Campeni
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Campeni
Câmpeni
Coat of arms of Câmpeni
Coat of arms
Location in Alba County
Location in Alba County
Câmpeni is located in Romania
Câmpeni
Câmpeni
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 46°21?45?N 23°2?44?E / 46.36250°N 23.04556°E / 46.36250; 23.04556Coordinates: 46°21?45?N 23°2?44?E / 46.36250°N 23.04556°E / 46.36250; 23.04556
Country Romania
CountyAlba
Government
 o Mayor (2020–2024) Cristian-Dan Pa?ca[1] (PNL)
Area
86.77 km2 (33.50 sq mi)
Population
(2011)[2]
7,221
 o Density83/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Vehicle reg.AB

Câmpeni (German: Topesdorf; Hungarian: Topánfalva) is a town in Alba County, Transylvania, Romania. As of July 2002 the town had a population of 8,080 inhabitants. The town administers 21 villages: Bonce?ti, Borle?ti, Bote?ti (Botesbánya), Certege (Csertés), Coasta Vâscului, D?ndu?, Dealu Bistrii, Dealu Capsei, Dric, Fa?a Abrudului, Flore?ti, Furduie?ti, Mihoe?ti, Motorti, Peste Valea Bistrii, Poduri, Sorli?a, Tomu?e?ti, Valea Bistrii, Valea Caselor and Vâr?i (Virs).

History

The town has historical significance as the capital of the "?ara Mo?ilor" region. It is believed to be the site where the Revolt of Horea, Clo?ca and Cri?an (1784-1785) started. Horea was born near Câmpeni in the village that used to be called Arada (since renamed to Horea). His cellar is a tourist attraction in the town.

During the Transylvanian revolution of 1848, Câmpeni was the political and military stronghold of Avram Iancu, a revolutionary leader of the Transylvanian Romanians' national movement. The Avram Iancu Museum is located in the town.

Climate

Câmpeni has a warm-summer humid continental climate (Dfb in the Köppen climate classification).

Climate data for Câmpeni
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0.3
(32.5)
2.1
(35.8)
6.5
(43.7)
12.9
(55.2)
17.3
(63.1)
20.5
(68.9)
22.2
(72.0)
22.5
(72.5)
17.7
(63.9)
12.6
(54.7)
7.5
(45.5)
1.6
(34.9)
12.0
(53.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) -3
(27)
-1.5
(29.3)
2.5
(36.5)
8.6
(47.5)
13.3
(55.9)
16.6
(61.9)
18.3
(64.9)
18.6
(65.5)
13.8
(56.8)
8.8
(47.8)
4.1
(39.4)
-1.4
(29.5)
8.2
(46.8)
Average low °C (°F) -6
(21)
-4.9
(23.2)
-1.3
(29.7)
4.2
(39.6)
8.9
(48.0)
12.3
(54.1)
14.1
(57.4)
14.7
(58.5)
10.2
(50.4)
5.5
(41.9)
1.4
(34.5)
-4
(25)
4.6
(40.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 56
(2.2)
53
(2.1)
71
(2.8)
97
(3.8)
131
(5.2)
149
(5.9)
149
(5.9)
108
(4.3)
84
(3.3)
62
(2.4)
60
(2.4)
66
(2.6)
1,086
(42.9)
Source: https://en.climate-data.org/europe/romania/alba/campeni-44397/

Economy

The town is a regional center for lumber exploitation and the furniture industry. Even though the town is located in a mining region the mining industry is not part of its industrial heritage. Câmpeni is growing in popularity as a tourist center.

Demographics

According to the census from 2011 there was a total population of 6,942 people living in this commune. Of this population, 96.52% are ethnic Romanians, 3.35% ethnic Romani and 0.08% are ethnic Hungarians.[3]

Natives

  • Valeriu Moldovan (1875-1954), lawyer and politician
  • Rubin Pati?ia (1841-1918), lawyer and political activist
  • Iosif Trifa (1888-1938), Romanian Orthodox priest and evangelist
  • Valerian Trifa (1914-1987), archbishop of the Romanian Orthodox Church in America and Canada, former fascist political activist

References

  1. ^ "Results of the 2020 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 2021.
  2. ^ "Popula?ia stabil? pe jude?e, municipii, ora?e ?i localit?ti componenete la RPL_2011" (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 2014.
  3. ^ http://www.edrc.ro/recensamant.jsp?regiune_id=2568&judet_id=2569&localitate_id=2576

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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