - 26 March 2004
  • 31 ministers
  • 29 deputy ministers
  • 16 parliamentary secretaries
Abdullah II 27 March 2004 - 18 March 2008
  • 34 ministers
  • 39 deputy ministers
  • 20 parliamentary secretaries
Abdullah III 19 March 2008 - 9 April 2009
  • 32 ministers
  • 38 deputy ministers
Najib I Najib Razak 10 April 2009 - 15 May 2013
  • 33 ministers
  • 40 deputy ministers
Najib II 16 May 2013 - 9 May 2018
  • 38 ministers
  • 34 deputy ministers
Mahathir VII Mahathir Mohamad 10 May 2018 - 24 February 2020
  • 28 ministers
  • 27 deputy ministers
Muhyiddin Muhyiddin Yassin 1 March 2020 - incumbent
  • 32 ministers
  • 38 deputy ministers

Current cabinet


Ministers

As of 4 February 2021, the Cabinet comprises:[7]
(14) (11) (4) (2) (1)

Portfolio Office Bearer Party Constituency Took Office Left Office
Prime Minister Tan Sri Dato' Haji Muhyiddin Haji Mohd. Yassin PN (BERSATU) Pagoh 1 March 2020 Incumbent
Senior Ministers Dato' Seri Mohamed Azmin Ali (Economics and Financial) Gombak 10 March 2020
Dato' Sri Ismail Sabri Yaakob (Defence and Security) BN (UMNO) Bera
Dato' Sri Haji Fadillah Haji Yusof (Infrastructure Development) GPS (PBB) Petra Jaya
Datuk Dr. Mohd. Radzi Md. Jidin (Education and Society) PN (BERSATU) Senator
Minister in the Prime Minister's Department Dato' Sri Mustapa Mohamed (Economy) Jeli
Datuk Seri Mohd. Redzuan Md. Yusof (Special Functions) Alor Gajah
Datuk Seri Haji Takiyuddin Hassan (Parliament and Law) PN (PAS) Kota Bharu
Dato' Seri Dr. Zulkifli Mohamad Al-Bakri (Religious Affairs) Independent Senator
Datuk Seri Panglima Dr. Maximus Johnity Ongkili (Sabah and Sarawak Affairs) PBS Kota Marudu
Minister of Finance Datuk Seri Tengku Zafrul Tengku Abdul Aziz Independent Senator
Minister of Defence Dato' Sri Ismail Sabri Yaakob BN (UMNO) Bera
Minister of Home Affairs Dato' Seri Hamzah Zainudin PN (BERSATU) Larut
Minister of International Trade and Industry Dato' Seri Mohamed Azmin Ali Gombak
Minister of Education Datuk Dr. Mohd. Radzi Md. Jidin Senator
Minister of Environment and Water Ustaz Dato' Sri Tuan Ibrahim Tuan Man PN (PAS) Kubang Kerian
Minister of Federal Territories Tan Sri Datuk Seri Panglima Haji Annuar Haji Musa BN (UMNO) Ketereh
Minister of Transport Datuk Seri Ir. Dr. Wee Ka Siong BN (MCA) Ayer Hitam
Minister of Agriculture and Food Industries Datuk Seri Dr. Ronald Kiandee PN (BERSATU) Beluran
Minister of Health Datuk Sri Dr. Adham Baba BN (UMNO) Tenggara
Minister of Tourism, Arts and Culture Dato' Sri Hajah Nancy Shukri GPS (PBB) Batang Sadong
Minister of Housing and Local Government Datuk Hajah Zuraida Kamaruddin PN (BERSATU) Ampang
Minister of Foreign Affairs Dato' Sri Hishamuddin Tun Hussein BN (UMNO) Sembrong
Minister of Higher Education Datuk Seri Dr. Noraini Ahmad Parit Sulong
Minister of Human Resources Datuk Seri Saravanan Murugan BN (MIC) Tapah
Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs Dato' Sri Alexander Nanta Linggi GPS (PBB) Kapit
Minister of Entrepreneurship Development and Cooperative Dato' Sri Dr. Haji Wan Junaidi Tuanku Jaafar Santubong
Minister of Rural Development Datuk Dr. Haji Abdul Latiff Haji Ahmad PN (BERSATU) Mersing
Minister of Works Dato' Sri Haji Fadillah Haji Yusof GPS (PBB) Petra Jaya
Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation Khairy Jamaluddin BN (UMNO) Rembau
Coordinating Minister of the National COVID-19 Immunization Program[8] 4 February 2021
Minister of Energy and Natural Resources Datuk Seri Dr. Shamsul Anuar Haji Nasarah Lenggong 10 March 2020
Minister of Plantation Industries and Commodities Ustaz Dato' Dr. Mohd. Khairuddin Aman Razali PN (PAS) Kuala Nerus
Minister of Women, Family and Community Development Datuk Seri Rina Mohd. Harun PN (BERSATU) Titiwangsa
Minister of National Unity Datuk Wira Halimah Mohamed Sadique BN (UMNO) Kota Tinggi
Minister of Youth and Sports Dato' Sri Reezal Merican Naina Merican Kepala Batas
Minister of Communication and Multimedia Dato' Saifuddin Abdullah PN (BERSATU) Indera Mahkota

Deputy Ministers

As of 16 April 2021, the Deputy Ministers are:[7]
(20) (13) (4)

Portfolio Office Bearer Party Constituency Took Office Left Office
Deputy Minister in the Prime Minister's Department Datuk Arthur Joseph Kurup
(Economy)
BN (PBRS) Pensiangan 10 March 2020 Incumbent
Datuk Mastura Tan Sri Mohd. Yazid
(Special Functions)
BN (UMNO) Kuala Kangsar
Dato' Eddin Syazlee Shith
(Parliament and Law)
PN (BERSATU) Kuala Pilah 6 July 2020
Datuk Shabudin Yahaya
(Parliament and Law)
Tasek Gelugor 6 July 2020 Incumbent
Ustaz Datuk Haji Ahmad Marzuk Shaary
(Religious Affairs)
PN (PAS) Pengkalan Chepa 10 March 2020
Dato' Hajjah Hanifah Hajar Taib
(Sabah and Sarawak Affairs)
GPS (PBB) Mukah
Deputy Minister of Finance Datuk Abdul Rahim Bakri PN (BERSATU) Kudat
Mohd. Shahar Abdullah BN (UMNO) Paya Besar
Deputy Minister of Defence Dato' Sri Ikmal Hisham Abdul Aziz PN (BERSATU) Tanah Merah
Deputy Minister of Home Affairs Jonathan Yasin Ranau
Dato' Sri Dr. Haji Ismail Haji Mohamed Said BN (UMNO) Kuala Krau
Deputy Minister of International Trade and Industry Datuk Lim Ban Hong BN (MCA) Senator
Deputy Minister of Education Muslimin Yahaya PN (BERSATU) Sungai Besar
Dato' Dr. Mah Hang Soon BN (MCA) Senator
Deputy Minister of Environment and Water Dato' Dr. Ahmad Masrizal Muhammad BN (UMNO)
Deputy Minister of Federal Territories Dato' Sri Dr. Edmund Santhara Kumar Ramanaidu PN (BERSATU) Segamat
Deputy Minister of Transport Datuk Haji Hasbi Haji Habibollah GPS (PBB) Limbang 10 March 2020
Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Food Industries Datuk Seri Haji Ahmad Hamzah BN (UMNO) Jasin
Dato' Haji Che Abdullah Mat Nawi PN (PAS) Tumpat
Deputy Minister of Health Dato' Dr. Haji Noor Azmi Ghazali PN (BERSATU) Bagan Serai
Datuk Aaron Ago Dagang GPS (PRS) Kanowit
Deputy Minister of Tourism, Arts and Culture Datuk Seri Panglima Dr. Jeffrey Gapari Kitingan PN (STAR) Keningau 29 September 2020
Datuk Guan Dee Koh Hoi Senator 16 April 2021 Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Housing and Local Government Dato' Sri Dr. Haji Ismail Haji Abd. Muttalib BN (UMNO) Maran 10 March 2020
Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Dato' Haji Kamarudin Jaffar PN (BERSATU) Bandar Tun Razak
Deputy Minister of Higher Education Dato' Dr. Mansor Othman Nibong Tebal
Deputy Minister of Human Resources Datuk Haji Awang Hashim PN (PAS) Pendang
Deputy Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs Dato' Haji Rosol Wahid PN (BERSATU) Hulu Terengganu
Deputy Minister of Entrepreneurship Development and Cooperatives Datuk Wira Hajjah Mas Ermieyati Haji Samsudin Masjid Tanah
Deputy Minister of Rural Development Dato' Sri Abdul Rahman Mohamad BN (UMNO) Lipis
Dato Henry Sum Agong GPS (PBB) Lawas
Deputy Minister of Works Datuk Dr. Shahruddin Md. Salleh PN (BERSATU) Sri Gading 4 June 2020[9]
Dato' Eddin Syazlee Shith Kuala Pilah 6 July 2020 Incumbent
Deputy Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation Datuk Haji Ahmad Amzad Hashim PN (PAS) Kuala Terengganu 10 March 2020
Deputy Minister of Energy and Natural Resources Datuk Ali Anak Biju PN (BERSATU) Saratok
Deputy Minister of Plantation Industries and Commodities Datuk Willie Anak Mongin Puncak Borneo
Dato' Sri Dr. Wee Jeck Seng BN (MCA) Tanjung Piai
Deputy Minister of Women, Family and Community Development Dato' Hajjah Siti Zailah Mohd. Yusoff PN (PAS) Rantau Panjang
Deputy Minister of National Unity Dato' Sri Ti Lian Ker BN (MCA) Senator 5 May 2020[10][11]
Deputy Minister of Youth and Sports Wan Ahmad Fayhsal Wan Ahmad Kamal PN (BERSATU) 10 March 2020
Deputy Minister of Communication and Multimedia Datuk Zahidi Zainul Abidin BN (UMNO) Padang Besar


Inactive portfolio

Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industry

Ministry of Communications and Multimedia

Ministry of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs

Ministry of Entrepreneur Development and Co-operatives

Ministry of Environment and Water

Ministry of Territories

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Ministry of Finance

Ministry of Home Affairs

Ministry of Human Resources

Ministry of International Trade and Industry

Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources

Ministry of Plantation Industries and Commodities

Ministry of Rural and Regional Development

Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation

Ministry of Tourism, Arts and Culture

Ministry of Housing and Local Government

Ministry of Women, Family and Community Development

Ministry of Works

Ministry of Youth and Sports

Ministry of Health

Minister in the Prime Minister's Department

Others

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ Hj. Mohd Jali, Nazaruddin, Redzuan, Ma'arof, Abu Samah, Asnarulkhadi & Hj. Mohd Rashid, Ismail (2003). Malaysian Studies: Nationhood and Citizenship, p. 73. Pearson Malaysia. ISBN 983-2473-91-8.
  2. ^ Funston, John (2001). "Malaysia: Developmental State Challenged". In John Funston (Ed.), Government and Politics in Southeast Asia, pp. 173–175. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.
  3. ^ "Cabinet now to meet Fridays for ministers to attend parliament". The Malaysian Insider. 9 April 2008. Archived from the original on 13 April 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  4. ^ Wu, Min Aun & Hickling, R. H. (2003). Hickling's Malaysian Public Law, pp. 84–85. Petaling Jaya: Pearson Malaysia. ISBN 983-74-2518-0.
  5. ^ a b Wu & Hickling, p. 86.
  6. ^ Jeong Chun Hai @ Ibrahim, & Nor Fadzlina Nawi. (2012). Principles of Public Administration: Malaysian Perspectives. Kuala Lumpur: Pearson Publishers. ISBN 978-967-349-233-6
  7. ^ a b "Senarai penuh Kabinet". BH Online (in Malay). 9 March 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  8. ^ "KJ gets a new portfolio: Immunisation minister". Malaysiakini. 4 February 2021. Retrieved 2021.
  9. ^ Patho Rohman, Mohd Anwar (4 June 2020). "Shahruddin letak jawatan Timbalan Menteri Kerja Raya". BH Online (in Malay). Retrieved 2020.
  10. ^ The post of Deputy Minister of National Unity was supposed to be filled by Bintulu MP, Datuk Seri Tiong King Sing (GPS-PDP) He then declined as "it was not befitting of his stature as a party chief and a five-term MP".
  11. ^ "Govt accepts Tiong's decision to decline deputy minister's post | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 2020.

External links


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