|o Total||3.76 sq mi (9.75 km2)|
|o Land||3.63 sq mi (9.42 km2)|
|o Water||0.13 sq mi (0.33 km2)|
|Elevation||377 ft (115 m)|
| o Estimate |
|o Density||1,787.07/sq mi (689.95/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|GNIS feature ID||0976078|
Canton is a village in St. Lawrence County, New York, United States. The village is centrally located in both the town of Canton and the county of St. Lawrence. The population was 6,314 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of St. Lawrence County. The name comes from the Chinese city of Canton (now Guangzhou).
The village of Canton provides many municipal services such as a fully functional village highway department, water and sewer department, volunteer fire department, court system and a police department along with other municipal agencies.
The first attempt at settlement was made in 1800, but the first permanent settlement occurred in 1801. The first post office used the name "New Cairo," but changed to Canton by 1807. The early economy was based on farming and lumbering.
The village was incorporated in 1845. Between 1887 and 1889, the village was modernized with a sewage system, water works, and electrical lighting.
In addition to Herring-Cole Hall Richardson Hall, and the Old Campus Historic District of St. Lawrence University, the Village Park Historic District and United States Post Office are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The Village of Canton is home to two colleges. SUNY Canton is a two-/four-year college located in the western part of the village. Its entrance is accessible via NY RT 68 (West Main Street). SUNY Canton is also home to the David Sullivan/St. Lawrence County Law Enforcement Academy that provides police training to local, county, state and federal agencies as well as new police officers in its 5-month police academy every spring.
St. Lawrence University, a four-year liberal arts college located in the eastern part of the village, is home to several sports, including its famous NCAA Division I hockey team and several notable alumni. Access to the college is via US RT 11 (East Main Street).
Canton Central School District is centered in the village of Canton at Hugh Williams Senior High School, home of the Golden Bears.
The village's police department is located in the municipal building on Main Street. It is composed of a Chief of Police, three sergeants and five patrolmen. The department has one full-time and two part-time dispatchers. The department is manned 24 hours a day/7 days a week.
The Canton Fire Department, which is at its new location at 77 Riverside Drive, is an all-volunteer fire department with one chief, three assistant chiefs and nearly 80 members. The department also operates a Paramedic Ambulance service and serves the people of the village and town of Canton as well as providing mutual aid services to surrounding towns. In 2008 the fire department answered over 1500 fire and EMS calls.
Canton is located at (44.5976, -75.17118).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 3.3 square miles (8.7 km2), of which 3.2 square miles (8.4 km2) is land and 0.1 square mile (0.3 km2) (2.99%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,882 people, 1,531 households, and 797 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,817.9 people per square mile (700.9/km2). There were 1,680 housing units at an average density of 519.2 per square mile (200.2/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 91.81% White, 4.49% Black or African American, 0.54% Native American, 0.99% Asian, 1.02% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.92% of the population.
There were 1,531 households, out of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.9% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.9% were non-families. 38.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the village, the population was spread out, with 12.3% under the age of 18, 45.8% from 18 to 24, 16.7% from 25 to 44, 13.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.2 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $38,627, and the median income for a family was $59,211. Males had a median income of $38,818 versus $28,750 for females. The per capita income for the village was $14,745. About 8.5% of families and 15.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.6% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.