Chandrabindu
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Chandrabindu
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Chandrabindu

Chandrabindu (meaning "moon-dot" in Sanskrit, alternatively spelled candrabindu, chandravindu, candravindu, or chôndrobindu) is a diacritic sign with the form of a dot inside the lower half of a circle. It is used in the Devanagari (?), Bengali (?), Gujarati (?), Oriya (?), Telugu (?), Javanese ( ?) and other scripts.

It usually means that the previous vowel is nasalized.

In Hindi, it is replaced in writing by anusvara when it is written above a consonant that carries a vowel symbol that extends above the top line.

In Classical Sanskrit, it means by pronouncing by our nose seems to occur only over a lla conjunct consonant, to show that it is pronounced as a nasalized double l, which occurs if -nl- have become assimilated in sandhi.

In Vedic Sanskrit, it is used instead of anusvara to represent the sound anunaasika when the next word starts with a vowel. It usually occurs where in earlier times a word ended in -ans.

Unicode encodes chandrabindu and chandrabindu-like characters for a variety of scripts:[1]

  • BALINESE SIGN ULU CANDRA
  • BALINESE SIGN ULU RICEM
  • BENGALI SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • 𑰼 BHAIKSUKI SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • 𑀀 BRAHMI SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • DEVANAGARI SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • DEVANAGARI SIGN SPACING CANDRABINDU
  • DEVANAGARI SIGN CANDRABINDU VIRAMA
  • DEVANAGARI SIGN INVERTED CANDRABINDU
  • 𑤼 DIVES AKURU SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • 𑌁 GRANTHA SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • GUJARATI SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • GURMUKHI SIGN ADAK BINDI
  • GURMUKHI TIPPI
  • JAVANESE SIGN PANYANGGA
  • 𑂀 KAITHI SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • KANNADA SIGN SPACING CANDRABINDU
  • KANNADA SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • LEPCHA CONSONANT SIGN NYIN-DO
  • LEPCHA CONSONANT SIGN KANG
  • MALAYALAM SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • 𑲶 MARCHEN SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • 𑑃 NEWA SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • ORIYA SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • PHAGS-PA LETTER CANDRABINDU
  • SAURASHTRA SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • 𑇏 SHARADA SIGN INVERTED CANDRABINDU
  • 𑖼 SIDDHAM SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • SINHALA SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • TELUGU SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • TELUGU SIGN COMBINING CANDRABINDU ABOVE
  •   ྂ TIBETAN SIGN NYI ZLA NAA DA
  •   ྃ TIBETAN SIGN SNA LDAN
  • 𑒿 TIRHUTA SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • 𑨵 ZANABAZAR SQUARE SIGN CANDRABINDU
  • 𑨶 ZANABAZAR SQUARE SIGN CANDRABINDU WITH ORNAMENT
  • 𑨷 ZANABAZAR SQUARE SIGN CANDRA WITH ORNAMENT

There is also a general-purpose combining diacritical mark COMBINING CANDRABINDU code point U+0310 (), but that is intended for use with Latin letters in transliteration of Indic languages.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Unicode Data 13.0.0". Retrieved .

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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