According to the Corruption Perceptions Index 2019, Lithuania ranks 35th out of 180 countries in the world and 15th out of 28 European Union countries. Freedom in the World 2020 report by Freedom House notes that corruption remains an issue in Lithuania, but gives high score for the main related areas: strong and effective safeguards against official corruption (3 out of 4), government openness and transparency (3 out of 4), independent judiciary (3 out of 4).
European Research Centre for Anti-Corruption and State-Building (ERCAS) notes that while Lithuania has a comprehensive anti-corruption legal base established, the law enforcement institutions are weak. In the Public Integrity Index 2019, published by the centre, Lithuania ranks 30th out of 117 countries.
According to the Flash Eurobarometer 482: Businesses' attitudes towards corruption in the EU, published by the European Commission, only 15% of business executives noted corruption as a problem when doing business. Lithuanian Map of Corruption 2019 report, published by STT, notes that the percentage of businesses that paid a bribe has been gradually decreasing over the last decades, with only 9% of business paying it in the last 5 years and 5% in the last 12 months.
According to the Global Corruption Barometer of the European Union in 2021 (GCB EU 2021), 48% of Lithuanians think that the government is doing badly in fighting corruption while 42% think it's doing well, nearly matching the EU average of 49% and 43% respectively.
According to the GCB EU 2021 report, people consider that the most corrupt institutions or individuals are: members of parliament (33%), business executives (27%), local government representatives and mayors (21%), judges and magistrates (21%). The report notes the most common cases of bribery in the last 12 months by service: healthcare institutions (19%), identity documents (6%) and police (4%).
Lithuanian Map of Corruption 2019 report, published by STT, provides an overview based on the surveys of population, company executives and public servants. According to the survey of people, the most common forms of corruption are: nepotism, political patronage and bribery. The most common cases of curruption were perceived to be in: healthcare institutions, courts, the parliament, municipalities and political parties.
According to a Baltijos tyrimai poll in 2019, police was trusted by 69% of people, Constitutional Court of Lithuania by 62%, STT by 55%. However, only 39% of people trusted the prosecutors and 33% trusted courts. A survey conducted by Vilmorus in 2020 shown that most corrupt areas perceived by the respondents were: healthcare (47%), courts (37%) and the parliament (30%). The same survey notes that Lithuanians regard corruption as the fourth most acute problem in the country. Only 3% of the people surveyed admitted giving a bribe in the previous year.
|Corruption Perceptions Index 2020||35th||180|
|ERCAS Public Integrity Index 2019||30th||117|
Special Investigation Service (abbreviated as STT, Lithuanian: Speciali?j? tyrim? tarnyba) is the main law enforcement institution in Lithuania to combat corruption. Other law enforcement institutions also play a major role in combating the corruption. In particular, Financial Crime Investigation Service (abbreviated as FNTT, Lithuanian: Finansini? nusikaltim? tyrimo tarnyba) investigates money laundering and major financial fraud activities. National Audit Office of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Valstyb?s kontrol?) is the supreme audit institution which also supervises the lawfulness and effectiveness of management and use of state funds and resources.
In 2019, the Law on Protection of Whistleblowers entered force, providing legal protection as well as remunerations and other measures for those who report corruption or other infringements. Lobbying in Lithuania is regulated by the Lobbying Act 2001. According to the EU Members' Research Service report from 2016, Lithuania is one of the few EU countries which has the code of conduct and a mandatory register for the lobbyists.
Lithuania participates in: