Comparison of Hokkien Writing Systems
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Comparison of Hokkien Writing Systems

There are a number of different writing systems for the Hokkien group of languages, including romanizations, adaptations of Bopomofo, of katakana, and of Chinese characters.[1] Some of the most popular are compared here.

Vowels
IPA a ap at ak a? ã ? ?k ? o e ? i i?n i
Pe?h-?e-j? a ap at ak ah a? o? ok o? o o e e? i ian eng
Revised TLPA a ap at ak ah aN oo ok ooN o o e eN i ian ing
TLPA a ap at ak ah ann oo ok oonn o o e enn i ian ing
BP a ap at ak ah na oo ok noo o o e ne i ian ing
MLT a ab/ap ad/at ag/ak aq/ah va o og/ok vo ø ø e ve i ien eng
DT a ?p/ap ?t/at ?k/ak ?h/ah ann/a? o ok onn/o? or or e enn/e? i ian/en ing
Taiwanese kana
Extended bopomofo ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Tâi-lô a ap at ak ah ann oo ok onn o o e enn i ian ing
Example (traditional Chinese) ?
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Example (simplified Chinese) ?
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Vowels
IPA i?k ? ai a? au am ?m m? u ua ue uai uan ? (i)?
Pe?h-?e-j? ek i? ai ai? au am om m ong ng u oa oe oai oan i (i)u?
Revised TLPA ik iN ai aiN au am om m ong ng u ua ue uai uan ir (i)uN
TLPA ik inn ai ainn au am om m ong ng u ua ue uai uan ir (i)unn
BP ik ni ai nai au am om m ong ng u ua ue uai uan i n(i)u
MLT eg/ek vi ai vai au am om m ong ng u oa oe oai oan i v(i)u
DT ik inn/i? ai ainn/ai? au am om m ong ng u ua ue uai uan i (i)unn/u?
Taiwanese kana ? ?
Extended bopomofo ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Tâi-lô ik inn ai ainn au am om m ong ng u ua ue uai uan ir (i)unn
Example (traditional Chinese) ?
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Example (simplified Chinese) ?
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Consonants
IPA p b p? m t t? n n? l k ? k? h t?i ?i ti ?i ts dz ts? s
Pe?h-?e-j? p b ph m t th n nng l k g kh h chi ji chhi si ch j chh s
Revised TLPA p b ph m t th n nng l k g kh h zi ji ci si z j c s
TLPA p b ph m t th n nng l k g kh h zi ji ci si z j c s
BP b bb p bb d t n lng l g gg k h zi li ci si z l c s
MLT p b ph m t th n nng l k g kh h ci ji chi si z j zh s
DT b bh p m d t n nng l g gh k h zi r ci si z r c s
Taiwanese kana ?? ?
Extended bopomofo ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Tâi-lô p b ph m t th n nng l k g kh h tsi ji tshi si ts j tsh s
Example (traditional Chinese) ?
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Example (simplified Chinese) ?
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Tones
Tone name Yin level
(1)
Yin rising
(2)
Yin departing
(3)
Yin entering
(4)
Yang level
(5)
Yang rising
(6)
Yang departing
(7)
Yang entering
(8)
High rising
(9)
Neutral tone
(0)
IPA a? a a ap?
at?
ak?
a
a a? ap?
at?
ak?
a
a a?
Pe?h-?e-j? a á à ap
at
ak
ah
â ? a?p
a?t
a?k
a?h
  --a
Revised
TLPA,
TLPA
a1 a2 a3 ap4
at4
ak4
ah4
a5 a6 a7 ap8
at8
ak8
ah8
a9 a0
BP ? ? à ?p
?t
?k
?h
á â áp
át
ák
áh
   
MLT
af ar ax ab
ad
ag
aq
aa aar a ap
at
ak
ah
  ~a
DT a à â ?p
?t
?k
?h
? ? ap
at
ak
ah
á å
Taiwanese kana
(normal vowels)
Taiwanese kana normal tone 2.png Taiwanese kana normal tone 3.png Taiwanese kana normal tone 4.png
Taiwanese kana normal tone 4.png
Taiwanese kana normal tone 4.png
Taiwanese kana normal tone 4.png
Taiwanese kana normal tone 5.png Taiwanese kana normal tone 7.png Taiwanese kana normal tone 8.png
Taiwanese kana normal tone 8.png
Taiwanese kana normal tone 8.png
Taiwanese kana normal tone 8.png
   
Taiwanese kana
(nasal vowels)
Taiwanese kana nasal tone 1.png Taiwanese kana nasal tone 2.png Taiwanese kana nasal tone 3.png Taiwanese kana nasal tone 4.png
Taiwanese kana nasal tone 4.png
Taiwanese kana nasal tone 4.png
Taiwanese kana nasal tone 4.png
Taiwanese kana nasal tone 5.png Taiwanese kana nasal tone 7.png Taiwanese kana nasal tone 8.png
Taiwanese kana nasal tone 8.png
Taiwanese kana nasal tone 8.png
Taiwanese kana nasal tone 8.png
   
Extended bopomofo ? ?`





   
Tâi-lô a á à ah â ? ? a?h a? --ah
Example
(traditional Chinese)
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?? ?? ??
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Example
(simplified Chinese)
?? ?? ?? ??
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?? ?? ??
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See also

References

  1. ^ *Iû? Ún-giân; Tiu? Ha?k-khiam (1999). " (Comparison and Analysis of non-Character Transcription Systems for Taiwanese Holo)" (in Chinese). Tainan: National Cheng Kung University. Archived from the original on 2007-11-16. Retrieved .CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)

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