Car Nicobar
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Car Nicobar
Car Nicobar
Car Nicobar NASA Geocover 2000.jpg
Car Nicobar NASA Geocover 2000 image
Car Nicobar is located in Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Car Nicobar
Car Nicobar
Location in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and in the Bay of Bengal
Car Nicobar is located in Bay of Bengal
Car Nicobar
Car Nicobar
Car Nicobar (Bay of Bengal)
Geography
LocationBay of Bengal
Coordinates9°10?N 92°47?E / 9.17°N 92.78°E / 9.17; 92.78Coordinates: 9°10?N 92°47?E / 9.17°N 92.78°E / 9.17; 92.78
ArchipelagoNicobar Islands
Adjacent bodies of waterIndian Ocean
Total islands1
Major islands
  • Car Nicobar
Area126.9 km2 (49.0 sq mi)[1]
Length15 km (9.3 mi)
Width12 km (7.5 mi)
Coastline51 km (31.7 mi)
Highest elevation10 m (30 ft)
Administration
DistrictNicobar
Island groupNicobar Islands
Subdivisions of IndiaCar Nicobar Subdivision
TalukCar Nicobar Taluk
Largest settlementMalacca (pop. 1,637)
Demographics
Population17841 (2014)
Pop. density140.5/km2 (363.9/sq mi)
Ethnic groupsHindu, Nicobarese
Additional information
Time zone
PIN744301
Telephone code03192
ISO codeIN-AN-00[2]
Official websitewww.and.nic.in
Literacy84.4%
Avg. summer temperature30.2 °C (86.4 °F)
Avg. winter temperature23.0 °C (73.4 °F)
Sex ratio1.2?/?
Census Code35.638.0001
Official LanguagesHindi, English, Tamil
Car (regional)

Car Nicobar (P? in Car language) is the northernmost of the Nicobar Islands. It is also one of three local administrative divisions of the Indian district of Nicobar, part of the Indian union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.[3]

History

The sea farers of the region referred to the island as the "northern land of the nake" i.e. Car Nakkavar which is perhaps the direct predecessor of the current name Car Nicobar. The island was severely affected by the tsunami that was caused by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, which led to many deaths and damaged infrastructure.

2004 tsunami devastation

Car Nicobar lies 750 km (470 mi) from the epicenter of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, and the ensuing tsunamis struck it with great force. Witnesses reported the waves were as high as 30 ft (9 m). As of December 30, 2004, the number of casualties remained unknown, but were estimated to be high. One survivor told the Associated Press: "There's not a single hut which is standing. Everything is gone. Most of the people have gone away from the shore and Indian govt has made many relief programmes here such as temporary shelters, subsidize their every primary needs etc."

Geography

Car Nicobar falls in between Little Andaman and Nancowry. The area south to the Ten-degree channel comes under Car Nicobar headquarters. Car Nicobar is remarkably flat except for some cliffs in the north and small hilly areas in the interior. It is bordered by a silvery beach and areas of flat ground consisting of coraline diluvium.[4] It is a flat fertile island covered with clusters of coconut palms and enchanting beaches with a roaring sea all around.

Compared to the Middle Andaman and South Andaman, Car Nicobar is a small island, having only 126.9 km2 (49.0 sq mi).

The soil analysis revealed a high content of sand & clay hindering the growth of agricultural crops. The area of Car Nicobar is suitable for the plantation crops, and coconut and areca nut are the major products, which are grown in the area.

Climate

The climate of Car Nicobar Island is tropical, as it is just 9 degree from the equator, with an annual rainfall of 400 mm. The data of past ten years shows that the mean relative humidity in the Island is 79%, the mean maximum temperature is of 30.20 C, and mean minimum temperature is 23.00 C.

Climate data for Car Nicobar (1981-2010, extremes 1952-2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.4
(93.9)
35.0
(95.0)
36.0
(96.8)
37.0
(98.6)
38.0
(100.4)
33.8
(92.8)
37.0
(98.6)
33.2
(91.8)
33.4
(92.1)
34.8
(94.6)
37.0
(98.6)
35.6
(96.1)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F) 31.2
(88.2)
31.7
(89.1)
32.4
(90.3)
32.9
(91.2)
31.7
(89.1)
31.1
(88.0)
30.9
(87.6)
30.8
(87.4)
30.5
(86.9)
30.6
(87.1)
30.8
(87.4)
30.8
(87.4)
31.3
(88.3)
Average low °C (°F) 24.1
(75.4)
23.3
(73.9)
22.9
(73.2)
23.4
(74.1)
23.9
(75.0)
24.6
(76.3)
24.4
(75.9)
24.3
(75.7)
23.5
(74.3)
23.4
(74.1)
24.0
(75.2)
23.8
(74.8)
23.8
(74.8)
Record low °C (°F) 11.0
(51.8)
12.0
(53.6)
10.9
(51.6)
15.4
(59.7)
16.4
(61.5)
15.6
(60.1)
15.6
(60.1)
16.0
(60.8)
15.6
(60.1)
15.0
(59.0)
15.3
(59.5)
11.9
(53.4)
11.0
(51.8)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 39.5
(1.56)
35.9
(1.41)
59.2
(2.33)
116.1
(4.57)
387.9
(15.27)
265.4
(10.45)
279.6
(11.01)
279.5
(11.00)
373.0
(14.69)
293.4
(11.55)
306.1
(12.05)
164.6
(6.48)
2,600.2
(102.37)
Average rainy days 2.5 1.9 2.9 5.2 15.5 12.9 12.8 12.5 14.2 14.3 12.9 6.6 114.2
Average relative humidity (%) 79 76 76 77 84 85 85 85 87 88 86 80 82
Source: India Meteorological Department[5][6]

Administration

Car Nicobar, along with neighboring Battimalv Island, is a tehsil. There are two more Tehsils of Nancowry and Campbell Bay to administer all the other islands of the district. The administrative capital is near the Indian Air Force station Car Nicobar Air Force Base, known as 'Headquarters' which is the largest junction in this small island with some shops, a hospital, a bank, a post office, Office of Superintendent of Police, Office of Deputy Commissioner and some other government offices. The official pin code of Car Nicobar is 744301.[7]

Although the area of Car Nicobar is less than 7% of the area of the Nicobar group, in the census of 2011 its population of[8] 17841 was 48% of the total population of Nicobar.

Flora and fauna

The Car Nicobar islands do not have any evergreen forests, which dominate the central and southern islands of the Nicobars.[9] Most of the island is covered with coconut plantation and natural flora is present only in the interior areas.

Important Bird Area

The island has been designated an Important Bird Area (IBA) by BirdLife International because it supports populations of various restricted-range or threatened bird species. These include Nicobar sparrowhawks, Nicobar serpent-eagles, Andaman wood pigeons, Andaman cuckoo-doves, Andaman hawk-owls, white-headed starlings and Nicobar green imperial pigeons.[10]

Transport

Car Nicobar the district headquarters is 260 km (162 mi) from Port Blair. Ship service is available between Port Blair and Nicobar district. Normally ship is available twice in a week. One can obtain the ship ticket from the office of the Director, Shipping services (03192-245555) at Port Blair.[11]

Andaman and Nicobar Islands Administration in cooperation with Indian Air Force operate charter services between Port Blair's Veer Savarkar International Airport, Campbell Bay and Car Nicobar Air Force Base. There is also regular service of Pawan Hans helicopter available between Car Nicobar and Port Blair and other islands of the Nicobar district.

Demographics

Landscape of Sawai village in 1884
Landscape of Sawai village in 1884

There are 21 villages, the largest of which is named U-rèk-ka (called "Malacca-Perka" for tourists), with a population of 4,200.

The villages are:

The names in brackets are often used for tourists and other outsiders, as the local names in Nicobarese are difficult for outsiders to pronounce.

Each village has a tuhet meaning "elderly heads", the number of which varies. From each of these elders three are elected as 1st, 2nd, and 3rd captain to look after the day-to-day affairs of the village.

According to the 2011 census of India, Car Nicobar Island has 4250 households. The effective literacy rate (i.e. the literacy rate of population excluding children aged 6 and below) is 100%.[12]

Demographics (2011 Census)[12]
Total Male Female
Population 17841 9735 8106
Children aged below 6 years 1929 982 947
Scheduled caste 0 0 0
Scheduled tribe 15027 7659 7368
Literates 12627 7436 5191
Workers (all) 8844 5964 2880
Main workers (total) 3664 2916 748

Administration

The island belongs to the township of Car Nicobar of Car Nicobar Taluk.[13] of Nicobar District. District Administration is headed by Deputy Commissioner (Nicobar) while the Sub Division Car Nicobar is headed by an assistant commissioner.

Image gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Islandwise Area and Population - 2011 Census" (PDF). Government of Andaman. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-08-28. Retrieved .
  2. ^ Registration Plate Numbers added to ISO Code
  3. ^ "Village Code Directory: Andaman & Nicobar Islands" (PDF). Census of India. Retrieved 2011.
  4. ^ "Nicobar Geographical Features". 2013-05-26. Archived from the original on 2016-02-07. Retrieved .
  5. ^ "Station: Car-Nicobar Climatological Table 1981-2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981-2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 171-172. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  6. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  7. ^ "A&N Islands - Pincodes". 2013-05-26. Archived from the original on 2014-03-23. Retrieved .
  8. ^ "Census of India".
  9. ^ "A&N Islands - Flora & Fauna". 2013-05-26. Archived from the original on 2016-03-17. Retrieved .
  10. ^ "Car Nicobar". BirdLife Data Zone. BirdLife International. 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  11. ^ "Nicobar Islands - How to reach". 2013-05-26. Archived from the original on 2012-02-13. Retrieved .
  12. ^ a b "District Census Handbook - Andaman & Nicobar Islands" (PDF). 2011 Census of India. Directorate of Census Operations, Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-08-01. Retrieved .
  13. ^ "Tehsils" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-08-28. Retrieved .

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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