D%E1%BA%A5u H%E1%BB%8Fi
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D%E1%BA%A5u H%E1%BB%8Fi
̉
Hook
Diacritics in Latin & Greek
accent
acute´
double acute?
grave`
double grave ?
circumflex^
caron, há?ek?
breve?
inverted breve  ̑  
cedilla¸
diaeresis, umlaut¨
dot·
palatal hook  ?
retroflex hook  ?
hook above, d?u h?i ?
horn ?
iota subscript ͅ 
macron?
ogonek, nosin??
perispomene ͂ 
overring?
underring?
rough breathing?
smooth breathing?
Marks sometimes used as diacritics
apostrophe'
bar
colon:
comma,
full stop/period.
hyphen?
prime?
tilde~
Diacritical marks in other scripts
Arabic diacritics
Early Cyrillic diacritics
kamora ҄
pokrytie ?
titlo ?
Hebrew diacritics
Indic diacritics
anusvara? ? ? ?
avagraha? ? ? ? ? ?
chandrabindu? ? ?
nuqta?
virama? ? ? ? ? ?
visarga? ? ? ?
Gurmukh? diacritics
Khmer diacritics
Thai diacritics
IPA diacritics
Japanese kana diacritics
dakuten ?
handakuten ?
Syriac diacritics
Related
Dotted circle?
Punctuation marks
Logic symbols
? ?
? ?
? ?
? ?
? ?
? ?
? ?
? ?
? ?
? ?
? ?
? ?
?  shown in Times New Roman
?  shown in Calibri
The hook in Times New Roman (top) and Calibri (bottom)
Alexandre de Rhodes's Dictionarium Annamiticum Lusitanum et Latinum (Vietnamese-Portuguese-Latin dictionary) showing without its tittle and b? with both a hook and tittle.

In typesetting, the hook above (Vietnamese: d?u h?i) is a diacritic mark placed on top of vowels in the Vietnamese alphabet. In shape it looks like a tiny question mark without the dot underneath, or a tiny glottal stop (?). For example, a capital A with a hook is "?", and a lower case "u" with a hook is "?". The hook is usually written to the right of the circumflex in conventional Vietnamese orthography. If Vietnamese characters are unavailable, it is often replaced by a question mark after the vowel (VIQR encoding).

This diacritic functions as a tone marker, indicating a "mid falling" tone (h?i): which is "dipping" () in Southern Vietnamese or "falling" () in Northern Vietnamese; see Vietnamese language § Regional variation: Tones. The Southern "dipping" tone is similar to the questioning intonation in English.

The hook above can be used as a tone marker, but is not regarded as part of the alphabet.

Unicode

Apart from precomposed characters, in multiple scripts, the combining diacritical mark is encoded at  ̉  COMBINING HOOK ABOVE (HTML ̉)

See also

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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