Damascus Eyalet
Get Damascus Eyalet essential facts below. View Videos or join the Damascus Eyalet discussion. Add Damascus Eyalet to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Damascus Eyalet
Eyalet-i ?am
Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire
1516-1865
Flag of Damascus Eyalet
Flag
Damascus Eyalet, Ottoman Empire (1795).png
The Damascus Eyalet in 1795
CapitalDamascus[1]
History 
o Battle of Marj Dabiq
1516
o Disestablished
1865

Damascus Eyalet (Ottoman Turkish: ; Ey?let-i m‎)[2] was an eyalet of the Ottoman Empire. Its reported area in the 19th century was 51,900 square kilometres (20,020 sq mi).[3] It became an eyalet after the Ottomans conquered it from the Mamluks in 1516.[4] Janbirdi al-Ghazali, a Mamluk traitor, was made the first beylerbey of Damascus.[5] The Damascus Eyalet was one of the first Ottoman provinces to become a vilayet after an administrative reform in 1865, and by 1867 it had been reformed into the Syria Vilayet.[6]

Territorial jurisdiction

The Ottoman Empire conquered Syria from the Mamluks following the Battle of Marj Dabiq in August 1516 and the subsequent pledges of allegiance paid to the Ottoman sultan, Selim I, in Damascus by delegations of notables from throughout Syria.[7] The Ottomans established Damascus as the center of an eyalet (Ottoman province) whose territories consisted of the mamlakat (Mamluk provinces) of Damascus, Hama, Tripoli, Safad and Karak.[8] The mamlaka of Aleppo, which covered much of northern Syria, became the Aleppo Eyalet.[8] For a few months in 1521, Tripoli and its district were separated from Damascus Eyalet, but after 1579, the Tripoli Eyalet permanently became its own province.[8]

At the close of the 16th century, the Damascus Eyalet was administratively divided into the sanjaks (districts) of Tadmur, Safad, Lajjun, Ajlun, Nablus, Jerusalem, Gaza and Karak, in addition to the city of Damascus and its district.[9] There was also the sanjak of Sidon-Beirut, though throughout the late 16th century, it frequently switched hands between the eyalets of Damascus and Tripoli.[10] Briefly in 1614, and then permanently after 1660, the Sidon-Beirut and Safad sanjaks were separated from Damascus to form the Sidon Eyalet.[8] These administrative divisions largely held place with relatively minor changes until the mid-19th century.[11]

Governors

Administrative divisions

Palestine with the Hauran and the adjacent districts, William Hughes 1843

Sanjaks of Damascus Eyalet in the 17th century:[12]

  • Khass sanjaks (i.e. yielded a land revenue):
  1. Sanjak of Damascus
  2. Sanjak of Jerusalem
  3. Sanjak of Gaza
  4. Sanjak of Karak
  5. Sanjak of Safad
  6. Sanjak of Nablus
  7. Sanjak of Ajlun
  8. Sanjak of Lajjun
  9. Sanjak of Beqaa
  • Salyane sanjaks (i.e. had an annual allowance from government):
  1. Sanjak of Tadmur
  2. Sanjak of Sidon
  3. Sanjak of Beirut

See also

References

  1. ^ Commercial statistics: A digest of the productive resources, commercial... By John Macgregor, p. 12, at Google Books
  2. ^ "Some Provinces of the Ottoman Empire". Geonames.de. Archived from the original on 27 August 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  3. ^ The Popular encyclopedia: or, conversations lexicon, Volume 6 , p. 698, at Google Books
  4. ^ Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire, p. 169, at Google Books By Gábor Ágoston, Bruce Alan Masters
  5. ^ D. E. Pitcher (1972). An Historical Geography of the Ottoman Empire: From Earliest Times to the End of the Sixteenth Century. Brill Archive. p. 105. Retrieved 2013.
  6. ^ Almanach de Gotha: annuaire généalogique, diplomatique et statistique. J. Perthes. 1867. pp. 827-829. Retrieved .
  7. ^ Ze'evi, pp. 1-2.
  8. ^ a b c d Abu Husayn, p. 11.
  9. ^ Bakhit 1982, p. 91.
  10. ^ Abu Husayn, pp. 11-12.
  11. ^ Salibi, pp. 63-64.
  12. ^ Narrative of travels in Europe, Asia, and Africa in the ..., Volume 1, p. 90, at Google Books By Evliya Çelebi, Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall

Bibliography


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Damascus_Eyalet
 



 



 
Music Scenes