Chapter Nine Institution
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Chapter Nine Institutions refer to a group of organisations established in terms of Chapter 9 of the South African Constitution to guard democracy. The institutions are:

Though chapter nine calls for a broadcast regulator it does not specifically mandate the Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA).[2] Interpretations vary on whether ICASA is a Chapter 9 institution or not.

Parliamentary review

In October 2006 an ad hoc parliamentary committee was established to investigate the chapter nine bodies with regard to employment procedures and institutional governance.[3] Also of concern was spending on the institutions and their lack of mandate to operate outside of the country.[4] The committee recommended the establishment of a directorate, under the office of the Speaker, to liaise with the institutions.[5]


  1. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of South Africa: Chapter 9 - State institutions supporting constitutional democracy". South African Government Information Service. Retrieved 2008.
  2. ^ "You defy Icasa ruling at your peril, Mantashe warns SABC". News24. Archived from the original on 15 December 2019. Retrieved 2016.
  3. ^ "Committee to probe state's independent bodies". Independent Online. Retrieved 2008.
  4. ^ "Inquiry into chapter nine bodies". Business Report. Archived from the original on 15 September 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  5. ^ "First report of ad hoc committee on review of Chapter 9 and associated institutions to the speaker of national assembly". Parliament of South Africa. Retrieved 2008.[dead link]

External links

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