Corruption in the Philippines
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Corruption in the Philippines

The Philippines suffers from widespread corruption,[1][obsolete source] which developed during the Spanish colonial period.[2][3] Means of corruption include graft, bribery, embezzlement, backdoor deals, nepotism, and patronage.[4][obsolete source][improper synthesis?]

Decline

Transparency International's 2018 Corruption Perception Index ranks the country (together with Albania, Bahrain, Colombia, Tanzania, and Thailand) in the 99th place out of 180 countries.[5]

The CPI score indicates the perceived level of public sector corruption on a scale of 0 - 100, where 0 means that a country is perceived as highly corrupt and 100 means that a country is perceived as very clean.

Transparency International-Philippines said some of the factors that contributed to the Philippines' (2.6) slight jump are the improvement in government service, and cutting red tape.[6]

A November 2020 Transparency International survey of nearly 20,000 citizens from 17 countries, mostly between June and September 2020, showed that more Filipinos are confident in the government's tackling of corruption compared with Asian neighbors, although they also believe corruption in government remains a big problem. 64% of Philippine respondents think that corruption has decreased in the last 12 months, while 24% believe that it increased. This was better than the average across Asia, where only 32% believe that corruption decreased and 38% said that it increased.[7]

Political nepotism

The Philippine political arena is mainly arranged and operated by families or alliances of families, rather than organized around the voting for political parties.[8]

Called the padrino system, one gains favor, promotion, or political appointment through family affiliation (nepotism) or friendship (cronyism), as opposed to one's merit. The padrino system has been the source of many controversies and corruption in the Philippines.

See also

General

References

  1. ^ Jurado, Emil (March 12, 2010). "The fourth most corrupt nation". Manila Standard Today. Retrieved 2010.
  2. ^ Quah, Jon S. T. (July 21, 2011). Curbing Corruption in Asian Countries: An Impossible Dream?. Emerald Group Publishing. pp. 115-117. ISBN 978-0-85724-820-6. Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ Sriwarakuel, Warayuth (2005). Cultural Traditions and Contemporary Challenges in Southeast Asia: Hindu and Buddhist. CRVP. p. 294. ISBN 978-1-56518-213-4. Retrieved 2021.
  4. ^ Conde, Carlos (March 13, 2007). "Philippines most corrupt, survey says". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010.
  5. ^ "Corruption Perceptions Index 2018". www.transparency.org. Transparency International. Retrieved 2019.
  6. ^ News, By Willard Cheng, ABS-CBN. "PH corruption going, going, but not yet gone". abs-cbnnews.com.
  7. ^ Charm, Neil (25 November 2020). "Corruption still a big problem -- survey | BusinessWorld". BusinessWorld. Archived from the original on 25 November 2020. Retrieved 2021.
  8. ^ Coronel, Chua, Rimban, & Cruz The Rulemakers Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism (2007); p.49

Further reading


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