Council For Christian Colleges and Universities
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Council For Christian Colleges and Universities
Council for Christian Colleges & Universities

The Council for Christian Colleges & Universities (CCCU) is a higher education association of more than 180 Christian institutions, primarily in the United States and Canada. Founded in the 1970s to advance the interests of church-related colleges through government lobbying and public relations, the council also provides professional development for employees of member schools and runs off-campus study programs for students through CCCU GlobalEd.


In 1976, presidents of colleges in the Christian College Consortium called a meeting in Washington, D.C. to organize a Coalition for Christian Colleges that could expand the objectives of the consortium. Representatives from 38 colleges participated in the founding meeting to establish a new organization to provide a unified voice representing the interests and concerns of Christian colleges to government decision makers and the general public.[1] The Coalition and the Consortium shared facilities in Washington, D.C. until 1982, when the Consortium relocated to St. Paul, Minnesota and the Coalition formally incorporated as an independent organization. In 1995, the organization changed its name to the Coalition for Christian Colleges and Universities; in 1999 it changed again to the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities.[1]


The CCCU is headquartered in the historic district of Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C. The Council also owns facilities in Oxford, England, for its Oxford student programmes and San Jose, Costa Rica, for its Latin American Studies Program. The CCCU leases spaces for the remaining CCCU GlobalEd programs around the world (see below). In 1989, the Council purchased the townhouse adjacent to The Dellenback Center for guest housing in its Capitol Hill location. In 1999, the Council purchased and renovated an existing townhouse to use as its main headquarters. The original two-story townhouse was constructed in the 1850s and is one of the few remaining wooden clapboard structures on Capitol Hill.[2]


In September 2014, Shirley V. Hoogstra, J.D., was named the Council's seventh president.[3] Before that, she was the vice president for student life at Calvin College in Grand Rapids, Michigan, after having served for four years on Calvin's Board of Trustees. While at Calvin, Hoogstra also served as a cabinet member who became familiar with team building, campus-wide planning and communications. She was also the co-host of Inner Compass, a nationally televised show on PBS.[4] She has served in a variety of volunteer leadership roles for CCCU institutes and commissions, and is the Council's first female president.[5] The previous president, Edward O. Blews Jr., served from January 1, 2013, to October 22, 2013.[6][7] William P. Robinson, former president of Whitworth University, was named the interim president[6] before Hoogstra was appointed.

The council has a 17-member board of directors, most of whom are presidents of member institutions.[8] The chair is Shirley A. Mullen, president of Houghton College.[9]



The CCCU seeks to provide a unified voice for faith-based institutions of higher learning on policy matters that affect its constituency and to equip members to engage in effective advocacy on the state and local level. The advocacy agenda as of 2019 included concerns about religious liberty, institutional autonomy, student financial aid, immigration, environmental stewardship, and government regulation affecting higher education.[10]


The CCCU provides programs and services for presidents and administrators, trustees, faculty, and students of member institutions. These include many professional development opportunities, such as annual gatherings for its college and university presidents, and annual conferences for member Chief Institutional Development Officers; Communication, Marketing and Media Officers; Chief Enrollment Officers; Chief Financial Officers; Campus Ministry Directions, and other leadership development programs. Other member services include webinars, grant-making opportunities for scholarship and research, discipline specific forums, networking communities, a tuition waver exchange program, and an online career center.[11] Members also receive access to the Council's biannual magazine called CCCU ADVANCE, as well as regular news updates, website resources on scholarship, and information related to Christian higher education policy and issues. In 2019 the Council launched an online consortium to allow participating schools to share online courses.[12]

CCCU GlobalEd

The CCCU administers a number of student study programs around the world through CCCU GlobalEd (formerly called BestSemester). Its first off-campus program, the American Studies Program, was established in Washington, D.C. in the 1970s. It then added a contemporary music program in Nashville and a film studies program in Los Angeles, as well as study abroad programs in Australia, Latin America, the Middle East, Northern Ireland, Oxford, England, and Uganda. More than 13,000 students have benefitted from these academically rigorous, Christ-centered experiential education programs for the past 40 years. A program in Russia operated from 1994 to 2010.


The CCCU's membership includes more than 150 in the U.S. and Canada and nearly 30 more from an additional 18 countries. All members self-identify as having a Christian identity and mission. Most institutions are accredited, comprehensive colleges and universities with curricula rooted in the arts and sciences. Member institutions are divided into four major categories depending on type of institution, agreement the council's defining commitments, and geographical location.

Following a dispute in 2015 about same-sex marriage that led to eight institutions withdrawing from the council, the CCCU adopted a new membership policy that was announced in 2016 and went into effect in July 2017.[13] The policy defined six criteria according to which affiliated schools would be designated as governing members, associate members, or collaborative partners.[14] Schools located outside of the United States or Canada are classified as International Affiliates.

Governing Member Institutions

Governing (voting) members must fulfill all six criteria:

  • Christian mission
  • Institutional type and accreditation (must offer a "comprehensive undergraduate curricula rooted in the arts and sciences")
  • Cooperation and participation (dues)
  • Institutional integrity (financial ethics)
  • Employment policies (full-time faculty and administrators must be professing Christians), and
  • Christian distinctions and advocacy (must support the advocacy agenda determined by the Board of Directors, including a sexual ethic committed to heterosexual marriage, care for the marginalized and suffering, and environmental stewardship).[13][14]
Abilene Christian University Abilene Texas Churches of Christ 1982
Anderson University Anderson Indiana Church of God (Anderson) 1982
Anderson University Anderson South Carolina South Carolina Baptist Convention 2011
Asbury University Wilmore Kentucky None 1976
Azusa Pacific University Azusa California None 1976
Belhaven University Jackson Mississippi None 1979
Bethany Lutheran College Mankato Minnesota Evangelical Lutheran Synod 2017
Bethel University Mishawaka Indiana Missionary Church 1984
Bethel University Arden Hills Minnesota Baptist General Conference 1976
Biola University La Mirada California None 1976
Bluefield College Bluefield Virginia Baptist General Association of Virginia 2008
Bushnell University Eugene Oregon Christian churches and churches of Christ and Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) 1981
California Baptist University Riverside California Southern Baptist Convention 1990
Calvin University Grand Rapids Michigan Christian Reformed Church 1981
Campbellsville University Campbellsville Kentucky Southern Baptist Convention 1976
Central Baptist College Conway Arkansas Baptist 2021
Central Christian College of Kansas McPherson Kansas Free Methodist Church
Charleston Southern University North Charleston South Carolina South Carolina Baptist Convention
Clarks Summit University Clarks Summit Pennsylvania Baptist 2021
College of the Ozarks Point Lookout Missouri Presbyterian Church USA 1996
Colorado Christian University Lakewood Colorado None 1985
Concordia University Ann Arbor Ann Arbor Michigan Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod 2019[18]
Concordia University Chicago River Forest Illinois Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod 2021
Concordia University Irvine Irvine California Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod 2011
Concordia University Wisconsin Mequon Wisconsin Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod 2019[18]
Corban University Salem Oregon Baptist 1992
Cornerstone University Grand Rapids Michigan None 1991
Covenant College Lookout Mountain Georgia Presbyterian Church in America 1976
Crown College St. Bonifacius Minnesota Christian and Missionary Alliance 1997
Dallas Baptist University Dallas Texas Baptist General Convention of Texas 1984
Dordt University Sioux Center Iowa Christian Reformed Church 1981
East Texas Baptist University Marshall Texas Baptist General Convention of Texas 1995
Eastern Nazarene College Quincy Massachusetts Church of the Nazarene 1982
Eastern University St. Davids Pennsylvania American Baptist Churches USA 1976
Emmanuel College Franklin Springs Georgia International Pentecostal Holiness Church 2011
Erskine College Due West South Carolina Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church 1981
Evangel University Springfield Missouri Assemblies of God Church
Faulkner University Montgomery Alabama Churches of Christ
Fresno Pacific University Fresno California Mennonite Brethren Church 1981
Geneva College Beaver Falls Pennsylvania Reformed Presbyterian Church of North America 1976
George Fox University Newberg Oregon Northwest Yearly Meeting of Friends 1976
Gordon College Wenham Massachusetts None 1976
Grace College and Theological Seminary Winona Lake Indiana Fellowship of Grace Brethren Churches 1976
Greenville College Greenville Illinois Free Methodist Church 1976
Hannibal-LaGrange University Hannibal Missouri Southern Baptist Convention 2010
Hardin-Simmons University Abilene Texas Baptist General Convention of Texas 2003
Harding University Searcy Arkansas Churches of Christ 2015
Hope International University Fullerton California None 1994
Houghton College Houghton New York Wesleyan Church 1976
Houston Baptist University Houston Texas Southern Baptist Convention 2000
Howard Payne University Brownwood Texas Baptist General Convention of Texas 2000
Huntington University Huntington Indiana United Brethren Church 1978
Indiana Wesleyan University Marion Indiana Wesleyan Church 1976
John Brown University Siloam Springs Arkansas None 1976
Judson University Elgin Illinois American Baptist Churches USA
Kentucky Christian University Grayson Kentucky Christian churches and churches of Christ 1999
King University Bristol Tennessee Presbyterian Church USA 1979
Lee University Cleveland Tennessee Church of God (Cleveland) 1981
LeTourneau University Longview Texas None 1985
Lipscomb University Nashville Tennessee Churches of Christ 1999
Lubbock Christian University Lubbock Texas Churches of Christ 2018
Malone University Canton Ohio Evangelical Friends Church - Eastern Region 1976
Messiah University Grantham Pennsylvania None 1976
MidAmerica Nazarene University Olathe Kansas Church of the Nazarene 1978
Milligan University Carter County Tennessee Christian churches and churches of Christ 1984
Mississippi College Clinton Mississippi Southern Baptist Convention 2003
Missouri Baptist University St. Louis Missouri Baptist 2005
Montreat College Montreat North Carolina None 1985
Mount Vernon Nazarene University Mount Vernon Ohio Church of the Nazarene 1982
Multnomah University Portland Oregon
North Central University Minneapolis Minnesota General Council of the Assemblies of God in the United States of America 2010
North Park University Chicago Illinois Evangelical Covenant Church 1981
Northwest Nazarene University Nampa Idaho Church of the Nazarene 1979
Northwest University Kirkland Washington Assemblies of God Church 1992
Northwestern College Orange City Iowa Reformed Church in America
Nyack College Nyack New York Christian and Missionary Alliance 1976
Ouachita Baptist University Arkadelphia Arkansas Arkansas Baptist State Convention 2018
Oklahoma Baptist University Shawnee Oklahoma Southern Baptist Convention 1994
Oklahoma Christian University Oklahoma City Oklahoma Churches of Christ 1998
Olivet Nazarene University Bourbonnais Illinois Church of the Nazarene 1978
Oral Roberts University Tulsa Oklahoma None 1997
Palm Beach Atlantic University West Palm Beach Florida None 1982
Point Loma Nazarene University San Diego California Church of the Nazarene 1979
Point University West Point Georgia Nondenominational 2018
Redeemer University Ancaster Ontario Christian Reformed Church 1986
Regent University Virginia Beach Virginia
Roberts Wesleyan College North Chili New York Free Methodist Church 1982
San Diego Christian College El Cajon California None 2008
Simpson University Redding California Christian and Missionary Alliance 1976
Southeastern University Lakeland Florida Assemblies of God Church 2002
Southern Nazarene University Bethany Oklahoma Church of the Nazarene 1978
Southern Wesleyan University Central South Carolina Wesleyan Church 1978
Southwest Baptist University Bolivar Missouri Southern Baptist Convention 1995
Spring Arbor University Spring Arbor Michigan Free Methodist Church 1978
Sterling College Sterling Kansas Presbyterian Church USA 1980
Tabor College Hillsboro Kansas Mennonite Brethren Church 1979
Taylor University Upland Indiana None 1976
Toccoa Falls College Toccoa Falls Georgia Christian and Missionary Alliance 2008
Trevecca Nazarene University Nashville Tennessee Church of the Nazarene 1980
Trinity Christian College Palos Heights Illinois Christian Reformed Church 1980
Trinity International University Deerfield Illinois Evangelical Free Church 1976
Trinity Western University Langley British Columbia Evangelical Free Church 1986
University of Mary Hardin-Baylor Belton Texas Baptist General Convention of Texas 2008
University of Northwestern - St. Paul Roseville Minnesota None
University of the Southwest Hobbs New Mexico Baptist 2008
Vanguard University of Southern California Costa Mesa California Assemblies of God Church
Warner University Lake Wales Florida Church of God (Anderson) 1982
Wayland Baptist University Plainview Texas Baptist General Convention of Texas 2021
Westmont College Santa Barbara California None 1976
Wheaton College Wheaton Illinois None 1976
William Jessup University Rocklin California Nondenominational Christianity
Wisconsin Lutheran College Milwaukee Wisconsin Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod 2015
York College York Nebraska Churches of Christ

Associate Member Institutions

Associate members must meet all the same criteria as governing members except institutional type and accreditation. Thus, institutions that do not offer a comprehensive undergraduate program (including Bible colleges or seminaries) can be associate members.

Institution Location Denominational affiliation Year Joined
Ambrose University College Calgary, Alberta Christian and Missionary Alliance; Church of the Nazarene
Arizona Christian University Phoenix, Arizona None
Asbury Theological Seminary Wilmore, Kentucky None
Booth University College Winnipeg, Manitoba Salvation Army
Briercrest College and Seminary Caronport, Saskatchewan
Cairn University Langhorne, Pennsylvania None
Columbia International University Columbia, South Carolina Nondenominational Christianity
Crandall University Moncton, New Brunswick Canadian Baptist
Dallas Theological Seminary Dallas, Texas None
Denver Seminary Littleton, Colorado 2019[19]
Fuller Theological Seminary Pasadena, California None
Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary South Hamilton, Massachusetts None
Johnson University Knoxville, Tennessee
Kuyper College Grand Rapids, Michigan
Life Pacific University San Dimas, California International Church of the Foursquare Gospel
Lincoln Christian University Lincoln, Illinois Christian Churches and Churches of Christ
McMaster Divinity College Hamilton, Ontario Canadian Baptist
Mid-Atlantic Christian University Elizabeth City, North Carolina Christian Churches and Churches of Christ
Moody Bible Institute Chicago, Illinois
Ohio Christian University Circleville, Ohio Churches of Christ in Christian Union
Ozark Christian College Joplin, Missouri Christian churches and churches of Christ 2019
Prairie College Three Hills, Alberta
Providence Christian College Pasadena, California None
Providence University College and Theological Seminary Otterburne, Manitoba None
Southwestern Christian University Bethany, Oklahoma International Pentecostal Holiness Church
The King's College New York City, New York None
The King's University Southlake, Texas Evangelical 2021
Tyndale University Toronto, Ontario None
University of Valley Forge Phoenixville, Pennsylvania Assemblies of God

Collaborative Partner Institutions

Collaborative partners must meet the first four criteria set for governing members (Christian mission, institutional type and accreditation, cooperation and participation, and institutional integrity), but may depart from last two: employment policies and Christian distinctions and advocacy. Institutions that do not require all of their faculty to be professing Christians and/or do not agree with all elements of the CCCU's advocacy agenda, but nevertheless wish to take part in the council's programs and partnerships, may be collaborative partners.[14]

International Affiliates

The CCCU has more than 30 colleges and universities in countries outside the U.S. and Canada.

Institution Location Denominational affiliation Year Joined
Africa International University Nairobi, Kenya
Africa Nazarene University Nairobi, Kenya Church of the Nazarene
Alphacrucis College Parramatta, New South Wales Assemblies of God
Avondale University College Cooranbong, New South Wales
Central University College Accra, Ghana International Central Gospel Church
Baekseok University Cheonan, South Chungcheong, South Korea 2019
Christelijke Hogeschool Ede Ede, Netherlands
Christian Heritage College Brisbane, Australia
Christ's College Taipei, Taiwan Presbyterian Church in America
CSI Bishop Appasamy College of Arts and Sciences Coimbatore, India Church of South India Trust Association
Eastern College Australia Melbourne, Australia 2019[19]
Emmaus University of Haiti Cercaville, Acul du Nord, Haiti Wesleyan 2019[19]
Excelsia College Macquarie Park, New South Wales
Handong Global University Pohang, South Korea
Jerusalem University College Jerusalem, Israel
John Wesley Theological College Budapest, Hungary
Károli Gáspár University of the Reformed Church in Hungary Budapest, Hungary
KC University Seoul, South Korea Church of Christ
Laidlaw College Auckland, New Zealand
LCC International University Klaip?da, Lithuania
Liverpool Hope University Liverpool, United Kingdom 2020
Morling College Macquarie Park, New South Wales 2020
North Haiti Christian University Limbé, Nord, Haiti American Baptist
Northrise University Ndola, Zambia Nondenominational 2021
Presbyterian University and Theological Seminary Seoul, Republic of Korea Presbyterian Church of Korea 2019[19]
Queensland University Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Seoul Theological University Bucheon, South Korea Korean Evangelical Holiness Church 2017[20]
Sheng-te Christian College Taoyuan City, Taiwan
Tabor (Australia) Adelaide, Australia, Australia
Tokyo Christian University Inzai, Chiba, Japan
Tunghai University Taichung City, Taiwan Nondenominational 2021
Uganda Christian University Mukono, Uganda
Universidad Evangélica Boliviana Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia
Universidad Nacional Evangelica Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
Universitas Pelita Harapan Banten, Indonesia
University of the Holy Land Jerusalem, Israel
Wycliffe Hall Oxford

Former Members

The following institutions have withdrawn from the Council.

Institution Location Denominational affiliation Year Joined Year Left
Union University Jackson, Tennessee Baptist 2015[21]
Oklahoma Wesleyan University Bartlesville, Oklahoma Wesleyan Church 2015[22]
Goshen College Goshen, Indiana Mennonite Church USA 2015[23]
Eastern Mennonite University Harrisonburg, Virginia Mennonite Church USA 2015[23]
Bluffton University Bluffton, Ohio Mennonite Church USA 2015[24]
The Master's College Santa Clarita, California 2015[25]
Cedarville University Cedarville, Ohio Baptist 2016[26]
Shorter University Rome, Georgia Baptist 2016[26]
Louisiana College Pineville, Louisiana Baptist 2019[27]


In 2015, Union University[21] and Oklahoma Wesleyan University[22] withdrew from membership in the CCCU because of a policy change by two member institutions to hire same-sex couples. A potential split within the CCCU was avoided with the announcement on September 21, 2015 that both Goshen College and Eastern Mennonite University, the two colleges that changed their policies to hire same-sex couples, had withdrawn from the council. The council issued a statement affirming the traditional Christian view of marriage as between a man and a woman.[23] A task force was appointed to examine the rationale for the existing associational categories plus address how to remain rooted in traditional Christianity, leading to the announcement of a new membership policy in 2016.[28] Bluffton University also withdrew its membership in the council in December 2015 when it announced a policy change to allow hiring gay and lesbian employees.[24]

On November 3, 2015, The Master's College announced their withdrawal from the CCCU due to the college's "concerns about the direction of the CCCU" on issues such as Creation and Evolution and same-sex marriage, stating that "the vast majority of [CCCU] member schools do not accept the Genesis account of creation or the inerrancy of Scripture".[25] Cedarville University and Shorter University also withdrew from the council over concerns that the council's rejection of same-sex marriage was not swift or complete enough.[26]


  1. ^ a b Balmer, Randall (2002). "Council for Christian Colleges and Universities". Encyclopedia of Evangelicalism. Louisville: Westminster John Knox.
  2. ^ "Council for Christian Colleges & Universities - Location". Archived from the original on 2016-02-23. Retrieved .
  3. ^ "Council for Christian Colleges & Universities - President-Elect". Council for Christian Colleges & Universities. Archived from the original on June 19, 2015. Retrieved .
  4. ^ "Calvin College - Inner Compass - Television Interview Show". Calvin College.
  5. ^ "CCCU Names First Woman as President Following Controversial Firing of Previous Leader". Christian Post.
  6. ^ a b Goldie Blumenstyk (24 October 2013). "Christian-College Group Dismisses Its New President Without Explanation". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Archived from the original on 2018-01-24.
  7. ^ Jeremy Weber (22 October 2013). "After 'Careful Investigation,' Council for Christian Colleges and Universities Ousts President". Christianity Today. Retrieved .
  8. ^ "Council for Christian Colleges & Universities - Board Of Directors". Retrieved .
  9. ^ "CCCU Leadership | CCCU". CCCU. Retrieved .
  10. ^ "Advocacy". CCCU. 2016-07-26. Retrieved .
  11. ^ "Office of Professional Development & Research". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved .
  12. ^ "CCCU Launches Innovative Online Consortium". CCCU. 2019-02-27. Retrieved .
  13. ^ a b Derrick, J.C. (October 3, 2016). "CCCU adopts new membership policy". Archived from the original on 2016-10-18. Retrieved .
  14. ^ a b c "Our Institutions | CCCU". CCCU. Retrieved .
  15. ^ [1] Archived October 18, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ "Two New Colleges Join the CCCU". the way of improvement leads home. 2015-08-19. Retrieved .
  17. ^ "Three New Institutions Join CCCU". CCCU. August 29, 2017. Retrieved .
  18. ^ a b "CCCU Welcomes Three New Institutions". CCCU. 2019-08-21. Retrieved .
  19. ^ a b c d "CCCU Welcomes Four New Institutions". CCCU. 2019-03-25. Archived from the original on 2019-04-13. Retrieved .
  20. ^ "CCCU Adds Two New Affiliates". CCCU. February 24, 2017. Retrieved .
  21. ^ a b "CCCU loses Union University". World Magazine. 12 August 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-08-13. Retrieved .
  22. ^ a b J.C. Derrick (31 August 2015). "Second school leaves the CCCU". WORLD Magazine. Archived from the original on 2015-09-02. Retrieved .
  23. ^ a b c "Statement by the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities (CCCU) Board of Directors re: Membership Consultation Process and Ongoing Commitment to Mission". Council for Christian Colleges and Universities. September 21, 2015. Archived from the original on October 25, 2015. Retrieved 2017.
  24. ^ a b Jaschik, Scott (December 8, 2015). "Another Christian College Will Hire Gay People | Inside Higher Ed". Retrieved .
  25. ^ a b "Master's Moment: TMC Withdraws from CCCU". 2015-11-03. Retrieved .
  26. ^ a b c Derrick, J.C. (July 29, 2016). "CCCU board considers membership requirements". Archived from the original on 2016-07-30. Retrieved .
  27. ^ Smith, Samuel (February 14, 2019). "Louisiana College leaves CCCU over support for 'Fairness for All' LGBT compromise". Retrieved .
  28. ^ J.C. Derrick (21 September 2015). "EMU, Goshen voluntarily leave CCCU". WORLD. Archived from the original on 2015-09-22. Retrieved .

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