Charles Hanbury Williams
Get Charles Hanbury Williams essential facts below. View Videos or join the Charles Hanbury Williams discussion. Add Charles Hanbury Williams to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Charles Hanbury Williams

Sir Charles Hanbury Williams

Sir Charles Hanbury Williams by John Giles Eccardt.jpg
Sir Charles Hanbury Williams by John Giles Eccardt
Member of Parliament for Leominster

1754-1759
Serving with Richard Gorges
Sir Robert de Cornwall
James Peachey
Richard Gorges
Chase Price
Member of Parliament for Monmouthshire

1735-1747
Serving with Thomas Morgan
John Hanbury
Thomas Morgan
William Morgan
Capel Hanbury
Personal details
Born(1708-12-08)8 December 1708
Died2 November 1759(1759-11-02) (aged 50)
Spouse(s)
Lady Frances Coningsby
(m. 1732)
RelationsSir Edward Ayscough (grandfather)
ParentsJohn Hanbury
Bridget Ayscough Hanbury

Sir Charles Hanbury Williams, KB (8 December 1708 - 2 November 1759) was a Welsh diplomat, writer and satirist. He was a Member of Parliament from 1734 until his death.

Early life

Hanbury was the son of a Welsh ironmaster, John Hanbury, and his second wife, Bridget Ayscough, eldest daughter of Sir Edward Ayscough of Stallingborough and South Kelsey. With his father's marriage to Bridget came a fortune of £10,000 and connections with established political families. His mother was a close friend of Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough.

In 1720, Charles assumed the name of Williams, under the terms of a bequest from his godfather, Charles Williams of Caerleon.

Career

A letter to Sir Charles Williams, by Grand Duchess Catherine Alexeyevna

Williams entered Parliament in 1734 for the Monmouthshire constituency as a supporter of Robert Walpole and held the seat until 1747. He then won the seat of Leominster in 1754 and held it until his death.

From 1747 till 1750, Williams was the British Ambassador in Dresden. In 1748 he had the same function in Poland and witnessed a Polish Sejm, where he met members of the influential Czartoryski family (August Aleksander Czartoryski). When the future King of Poland, Stanis?aw Poniatowski, was receiving medical treatment in Berlin, Sir Charles met him when sent there as Ambassador (1750-1751). He entered into Polish and Russian history by introducing Stanis?aw to the Russian Grand Duchess Catherine Alexeyevna (Saint Petersburg 1755, the future Catherine the Great, Empress of Russia), from which a famous romance developed between them.

In 1739, Williams gave support for the establishment of the Foundling Hospital and served as one of its founding governors. Williams's father bought the Coldbrook Park estate near Abergavenny for him from his godfather's bequest. There, he added a nine-bay, two-storey Georgian façade in 1746.

Seven Years' War

Williams played a major role as a British envoy at the court in Russia during the Seven Years' War. Although Russia was at war with Britain's ally Prussia, the two countries remained at peace.

Horace Walpole praised the wit of his poetry and wrote of his "biting satire".[1]

Personal life

On 1 July 1732, he married Lady Frances Coningsby (1707/8-1781) at Saint James, Westminster, London.[2] Lady Frances was a daughter of Thomas Coningsby, 1st Earl Coningsby and Lady Frances Jones (second daughter and sole heiress of Richard Jones, 1st Earl of Ranelagh and the Hon. Frances Willoughby, a daughter and heiress of Francis Willoughby, 5th Baron Willoughby).[3] Together, they had two daughters:

Charles Hanbury Williams died insane in 1759 and the Coldbrook estate passed to his brother George.[6] His widow died on 31 December 1781 and was buried at Westminster Abbey.

Descendants

Through his eldest daughter Frances, he was grandfather to Elizabeth Capel (wife of John Monson, 3rd Baron Monson) and George Capel-Coningsby, 5th Earl of Essex, who married Sarah Bazett, and after her death, Catherine Stephens).[4]

Through his second daughter Charlotte, he was grandfather to Richard Boyle-Walsingham (1762-1788), who died unmarried, and Charlotte Boyle-Walsingham, later suo jure Baroness de Ros, who married Lord Henry FitzGerald, fourth son of James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster and Lady Emily Lennox, Duchess of Leinster.[7]

Legacy

Williams inspired the character Charles Edaston in the 1913 George Bernard Shaw play Great Catherine, which recounts the story of a British envoy to Catherine's court. It was filmed starring Peter O'Toole in 1968. Williams also left poems said to be "witty but licentious".[8]

Sources

  1. ^ Stewart, Mary Margaret. "Williams, Sir Charles Hanbury". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/29488. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. ^ The Register of Marriages in the Parish of St James within the Liberty of Westminster. 1723-1754. 1 July 1732.
  3. ^ "Coningsby, Earl of (GB, 1719 - 1761)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Essex, Earl of (E, 1661)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 2020.
  5. ^ "Shannon, Earl of (I, 1756)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Archived from the original on 21 September 2018. Retrieved 2020.
  6. ^ An Historical Tour in Monmouthshire, Volume 2. p. 279.
  7. ^ "de Ros, Baron (E, 1299)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Archived from the original on 16 November 2010. Retrieved 2020.
  8. ^ Davenport, Richard Alfred (1831). A Dictionary of Biography p. 571. Chiswick Press. p. 571.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainCousin, John William (1910). A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature. London: J. M. Dent & Sons – via Wikisource.

Further reading

  • David B. Horn, Sir Charles Hanbury Williams and European diplomacy, 1747-58, London et al. 1930: Harrap

External links

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
John Hanbury
Thomas Morgan
Member of Parliament for Monmouthshire
1735-1747
With: Thomas Morgan
Succeeded by
William Morgan
Capel Hanbury
Preceded by
Sir Robert de Cornwall
James Peachey
Member of Parliament for Leominster
1754-1759
With: Richard Gorges
Succeeded by
Richard Gorges
Chase Price
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Hon. Thomas Villiers
British Ambassador to Poland
1747-1755
Succeeded by
Viscount Stormont
British Ambassador to Saxony
1747-1750
Preceded by
Henry Legge
British Ambassador to Prussia
1749-1751
Unknown
Next known title holder:
Andrew Mitchell
Preceded by
The Earl of Hyndford
British Ambassador to Russia
1752-1759
Succeeded by
Robert Murray Keith the Elder
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Duke of Chandos
Lord Lieutenant of Herefordshire
1741-1747
Succeeded by
The Viscount Bateman

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Charles_Hanbury_Williams
 



 



 
Music Scenes