Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic
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Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic

Chamber of Deputies
of the Parliament of the Czech Republic
8th Legislature
Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic Logo.svg
Type
Type
History
Founded1 January 1993
New session started
20 November 2017
Leadership
Radek Vondrá?ek, ANO
since 22 November 2017
Deputy Presidents
List
Structure
Seats200
Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Republic by political spectrum in December 2020.svg
Political groups
Government (92)
  •   ANO (78)
  •   ?SSD (14)

Opposition (108)

Length of term
4 years
Elections
Party-list proportional representation
D'Hondt method
Last election
20-21 October 2017
Next election
8-9 October 2021
Meeting place
Zasedací sál Poslanecké sn?movny.jpg
Thun Palace in Malá Strana, Prague
Rules
Rules of Procedure of the Chamber of Deputies (English)

The Chamber of Deputies, officially the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic (Czech: Poslanecká sn?movna Parlamentu ?eské republiky), is the lower house of the Parliament of the Czech Republic. The chamber has 200 seats and deputies are elected for four-year terms using the party-list proportional representation system with the D'Hondt method. Since 2002, there are 14constituencies, matching the Czech regions. A Cabinet is answerable to the Chamber of Deputies and the Prime Minister stays in office only as long as they retain the support of a majority of its members. The quorum is set by law to one third (67) of elected deputies. Any changes to the constitutional laws must be approved by at least 60 percent of the Chamber of Deputies. The seat of the Chamber of Deputies is the Thun Palace in Malá Strana, Prague.

Electability and mandate

Every citizen of the Czech Republic who has the right to vote and is over 21 years old is eligible to be elected. The Deputy may not hold the office of Senator, President of the Czech Republic or judge, which also applies to certain positions specified by law. The office of the Deputy expires once:

  • a Deputy-elect refuses to take the oath or takes it with reservation
  • a Deputy's tenure expires
  • a Deputy resigns from the office
  • a Deputy loses eligibility to be elected
  • a Deputy takes up an office incompatible with serving as a Deputy.[1]
  • the Chamber of Deputies is dissolved

Dissolution

After a dissolution of the Chamber of Deputies, new elections must be held within 60 days, and the Chamber cannot be dissolved within three months of regular elections. The Chamber of Deputies can only be dissolved by the president under conditions specified by the constitution. The Chamber of Deputies is most commonly dissolved following two votes of no confidence in the cabinet. During a dissolution of the Chamber of Deputies, the Senate has the authority to take necessary legal measures in its place.

Seat of the Chamber of Deputies

The Chamber of Deputies resides in three building complexes in Malá Strana, Prague. The main building with the plenary chamber is the Thun Palace, built at the end of the 17th century. It was rebuilt at the start of the 19th century to house the Bohemian Diet. The current plenary chamber was built in 1861 for the reinstated Bohemian Diet after it was dissolved by the Austrian-Hungarian Emperor Franz Joseph I in 1849. The second building was the seat of the Governors of the Kingdom of Bohemia appointed by the emperor, located on Malá Strana Square. The last building complex includes the Smi?ický Palace and ?ternberk Palace at the opposite side of the square.

Past Chamber of Deputies election results

20-21 October 2017 200 seats Babi? II
Babi? I
ANO
(government)
ODS Piráti SPD KS?M ?SSD
(coalition)
KDU-?SL TOP 09 STAN
29.64%
Increase31 (+10.98%)
11.32%
Increase9 (+3.59%)
10.79%
(new)
10.64%
(new)
7.76%
Decrease18 (-7.15%)
7.27%
Decrease35 (-13.09%)
5.80%
Decrease4 (-0.98%)
5.31%
Decrease19 (-6.69%)
5.18%
(new)
25-26 October 2013 200 seats Sobotka ?SSD
(government)
ANO
(coalition)
KS?M TOP 09 ODS Úsvit KDU-?SL
(coalition)
 
20.46%
Decrease6 (-1.62%)
18.66%
(new)
14.91%
Increase7 (+3.64%)
12.00%
Decrease15 (-4.70%)
7.73%
Decrease37 (-12.50%)
6.89%
(new)
6.78%
(returning)
28-29 May 2010 200 seats Ne?as
Rusnok
?SSD ODS
(government)
TOP 09
(coalition)
KS?M VV
(coalition)
 
22.08%
Decrease18 (-10.24%)
20.22%
Decrease28 (-15.16%)
16.70%
(new)
11.27%
Steady0 (-1.54%)
10.88%
(new)
2-3 June 2006 200 seats Topolánek I
Topolánek II
Fischer
ODS
(government)
?SSD KS?M KDU-?SL
(coalition)
SZ
(coalition)
 
35.38%
Increase23 (+10.91%)
32.32%
Increase4 (+2.12%)
12.81%
Decrease15 (-5.7%)
7.23%
Decrease9 (-7.04%)
6.29%
(new)
14-15 June 2002 200 seats ?pidla
Gross
Paroubek
?SSD
(government)
ODS KS?M KDU-?SL
US-DEU
(coalition)
 
30.20%
Decrease4 (-2.11%)
24.47%
Decrease5 (-3.27%)
18.51%
Increase17 (+7.48%)
14.27%
Increase11 (+5.28%)
19-20 June 1998 200 seats Zeman ?SSD
(government)
ODS (Given support) KS?M KDU-?SL US-DEU  
32.31%
Increase13 (+5.87%)
27.74%
Decrease5 (-1.88%)
11.03%
Increase2 (+0.7%)
8.99%
Increase2 (+0.91%)
8.60%
(new)
31 May
and
1 June 1996
200 seats Klaus II
To?ovský
ODS
(government)
?SSD KS?M KDU-?SL
(coalition)
SPR-RS? ODA
(coalition)
 
29.62%
Decrease8 (-0.11%)
26.44%
Increase45 (+19.91%)
10.33%
Decrease13 (-3.72%)
8.08%
Increase3 (1.8%)
8.01%
Increase4 (+2.03%)
6.36%
Decrease1 (+0.43%)

As part of the democratic Czechoslovakia

During this time the Chamber of Deputies was called the National Council.

5-6 June 1992 200 seats Klaus I ODS-KDS
(government)
KS?M ?SSD LSU KDU-?SL
(coalition)
SPR-RS? ODA
(coalition)
HSD-SMS
29.73%
(new)
14.05%
Increase2 (+0.81%)
6.53%
(new)
6.52%
(new)
6.28%
Decrease5 (-2.14%)
5.98%
(new)
5.93%
(new)
5.87%
Decrease9
8-9 June 1990 200 seats Pithart OF
(government)
KS? HSD-SMS
(coalition)
KDU
(coalition)
 
49.50%
13.24%
10.03%
8.42%

See also

References

  1. ^ "Constitution of the Czech Republic". Office of the President of the Republic. Retrieved 2010.

Further reading

  • Kolá?, Petr, and Petr Valenta. The Parliament of the Czech Republic - the Chamber of Deputies. Prague : Published for the Office of the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic by Ivan Král, 2009. ISBN 978-80-87324-01-1

External links

Coordinates: 50°05?21?N 14°24?14?E / 50.08917°N 14.40389°E / 50.08917; 14.40389


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